Historical Events on 9th April

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

193 Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans).

Roman Emperor Septimius Severus
Roman Emperor
Septimius Severus
  • 475 Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position.
  • 715 Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1241 Battle of Liegnitz - Mongol armies defeat Poles & Germans
  • 1388 Battle of Näfels; Glarius Swiss defeat Habsburg (Austrian) army
  • 1413 Henry V is crowned King of England.
  • 1440 Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark.
  • 1454 Milan and Venice sign peace of Lodi
  • 1474 Breisach land guardian Peter von Hagenbach throws out Walloon/Italians
  • 1483 Edward V (aged 12) succeeds his father Edward IV as king of England. He was never crowned, and disappeared, presumed murdered, after incarceration in the Tower of London with his younger brother Richard (the "Princes in the Tower")
  • 1538 Danish king Christian III enters Schmalkaldische Union
  • 1555 Marcello Cervini elected Pope Marcellus II
  • 1609 Spain & Netherlands sign 12 Year Resistant Pact
  • 1621 Spain & Netherlands 12 Year Resistant Pact ends
  • 1667 1st public art exhibition (Palais-Royale, Paris)
  • 1682 Robert La Salle claims lower Mississippi (Louisiana) for France
  • 1691 French troops occupy Mons
  • 1731 British mariner Robert Jenkins' ear cut off by Spanish Guarde Costa in the Caribbean, later catalyst for war between Britain & Spain

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1768 John Hancock refuses to allow two British customs agents to go below deck of his ship, considered by some to be the first act of physical resistance to British authority in the colonies

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • 1783 Tippu Sahib drives out British from Bednore, India
  • 1808 Mayor Wolters offers French King Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace
  • 1814 Elias Canneman (L) resigns as minister of Finance of the Netherlands
  • 1816 African Methodist Episcopal Church organizes (Phila)
  • 1829 Danzig (Gdansk) dike break flood kills 1,200
  • 1833 1st tax-supported public library (Peterborough, NH)
  • 1838 UK National Gallery re-opens in its new dedicated building in Trafalgar Square, London
  • 1864 Battle of Pleasant Hill LA, 2870 casualities
  • 1864 Union surgeon Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy during US Civil War.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1865 US Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1866 Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson's veto

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1869 Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada
  • 1870 American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
  • 1872 Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • 1880 20th British Golf Open: Bob Ferguson shoots a 162 at Musselburgh Links
  • 1894 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 5th Symphony in B in Graz
  • 1906 3½th modern Olympic games opens in Athens (4/22 NS)
  • 1909 The US Congress pass the Payne-Aldrich bill, raising certain tariffs on goods entering the United States
  • 1912 1st exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs Harvard)
  • 1913 Brooklyn Dodger's Ebbets Field opens, Phillies win 1-0
  • 1914 "World, the Flesh & the Devil", 1st color film, shown in London
  • 1914 Tampico incident - US ship crew arrested in Mexico
  • 1914 US President W Wilson refuses to recognize Huerta as President of Mexico on the ground that he has not been elected by the people
  • 1916 The Libau sets sail from Germany with a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans; Captain Karl Spindler changes the name of the vessel to the Aud to avoid British detection
  • 1917 Battle of Arras begins
  • 1917 Vimy Ridge France stormed by Canadian troops
  • 1918 Latvia proclaims independence
  • 1923 Sean O'Casey's "Shadow of a Gunman" premieres in Dublin
  • 1923 In 'Adkins vs Children's Hospital', the US Supreme Court finds that the minimum wage law for women and children, adopted by the District of Columbia, is unconstitutional

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1925 Babe Ruth rushed to hospital

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1927 Italy & US anarchists Sacco & Vanzetti given death sentences
  • 1928 Eugene O'Neill's "Lazarus Laughed" premieres in Pasadena

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1928 Mae West's NYC debut in a daring new play "Diamond Lil"

