Historical Events on 5th April

  • 456 St. Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop.
  • 823 Pope Peschalis I crowns Lotharius I, co-emperor of France
  • 1058 Bishop John "Minchio" [domkop] elected as Pope Benedictus X

Victory-in-battleVictory in Battle

1242 Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod defeats Teutonic Knights in the Battle of the Ice

Key Figure of Medieval Rus Alexander Nevsky
Key Figure of Medieval Rus
Alexander Nevsky
  • 1566 200 Brussel nobles offer Margaretha of Parma a petition
  • 1585 Clemens Crabbeels becomes bishop of Hertogenbosch

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1603 New English King James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1609 Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa.
  • 1614 2nd parliament of King James I begin session (no enactments)
  • 1621 Mayflower sails from Plymouth on a return trip to England
  • 1648 Spanish troops/feudal barons strike down people's uprising in Naples
  • 1722 Jacob Roggeveen discovers Easter Island
  • 1739 French emperor Karel VI sign secret treaty
  • 1751 Adolf Frederik of Holstein-Gottorp crowns himself king of Sweden
  • 1762 British take Grenada, West Indies, from French
  • 1768 1st US Chamber of Commerce forms (NYC)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1792 George Washington casts 1st presidential veto

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1803 1st performance of Beethoven's 2nd Symphony in D

  • 1804 High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil.
  • 1806 Isaac Quintard patents apple cider
  • 1812 Brits storm Badajoz fortress, held by French & Spanish
  • 1814 Netherlands Bank issues its 1st banknotes
  • 1815 Eruption of Tambora volcano (Sumbawa Java)

Victory-in-battleVictory in Battle

1818 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1861 Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Texas
  • 1862 Siege of Yorktown VA
  • 1865 Battle at Amelia Springs/Jetersville Va (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1874 Johann Strauss Jr's opera "Die Fledermaus" premieres in Vienna
  • 1874 Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, is opened in Birkenhead, England. Designed by Joseph Paxton
  • 1879 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • 1881 Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1887 Anne Sullivan teaches "water" to Helen Keller

Author Helen Keller
Author
Helen Keller
  • 1889 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Copper Beeches" (BG)
  • 1893 Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
  • 1894 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn
  • 1894 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Empty House" (BG)
  • 1895 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of 3 Students" (BG)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1895 Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer/Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1897 The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1900 Attempted assassination of Edward, Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails
  • 1901 Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee
  • 1902 Maurice Ravel's "Pavane pour une infante defunte" premieres in Paris
  • 1902 In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517
  • 1904 The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.
  • 1905 James Barrie's "Alice-sit-by-the-fire" premieres in London
  • 1906 St Pius X encyclical "On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland"
  • 1908 British premier Henry Campbell-Bannerman resigns
  • 1911 MCC tour match v Jamaica finishes in a tie
  • 1911 Waldorf W Aster acquires Daily Observer
  • 1915 French begin Woëvre-offensive
  • 1915 Jess Willard KOs Jack Johnson in 26 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1916 French troops occupy Bois de Caillette
  • 1919 Eamon de Valera becomes president of Dail Eireann
  • 1919 Polish Army executes 35 young Jews
  • 1922 KOB-AM in Albuquerque NM begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WDZ-AM in Decatur IL begins radio transmissions

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1923 Firestone Co put their inflatable tires into production

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • 1925 Belgian Workers Party wins parliamentary election

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1925 Yankees whip Dodgers in exhibition 16-9 but Babe Ruth collapses in NC due to an ulcer

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1927 Johnny Weissmuller set records in 100 & 200 m free style
  • 1929 Lithuania signs Litvinov-pact
  • 1930 England out for 849 v WI Kingston, Sandham out for 325
  • 1932 Dutch textile strike broken by trade unions
  • 1932 Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seize the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government.
  • 1935 Croatian Farmers Party wins Yugoslavian election
  • 1936 Tupelo Mississippi virtually annihilated by a tornado, 216 die
  • 1938 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa Poland
  • 1939 Membership in Hitler Youth becomes obligatory
  • 1940 99th Grand National: Sgt. Mervyn A. Jones aboard Bogskar wins
  • 1941 In SF, Castro & Fillmore streetcars replaced by buses
  • 1943 Allies bomb Mortsel
  • 1943 Japanese troops conquer Indin
  • 1943 Poon Lim found after being adrift 133 days
  • 1944 140 Lancasters bomb airplane manufacturer in Toulouse
  • 1944 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.
  • 1945 Almelo Netherlands freed
  • 1945 Kuniaki Koiso resigns as PM of Japan; replaced by Kantaro Suzuki
  • 1946 1st performance of Charles Ives' 3rd Symphony
  • 1946 100th Grand National: Capt. Robert Petre aboard Lovely Cottage wins
  • 1948 WGN TV channel 9 in Chicago, IL (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 60 year old St Anthony's Hospital burns, kills 77 (Effingham Ill)
  • 1949 Fireside Theater debuts on television.
  • 1950 Prague espionage trial against bishops & priests begins

