Historical Events on April 4

  • 1081 Alexius I Comnenus occupies Byzantine throne
  • 1460 University of Basle in Swizerland forms
  • 1541 Ignatius of Loyola becomes 1st superior-general of Jesuits
  • 1552 Mauritius van Saksen begins alliance with Karel Anikita Stroganov
  • 1558 Tsar Ivan IV gives parts of North-Russia to fur traders

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1581 Francis Drake knighted by Queen Elizabeth I aboard Golden Hind at Deptford

Vice Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Vice Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1588 Christian IV succeeds Frederik II as king of Denmark
  • 1655 Battle at Postage Farina, Tunis: English fleet beats Barbary pirates
  • 1655 The miraculous statue entitled the Infant of Prague is solemnly crowned by command of Cardinal Harrach.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1660 English king Charles II sends Declaration of Breda (freedom of religion)

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1686 English king James II publishes Declaration of Indulgence
  • 1687 King James II orders his declaration of indulgence read in English churches
  • 1737 Anthony van Heim installed as Dutch pension advisor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1814 Napoleon abdicates for the first time in favour of his son.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1818 Congress decides on the US flag: 13 red & white stripes & 20 stars
  • 1828 Casparus van Wooden patents chocolate milk powder (Amsterdam)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1832 Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Rio de Janeiro

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1841 Vice President John Tyler becomes the 10th President of the United States after the death of President William Henry Harrison

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler
  • 1850 City of Los Angeles incorporated
  • 1859 Opera "Dinorah" is produced (Paris)
  • 1859 Bryant's Minstrels debut "Dixie" in New York City in the finale of a blackface minstrel show.
  • 1862 Battle of Yorktown (US Civil War) begins
  • 1862 US begins Peninsular Campaign aimed at capturing Richmond during US Civil War
  • 1864 Skirmish at Elkin's Ford (Little Missouri River), Arkansas
  • 1865 Lee's army arrives at Amelia Courthouse
  • 1866 Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt in the city of Kiev.
  • 1870 Golden Gate Park forms by City Order #800
  • 1887 Susanna Medora Salter elected 1st US woman mayor (Argonia, KS)
  • 1896 Announcement of Gold in Yukon
  • 1899 South Africa all out 35 vs England (Trott 4-19, Haigh 6-11)
  • 1900 Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales, later British King Edward VII when shot by Jean-Baptiste Sipido in protest over Boer war
  • 1900 British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet
  • 1902 Cecil Rhodes scholarship fund forms with $10 million
  • 1905 Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 20,000
  • 1911 Hugh Chalmers, automaker, suggests idea of baseball MVP
  • 1912 Army fires on striking mine workers at Lena-gold fields Siberia
  • 1912 Chinese republic proclaimed in Tibet
  • 1913 The Greek aviator Emmanuel Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot victim of the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes.
  • 1913 75th Grand National: Percy Woodland aboard Covertcoat wins
  • 1914 "Perils of Pauline" shown for 1st time in LA
  • 1915 Germany protests vigorously to the US, claiming it must insist that Britain lifts its blockade and assert American neutrality
  • 1917 US Senate agrees (82-6) to participate in WW I
  • 1918 Food riot in Amsterdam
  • 1920 Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem
  • 1921 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2
  • 1922 WAAB (Baton Rouge La) becomes 1st US radio station with "W" calls
  • 1926 Greek dictator Theodorus Pangalos elected president
  • 1929 "New Moon" musical opens in London
  • 1929 1st AAU Greco-Roman wrestling championships held
  • 1930 Andrew Sandham makes Test Cricket 1st triple century
  • 1930 Les Ames makes the 1st Test Cricket century by a wicketkeeper (149)
  • 1930 The Communist Party of Panama is founded.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 George Bernard Shaw's "Too True to be Good" premieres in NYC

  • 1932 Vitamin C 1st isolated, CC King, Univ of Pittsburgh
  • 1933 US Dirigible Akron crashes off coast of NJ, 73 die

Sport awardGolf Major

1937 4th Masters Golf Tournament: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 283

Golfer Byron Nelson
Golfer
Byron Nelson
  • 1938 5th Masters Golf Tournament: Henry Picard wins, shooting a 285
  • 1939 Faisal II ascends to throne of Iraq
  • 1940 R Rodgers/Lorenz Hart's "Higher & Higher" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 German troops conquer Benghazi, Libya
  • 1944 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
  • 1944 De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists
  • 1944 Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000
  • 1945 Hungary liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
  • 1945 US forces liberated the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany
  • 1945 US tanks/infantry conquer Bielefeld
  • 1947 Convention on International Civil Aviation goes into effect
  • 1947 Largest group of sunspots on record
  • 1947 UN's International Civil Aviation Organization forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 84-year-old Connie Mack challenges 78-year-old Clark Griffith to a race from home to 1st base; it ends in a tie