Actress Mae West
Actress
Mae West
  • 1928 Top-Oss soccer team forms in Oss
  • 1928 Turkey passes separation of church & state
  • 1931 Chicago Cy Wentworth beats Mont Canadiens at 13:50 of 6th period
  • 1932 Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs sweep NY Rangers in 3 games
  • 1935 Stanley Cup: Montreal Maroons sweep Toronto Maple Leafs in 3 games
  • 1939 Marian Anderson sings before 75,000 at Lincoln Memorial
  • 1940 German cruiser Blucher torpedoed and capsizes in Oslofjord, 1,000 die
  • 1940 Germany invades Norway & Denmark during WW II (Denmark surrenders)
  • 1941 PGA establishes Golf Hall of Fame
  • 1942 Battle of Bataan; US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan
  • 1944 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae
  • 1945 Battleship Admiral Scheer sunk by RAF bombing in Kiel
  • 1945 Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360
  • 1945 NFL requires players to wear long stockings
  • 1945 World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, East Prussia, ends.
  • 1946 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1
  • 1947 Atomic Energy Commission confirmed

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1947 Baseball suspends Bkln Dodger Leo Durocher for 1 year

Baseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher
Baseball Player and Manager
Leo Durocher
  • 1947 Tornadoes striking West Texas & Oklahoma kill 169, injuring 1,300
  • 1948 Massacre at Deir Yassin.
  • 1949 UN Intl Court of Justice held Albania responsible for incidents in Corfu Channel & awards Britain damages
  • 1950 14th Masters Golf Tournament: Jimmy Demaret wins, shooting a 283
  • 1950 4th Tony Awards: Cocktail Party & South Pacific win

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1950 Bob Hope's 1st TV appearance

Entertainer Bob Hope
Entertainer
Bob Hope
  • 1952 Hugo Ballivian's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines
  • 1953 "TV Guide" publishes 1st issue
  • 1953 Warner Brothers premieres the first 3-D film, entitled House of Wax.
  • 1954 WECT TV channel 6 in Wilmington, NC (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 7th Cannes Film Festival: "Gate of Hell" directed by Teinosuke Kinugasa wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • 1955 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1957 Howard Hanson's "Song of Democracy" premieres in Wash DC

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson
  • 1957 Suez Canal cleared for all shipping
  • 1959 Balt Orioles pull their 2nd triple play (3-6-3 vs Wash Senators)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1959 Bill Sharman hits a NBA record 56 consecutive foul shot

NBA Guard Bill Sharman
NBA Guard
Bill Sharman
  • 1959 NASA names 1st 7 astronauts for Project Mercury
  • 1959 13th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics sweep Minn Lakers in 4 games Boston Celtics wins 8th straight title
  • 1960 14th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics beat St Louis Hawks, 4 games to 3
  • 1960 South African premier Verwoerd wounded in battle

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1962 26th Masters Golf Tournament: Arnold Palmer wins, shooting a 280

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1962 34th Academy Awards - "West Side Story", Sophia Loren & Maximillian Schell win

Actress Sophia Loren
Actress
Sophia Loren
  • 1962 JFK throws out 1st ball at Washington's new DC Stadium

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1963 Winston Churchill becomes 1st honorary US citizen

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1965 Beatles "Ticket to Ride" is released in UK

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1965 1st game at Astrodome, Houston beats Yankees 2-1 in exhibition as Mickey Mantle hits 1st indoor homerun

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • 1966 Anaheim Stadium for California Angels opens
  • 1967 "At the Drop of Another Hat" closes at Booth NYC after 105 performances
  • 1967 1st Boeing 737 rolls out
  • 1967 31st Masters Golf Tournament: Gay Brewer Jr wins, shooting a 280
  • 1967 Shortwave broadcaster Radio NY Worldwide's transmitter burns down
  • 1967 The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight.
  • 1968 German DR adopts constitution

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1968 Martin Luther King Jr., buried in Atlanta

Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1968 Minn's Wayne Connelly is 1st to score on a Stanley Cup penalty shot
  • 1968 Ralph Aberbathy elected to head So Christian Leadership Conference
  • 1969 1st flight of Concorde 002 (Filton-Bristol)
  • 1969 Chic Cub Billy Williams hits 4 consecutive doubles beat Phillies 11-3
  • 1971 Ringo releases "It Don't Come Easy" in UK
  • 1972 "Sugar" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 506 performances

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1972 36th Masters Golf Tournament: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 286

  • 1972 Glenn Turner (259) & Terry Jarvis make 387 opening cricket stand v WI
  • 1972 USSR & Iraq sign friendship treaty
  • 1973 37th Masters Golf Tournament: Tommy Aaron wins, shooting a 283
  • 1973 Netherlands recognizes North Vietnam
  • 1973 Otto Kerner, former governor of Illinois, convicted for his role in an illegal racetrack scheme

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1974 San Diego Padres owner Ray Kroc, addresses fans "Ladies & gentlemen, I suffer with you I've never seen such stupid baseball playing in my life"

McDonald's Entrepreneur Ray Kroc
McDonald's Entrepreneur
Ray Kroc
  • 1975 24 OECD members sign an agreement to establish a $25 billion lending facility to provide assistance to industrial nations hurt by high oil prices
  • 1976 US & Russia agreed on size of nuclear tests for peaceful use
  • 1977 Communist party in Spain allowed legally after 40 years

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1978 42nd Masters Golf Tournament: Gary Player wins, shooting a 277

Golfer Gary Player
Golfer
Gary Player
  • 1978 Brewers sweep Orioles 11-3, 16-3, & 13-5 (each with a grand slam)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1978 In separate NBA games Denver's David Thompson scores 73 points & San Antonio's George Gervin scores 63 points (33 in 1 quarter)

NBA Guard George Gervin
NBA Guard
George Gervin

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1979 51st Academy Awards - "The Deer Hunter", Jon Voight & Jane Fonda win

Actress Jane Fonda
Actress
Jane Fonda
  • 1980 Belgium's Marten's government resigns
  • 1980 Kings tie NHL rec with 2 shorthanded playoff goals in a pd vs Isles
  • 1980 Soyuz 35 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6
  • 1981 Irish hunger striker Bobby Sands wins a by-election to be elected as a Member of Parliament at Westminster; the law is later changed to prevent prisoners standing in elections
  • 1981 LA Dodgers Fernando Valenzuela's 1st start, beats Astros 2-0
  • 1981 US sub George Washington rams Japanese freighter Nisso Maru
  • 1982 LA Lakers block 21 Denver shots setting NBA regulation game record
  • 1983 6th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 1 returns to Earth

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1983 Caps 2-Isles 6 -Patrick Semis-Denis Potvin fails on penalty shot

NHL Star Denis Potvin
NHL Star
Denis Potvin
  • 1983 137th Grand National: Ben de Haan aboard Corbiere wins

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1984 56th Academy Awards - "Terms of Endearment", Robert Duvall & Shirley MacLaine win

  • 1985 White Sox pitcher Tom Seaver starts a record 15th opening day game
  • 1986 "Dallas" announces it will revive killed Bobby Ewing character

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1987 For 3rd time, Wayne Gretzky, scores 7 points (1 goal, 6 assists) in a Stanley Cup game and passes Jean Beliveau as all time playoff scoring champ

Ice Hockey Great Wayne Gretzky
Ice Hockey Great
Wayne Gretzky
  • 1988 "Les Miserables" opens at Umeda-Koma Theatre, Osaka
  • 1988 Devils 3-0 over Islanders-Devils lead 2-1 in 1st round
  • 1988 US imposes economic sanctions on Panama
  • 1988 142nd Grand National: Brendan Powell aboard Rhyme 'n' Reason wins