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1951 Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, sentenced to death

Alleged Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • 1952 Henry Wittenberg wins his 8th AAU wrestling title
  • 1952 106th Grand National: Arthur P. Thompson aboard Teal wins
  • 1953 Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
  • 1953 WEYI TV channel 25 in Saginaw, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1954 Elvis Presley records his debut single "That's All Right"

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1955 Winston Churchill resigns as British PM, Anthony Eden succeeds him

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1956 In Sri Lanka, the Mahajana Eksath Peramuna win the general elections in a landslide and S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike is sworn in as the Prime Minister.
  • 1958 Ripple Rock, an underwater threat to navigation in the Seymour Narrows in Canada is destroyed in one of the largest non-nuclear controlled explosions of the time.
  • 1959 23rd Masters Golf Tournament: Art Wall Jr wins, shooting a 284

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1961 Barbra Streisand appears on "Jack Paar Show"

Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-songwriter & Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • 1961 Dutch governor Platteel installs New Guinea Council
  • 1962 Herb Gardner's "Thousand Clowns" premieres in NYC
  • 1962 Mgr J Daems appointed bishop of Antwerp

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1962 NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 54,600 m

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong
  • 1962 St Bernard Tunnel finished-Swiss/Italians workers shake hands
  • 1963 Beatles receive their 1st silver disc (Please Please Me)
  • 1963 Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes chief of Western Samoa
  • 1964 1st driverless trains run on London Underground
  • 1964 Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA St Petersburg Women's Golf Open

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1965 37th Academy Awards - "My Fair Lady", Rex Harrison & Julie Andrews win

Actress/Singer Julie Andrews
Actress/Singer
Julie Andrews
  • 1965 Lava Lamp Day celebrated
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1966 WTVX TV channel 34 in Ft Pierce-Vero Beach, FL (IND) 1st broadcast

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1967 '76er Wilt Chamberlain sets NBA record of 41 rebounds

NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain
NBA Legend
Wilt Chamberlain
  • 1967 ATS II launched but fails to reach orbit
  • 1968 Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego opens
  • 1968 US marine base Khe San Vietnam, appalled
  • 1969 Vietnam War: Massive antiwar demonstrations occur in many U.S. cities.
  • 1970 WSNS TV channel 44 in Chicago, IL (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1971 Fran Phipps is 1st woman to reach North Pole
  • 1971 Mount Etna erupts in Sicily Italy
  • 1971 US Lt Wiliam Calley (My Lai Massacre) sentenced to life
  • 1971 WNJT TV channel 52 in Trenton, NJ (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1971 In Sri Lanka, Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna launches insurrection against the United Front government of Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike.
  • 1972 Baseball season is delayed due to a strike
  • 1972 Mets trade Ken Singleton to Expos for Rusty Staub
  • 1973 NFL adopts jersey numbering system (ie QBs, 1-19)
  • 1973 Pioneer 11 launched to Jupiter
  • 1974 Last day of Test cricket for Garry Sobers & Rohan Kanhai
  • 1974 Then tallest building, World Trade Center opens in NYC (110 stories)
  • 1975 "Letter for Queen Victoria" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 18 performances
  • 1975 Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely
  • 1975 129th Grand National: Tommy Carberry aboard L'Escargot wins
  • 1976 Harold Wilson resigns as James Callaghan becomes PM of England

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1976 Tom Stoppard's "Dirty Linen" premieres in London

Playwright Tom Stoppard
Playwright
Tom Stoppard
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 Balt manager Earl Weaver wins his 1,000th game as a skipper
  • 1979 Ex-premier Pol Jar flees out of Cambodia

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1981 10th Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Nancy Lopez

LPGA Golfer Nancy Lopez
LPGA Golfer
Nancy Lopez
  • 1981 Phila Flyers amass a record 2,621 penalty minutes
  • 1982 British fleet sails to Falkland Islands
  • 1982 Cards' Jim Kaat, pitches in record 24th consecutive season
  • 1982 Lord Carrington, British foreign secretary resigns due to Falklands war
  • 1983 France throws out 47 Soviet diplomats
  • 1983 NY Met Tom Seaver's sets record 14th NL Opening Day assignment
  • 1984 "Human Comedy" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 13 performances

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1984 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar breaks Wilt Chamberlain's all-time career scoring record of 31,419 points (31,421)

  • 1986 Record for a throw-and-return boomerang toss is set (121m)
  • 1986 US soldier & Turkish woman killed in West Berlin disco bombing
  • 1986 140th Grand National: Richard Dunwoody aboard West Tip wins

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1987 16th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Betsy King

LPGA Golfer Betsy King
LPGA Golfer
Betsy King
  • 1987 Fox TV network premieres showing Married With Children & Tracey Ullman