Baseball Legend Connie Mack
Baseball Legend
Connie Mack
  • 1949 Israel & Jordan sign armistice agreement
  • 1949 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) treaty signed in Washington DC
  • 1949 WKRC TV channel 12 in Cincinnati, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1950 Dirk Stikker becomes chairman of OES

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Dutch Prince Bernhard visits Juan & Eva Peron in Buenos Aires

First Lady of Argentina Eva Perón
First Lady of Argentina
Eva Perón
  • 1953 KFDA TV channel 10 in Amarillo, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Carrollton Georgia Golf Open
  • 1955 British government signs military treaty with Iraq
  • 1956 Enid Bagnold's "Chalk Garden" premieres in London
  • 1957 Heitor Villa-Lobos' 10th Symphony, premieres in Paris
  • 1958 1st march against nuclear weapons (Aldermaston, England)
  • 1958 Eugene Ionesco's "Tueur sans Gages" premieres in Darmstadt
  • 1958 The CND Peace Symbol displayed in public for the first time in London.
  • 1959 Fed of Mali, consisting of Senegal & French Sudan (dissolved 1960)

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

1960 32nd Academy Awards: "Ben-Hur", Charlton Heston & Simone Signoret win

  • 1960 Oscar awarded to Neth director Bert Haanstra
  • 1960 Project Ozma begins at Green Bank radio astronomy center
  • 1960 Senegal declares independence from France
  • 1964 "Anyone Can Whistle" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 9 performances
  • 1964 Beatles' "Can't Buy Me Love" single goes #1 & stays #1 for 5 weeks
  • 1965 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Baton Rouge Golf Invitational
  • 1965 The first model of the new Saab Viggen fighter aircraft plane is unveiled.
  • 1966 Pirate Radio Scotland changes name to Radio Ireland
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 Amsterdam Marines chase out "nozems" of Central Station
  • 1967 Dutch De Young government forms
  • 1967 Marines chase "Nozems" out of Amsterdam Central Station
  • 1968 "Education of Hyman Kaplan" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 28 performances
  • 1968 Apollo 6 launched atop Saturn V; unmanned

MurderAssassination

1968 US civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1969 Denton Cooley receives the 1st temporary artificial heart
  • 1970 Firestone World Tournament of Champions won by Don Johnson
  • 1970 124th Grand National: Pat Taaffe aboard Gay Trip wins
  • 1971 "Follies" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 524 performances
  • 1971 Marine clay under houses liquefies in St-Jean-Vianney, Quebec, 31 die
  • 1972 1st electric power plant fueled by garbage begins operating

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Hank Aaron ties Babe Ruth's home-run record by hitting his 714th

Baseball Player Hank Aaron
Baseball Player
Hank Aaron
  • 1975 130 killed as USAF plane evacuating Vietnamese orphans crashes
  • 1975 Steve Miller is arrested for burning his girlfriend's clothes
  • 1975 USAF transport carrying orphans from Saigon crashes killing 155

CommunicationFounding of Microsoft

1975 Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen.

  • 1976 5th Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Judy Rankin
  • 1976 Seni Pramoj's Democratic Party wins elections in Thailand
  • 1979 Ex-President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan is executed.
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 Henry Cisneros becomes 1st Mexican-American mayor (San Antonio)
  • 1981 135th Grand National: Bob Champion aboard Aldaniti wins
  • 1981 26th Eurovision Song Contest: Bucks Fizz for United Kingdom wins singing "Making Your Mind Up" in Dublin
  • 1982 11th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Sally Little
  • 1983 45th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: NC State beats Houston 54-52
  • 1983 6th space shuttle mission, Challenger 1 launched
  • 1984 Michael Frayn's "Benefactors" premieres in London
  • 1984 Winston Smith in Orwell's "1984" begins his secret diary
  • 1985 Tulane University cancels its basketball season amidst scandal