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1989 53rd Masters Golf Tournament: Nick Faldo wins, shooting a 283 after Scott Hoch chokes on an 18 inch putt

Golfer and Six-Time Major Championship Winner Nick Faldo
Golfer and Six-Time Major Championship Winner
Nick Faldo

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1989 Mike Tyson strikes a parking attendant when asked to move his car

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Mike Tyson
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Mike Tyson
  • 1989 Patti Rizzo wins LPGA Red Robin Kyocera Inamori Golf Classic

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1989 Rickey Henderson steals his 800th career base in NY's 4-3 loss to Clev

MLB Outfielder Rickey Henderson
MLB Outfielder
Rickey Henderson
  • 1989 Wash DC march supporting 1973 Roe vs Wade decision (allow abortions)
  • 1990 "Capital News" starring Lloyd Bridges premieres on ABC-TV
  • 1990 Don Mattingly signs a $19.7 million 5-year contract with Yankees
  • 1990 NY Islanders beat NY Rangers 4-3 in double overtime-Rangers lead 2-1
  • 1990 World's largest bunny hop at Radio City Music Hall (NYC)
  • 1991 Georgia SSR votes to secede from USSR
  • 1992 "Redwood Curtain" opens at Neiderlander theater on Broadway
  • 1992 Florida drops rape charges against NY Mets Gooden, Boston & Coleman
  • 1992 John Majors, (C) elected PM of England
  • 1992 Record 18 golfers shoot in 60s in Masters round 1 (old record 12)
  • 1992 US Fed court finds Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega guilty of 8 out of 10 drug and racketeering charges
  • 1992 William O Studeman, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1993 Colorado Rockies 1st home game & 1st victory, 11-4 over Mont Expos
  • 1994 BPAA US Open by Justin Hromek
  • 1994 STS-59 (Endeavour) launches into orbit
  • 1994 147th Grand National: Richard Dunwoody aboard Miinnehoma wins
  • 1995 "Translations" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 25 performances
  • 1995 59th Masters Golf Tournament: Ben Crenshaw wins, shooting a 274
  • 1997 Cleve Indians closer Jose Mesa found guilty of rape
  • 1997 Major League Soccer announces Miami & Chicago expansion
  • 1997 NFL announces it will give $3M to CFL & possible "World Classic Bowl"
  • 1999 Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, President of Niger, is assassinated.
  • 2000 64th Masters Golf Tournament: Vijay Singh wins, shooting a 278
  • 2000 53rd British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "American Beauty" Best Film, Pedro Almodovar Best Director

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2002 Funeral of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother at Westminster Abbey UK. More than a million people line the streets

Consort of George VI Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Consort of George VI
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
  • 2003 Baghdad falls to U.S. forces ending the invasion of Iraqi but resulting in widespread looting
  • 2005 158th Grand National: Ruby Walsh aboard Hedgehunter wins

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2006 70th Masters Golf Tournament: Phil Mickelson wins, shooting a 281

Golfer and Five-Time Major Championship Winner Phil Mickelson
Golfer and Five-Time Major Championship Winner
Phil Mickelson
  • 2011 A gunman murdered five people, injured eleven, and committed suicide in a mall in the Netherlands.
  • 2011 164th Grand National: Jason Maguire aboard Ballabriggs wins
  • 2012 "The Lion King" becomes highest grossing Broadway show after overtaking "The Phantom of the Opera"
  • 2013 12 civilians and UN peacekeepers are killed in an ambush in Jonglei, Sudan
  • 2013 37 people are killed and 850 are injured after a magnitude 6.1 earthquake strikes Iran
  • 2013 13 people are killed and 3 are injured from a shooting spree in Velika Ivanča, Serbia
  • 2013 The French Senate approves a bill for same-sex marriage
  • 2013 32nd NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Louisville 93-60
  • 2014 Stuart Parkin is awarded the Millennium Technology Prize for his work on magnetic storage