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1987 Wayne Gretzky wins 7th straight NHL scoring title

Ice Hockey Great Wayne Gretzky
Ice Hockey Great
Wayne Gretzky
  • 1988 Democratic convention picks Michael Dukakis as their pres candidate

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1989 David Letterman becomes 1st network TV series to use dolby stereo

Comedian and Television Host David Letterman
Comedian and Television Host
David Letterman
  • 1989 Orel Hershiser ends his 59 consecutive scoreless pitched inning streak
  • 1989 Solidarity grants legal status in Poland

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1990 John Stockton reaches 1000-assist mark for NBA record 3 yrs in a row

NBA Point Guard John Stockton
NBA Point Guard
John Stockton
  • 1990 NY Rangers beat NY Islanders 2-1 in 1st game of preliminary

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1990 Paul Newman wins a court victory over Julius Gold, to keep giving all profits from Newman foods to charity

Actor & Entrepreneur Paul Newman
Actor & Entrepreneur
Paul Newman
  • 1991 Joe Dumaars (Detroit) ends NBA free throw streak of 62 games
  • 1991 Kitty Kelly publishes a book knocking Nancy Reagan
  • 1991 Southeast Airlines Embracer 120 crashes in Georgia, killing 23
  • 1991 Space Shuttle STS 37 (Atlantis 8) launched
  • 1991 US begins air drops to Kurd refugees in Northern Iraq
  • 1992 "Search & Destroy" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 46 performances
  • 1992 11th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Stanford beats Western Ky 78-62
  • 1992 4th Seniors Golf Tradition: Lee Trevino
  • 1992 Dana Lofland wins Las Vegas LPGA Golf International
  • 1992 Game 2 of Mayor Challenge - NY Yankees sweep NY Mets 6-5 at Shea

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1992 Peru's Pres Alberto Fujimori suspend constitution & dissolved Congress

President of Peru Alberto Fujimori
President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori
  • 1992 Thailand General Suchinda Kraprayoon installed as president

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1992 Wrestlemania VIII, 62,167 at Hoosier Dome, Hulk Hogan DQs Sid Justice

WWF Wrestler Hulk Hogan
WWF Wrestler
Hulk Hogan
  • 1992 Several hundred-thousand abortion rights demonstrators march in Washington, D.C.
  • 1993 55th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: NC beats Michigan 77-71
  • 1993 73,293 see Yankees beat Indians 9-1
  • 1993 Colorado Rockies 1st game - lose to NY Mets 3-0
  • 1993 Construction begins on Cleveland's Rock & Roll Hall of Fame
  • 1993 Florida Marlins 1st game - beat LA Dodgers 6-3
  • 1993 Republican Guard kills 64 in Chad
  • 1994 "Jackie Mason Politically Incorrect" opens at Golden NYC for 347 performances
  • 1994 Miami Heat beat NY Knicks ending 15 game NBA winning streak
  • 1996 John Bobbitt is put under house arrest in Las Vegas for 120 days

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1996 Marlon Brando makes anti-semetic remarks about hollywood on Larry King

  • 1997 Galileo, 3rd Ganymede Flyby (Orbit 7)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1997 Steve Irwin's "The Crocodile Hunter" debuts

Naturalist and TV Star Steve Irwin
Naturalist and TV Star
Steve Irwin
  • 1999 Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 are handed over for eventual trial in the Netherlands.
  • 2003 18th Soap Opera Digest Awards - General Hospital wins
  • 2003 156th Grand National: Barry Geraghty aboard Monty's Pass wins
  • 2004 66th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Georgia Tech 82-73
  • 2005 24th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Baylor beats Michigan State 84-62
  • 2008 161st Grand National: Timmy Murphy aboard Comply or Die wins
  • 2009 North Korea launches its controversial Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket. The satellite passed over mainland Japan, which prompted an immediate reaction from the United Nations Security Council, as well as participating states of Six-party talks

Music-awardsMusic Awards

2009 44th Academy of Country Music Awards: Carrie Underwood & Brad Paisley win

  • 2010 72nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Duke beats Butler 61-59
  • 2011 30th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Texas A&M beats Notre Dame 76-70
  • 2012 Severe storms in Argentina kill 14 people
  • 2012 77-year old pensioner's suicide outside Greek parliament prompts further protests in Athens
  • 2012 International internet group Anonymous hack several Chinese bureaus in opposition to censorship
  • 2013 Japan’s Nikkei 225 reaches its highest level in five years
  • 2013 60 people are killed in Nigeria after a bus collides with an oil tanker
  • 2014 167th Grand National: Leighton Aspell aboard Pineau de Re wins
  • 2015 Rolling Stone Magazine retracts its "Rape on Campus" story about a gang rape at the University of Virginia after being discredited
  • 2063 Earth's 1st contact with the extra-terrestrial Vulcan species in the Star Trek universe