Sports record brokenNHL Record

1986 Wayne Gretzky sets NHL record with 213th point of season

Ice Hockey Great Wayne Gretzky
Ice Hockey Great
Wayne Gretzky
  • 1987 Dow Jones up 69.89 points, ending at record 2,390.34 pts
  • 1987 141st Grand National: Steve Knight aboard Maori Venture wins
  • 1988 50th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kansas beat Oklahoma 83-79
  • 1988 Eddie Hill becomes the world's first driver to cover the quarter mile in under 5 seconds
  • 1988 Largest crowd (55,438) at a season game at Riverfront (Reds Vs Cards)
  • 1988 Last broadcast of "Crossroads" on British TV
  • 1988 Mets set Opening Day record with 6 HRs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar's last NBA game in Seattle

  • 1989 NY Yankee Tommy John ties record of playing 26 seasons, his 287th win puts him 19th overall as Yanks beat Twins on opening day 4-2
  • 1990 "Marshall Chronicles" premieres on ABC-TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Gloria Estefan released from hospital after her accident

  • 1990 Security law violator Ivan Boesky is released from federal custody
  • 1991 "Lucifer's Child" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 28 performances
  • 1991 Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter collides with their plane over an elementary school in Merion, Pennsylvania.
  • 1992 Game 1 of Mayor Challenge - NY Yankees beat NY Mets 6-4 at Yank Stad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Jury deliberations begin in Noriega case

Panamanian General and Dictator Manuel Noriega
Panamanian General and Dictator
Manuel Noriega
  • 1992 Sali Berisha becomes president/Alexander Meksi premier of Albania
  • 1992 146th Grand National: Carl Llewellyn aboard Party Politics wins
  • 1993 12th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Texas Tech beats OH State 84-82
  • 1993 5th Seniors Golf Tradition: Tom Shaw
  • 1993 Trish Johnson wins Las Vegas LPGA at Canyon Gate Golf Tournament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Wrestlemania IX at Caesar's Palace Las Vegas, Hulk Hogan pins Yokozuna

WWF Wrestler Hulk Hogan
WWF Wrestler
Hulk Hogan
  • 1994 1st game played at Jacobs Field, Indians beat Mariners 4-3 in 11 inn
  • 1994 56th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Ark Razorbacks beats Duke 76-72
  • 1994 Cubs Karl "Tuffy" Rhodes, hit 3 HRs in 1993 hits 3 HRs on opening
  • 1994 KLM Saab 340B crashes at Schiphol, 3 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 LA Dodger Darryl Strawberry begins substance abuse treatment

Baseball Player Darryl Strawberry
Baseball Player
Darryl Strawberry
  • 1994 Largest Opening Day crowd at Yankee Stadium, 56,706
  • 1994 Netscape Communications founded as Mosaic Communications
  • 1994 Tony Curtis undergoes heart-bypass surgery
  • 1994 Day vs Mets starter Dwight Gooden
  • 1996 "Inherit the Wind" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 45 performances
  • 1996 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Austin TX on KJFK 98.9 FM
  • 1997 Anaheim Ducks clinch their 1st-ever playoff berth
  • 1997 Braves officially open Turner Field against Cubs
  • 1997 DMSP Titan 2 launched
  • 1997 STS 83 (Columbia 22), launches
  • 1998 NFL Europe (Formerly WLAF), kicks off season
  • 1998 151st Grand National: Carl Llewellyn aboard Earth Summit wins
  • 2002 The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign a peace treaty ending the Angolan Civil War.
  • 2005 67th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: North Carolina beats Illinois 75-70
  • 2006 25th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Maryland beats Duke 78-75
  • 2007 15 British Royal Navy personnel held in Iran are released by the Iranian President.
  • 2008 Raid on Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints owned YFZ Ranch in Texas; 401 children and 133 women taken into state custody
  • 2009 162nd Grand National: Liam Treadwell aboard Mon Mome wins
  • 2011 73rd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Butler 53-41

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 German Nobel Laureate, Günter Grass, publishes controversial poem that claims Israel is plotting to wipe out Iran

Writer and playwright Günter Grass
Writer and playwright
Günter Grass
  • 2012 Somalia's National Theatre is struck by a suicide bomber killing ten people including the presidents of the Somali Olympic Committee and Football Federation
  • 2012 Boris Tadić, President of Serbia, resigns
  • 2013 74 people are killed after an illegally constructed building collapses in Thane, India
  • 2013 9 people have been killed on an axe-murdering rampage in Chhattisgarh state, India
  • 2013 Poecilotheria rajaei, a giant tarantula with a 20cm leg span, is discovered in Sri Lanka
  • 2014 President of the World Bank, Jim Yong Kim, claims that climate change will lead to battles over water and food within the next five to ten years