Historical Events on August 12

  • 3 Venus-Jupiter in conjunction-Star of Bethlehem
  • 1071 Alp Arslan beat Byzantines, emperor Romanos IV Diogenes
  • 1099 Battle at Ascalon: Godfried of Broth leading the Crusaders beats Egyptians Fatimid army
  • 1121 Battle of Didgori: the Georgian army under King David the Builder wins a decisive victory over the famous Seljuk commander Ilghazi
  • 1164 Battle of Harim: Nur ad-Din defeats the Crusader armies of the County of Tripoli and the Principality of Antioch.
  • 1323 Treaty of Nöteborg between Sweden and Novgorod (Russia) regulates the border for the first time
  • 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor; Scottish dynastic battle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1336 English King Edward III ends wool export to Flanders

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1480 Battle of Otranto - Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Christopher Columbus arrives in the Canary Islands on his first voyage to the New World

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1499 First engagement of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets
  • 1530 Florence surrenders for emperor Karel I
  • 1549 French troops conquer Ambleteuse, in the Pas-de-Calais, and kill all the English prisoners.
  • 1553 Pope Julius III orders confiscation & burning of Jewish Talmud
  • 1588 Commander of the English fleet Lord Howard of Effingham calls off chase of the Spanish Armada off coast of Scotland
  • 1588 Medemblik surrenders to Spanish army
  • 1658 1st American police force forms (New Amsterdam)
  • 1665 English fleet beat Dutch fleet
  • 1676 1st war between American colonists & Indians ends in New England
  • 1687 Charles of Lotharingen defeats Turkish leaders
  • 1687 Battle of Mohacs: Ottoman invaders of Hungary routed by forces of Holy Roman Emperor under Charles of Lorraine
  • 1759 Battle of Kunersdorf - Russian-Austrian army overpowers Prussians
  • 1793 The Rhône départment is created when the former département of Rhône-et-Loire was split into two: Rhône and Loire (Lêre).
  • 1812 Duke of Wellington's troops enter Madrid
  • 1813 Robert Southey is appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III
  • 1831 Dutch troops conquer Leuven
  • 1831 Netherlands & Belgium sign peace treaty
  • 1833 The town of Chicago is incorporated (population 350)
  • 1851 1st America's Cup - US schooner America beats British yacht Aurora after race around the Isle of Wight
  • 1851 American inventor Isaac Singer patents the sewing machine
  • 1856 Anthony Fass patents accordion
  • 1861 Skirmish at Texas - rebels are attacked by Apache Indians
  • 1862 Gen John Hunt Morgan & his raiders capture Gallatin, TX
  • 1863 1st cargo of lumber leaves Burrard Inlet (Vancouver, BC)
  • 1865 Joseph Lister performs 1st antiseptic surgery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 US President Andrew Johnson defies Congress suspending Secretary of War Edwin Stanton

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 Self-proclaimed Emperor Joshua Abraham Norton of the USA issues edict abolishing the Democratic and Republican parties

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton
  • 1876 Madeline (US) beats Countess Dufferin (Canada) in 4th America's Cup

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Thomas Edison invents the Edisonphone, a sound recording device

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • 1879 1st National Archery Association tournament (Chicago)
  • 1883 The last quagga (zebra subspecies) dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.
  • 1884 Bill Murdoch scores 1st Test Cricket double-century, 211 at The Oval
  • 1886 W G Grace made his highest Test Cricket score, v Aust, The Oval

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1888 Bertha, wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes 1st motor tour

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • 1896 Willem II soccer team forms in Tilburg
  • 1898 Hawaii is formally annexed to US
  • 1898 Peace protocol ends Spanish-American War, signed
  • 1901 Boer general Kritzinger driven out of Cape colony
  • 1903 The Japanese Minister to Russia presents a note to the Russian Government protesting against its failure to evacuate Manchuria
  • 1905 King Leopold II opens Antwerp Central Station

CommunicationModel T

1908 Henry Ford's company builds the first Model T car

  • 1914 France and Great Britian declare war on Austria-Hungary
  • 1914 Cavalry battle at Halen, Belgium ("Battle of the Silver Helmets")
  • 1914 German 16.5"/12" guns fires on forts round Liege
  • 1914 Russian troops take East-Prussia & occupy Marggrabowa
  • 1915 "Of Human Bondage" by William Somerset Maugham, published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Picasso, Max Jacob, Kisling, Ortiz & Paquerette photographed in Paris

Painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
  • 1918 WW I: Allies defeat Germans at the Battle of Amiens - the last great battle on the Western Front
  • 1920 Battle of Warsaw between Poland and Russia begins
  • 1922 Dedication of Frederick Douglas' home in Wash DC as national shrine
  • 1923 Dutch AR-leader Coair replaces De Geer as minister of finances
  • 1923 Enrico Tiraboschi is 1st to swim English Channel westward
  • 1925 KMA-AM in Shenandoah IA begins radio transmissions
  • 1925 The first cast of Alpha Psi Omega, drawn from The Masquers of Fairmont College, West Virginia, is initiated.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 "Wings", the only silent film to win an Oscar for best picture, opens starring Clara Bow (Outstanding Picture 1929)

Silent Screen Actress Clara Bow
Silent Screen Actress
Clara Bow
  • 1928 9th Olympic Games close in Amsterdam
  • 1931 Yangtzee River floods after heavy rain crumbles dikes in China
  • 1933 Cuban dictator Machado y Morales flees after military coup

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Babe Ruth's final game at Fenway Park, 41,766 on hand

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1935 49th U.S. Women's National Championship: Helen Jacobs beats Sarah Palfrey Cooke (6-2, 6-4)
  • 1936 120°F (49°C), Seymour, Texas (state record)
  • 1936 Demo baseball game at 1936 Olympics in Berlin, world beats US, 6-5
  • 1936 Diver Marjorie Gestring is youngest Olympic gold medalist (13y 268d)
  • 1940 Luftwaffe bombs British radar stations, loses 31 aircraft
  • 1940 Netherlands starts rationing textiles
  • 1941 French Marshal Henri Petain gave full support to Nazi Germany

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1942 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Moscow, meets Stalin

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • 1942 German 1st tank leader captures Elista, Kalmukkensteppe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Lt General Bernard Montgomery arrives in Cairo

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1943 Alleged date of the first Philadelphia Experiment test on United States Navy ship USS Eldridge.
  • 1944 Churchill & Tito meet in Naples
  • 1944 Pipeline under ocean (Pluto) begins operating
  • 1944 Waffen SS troops massacre 560 people in Sant'Anna di Stazzema.
  • 1948 Cleveland Indians get 29 hits in a 9 inning game
  • 1948 Court of justice sentences General Friedrich Christiansen, commander of the German Wehrmacht in the Netherlands, to 12 years imprisonment
  • 1949 16th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Philadelphia 38, All-Stars 0 (93,780)
  • 1950 NY Giants (NFL) beat Ottawa Roughriders (CFL) 20-6 in Ottawa
  • 1950 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Humani generis
  • 1951 Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA World Golf Championship
  • 1952 Hussain ibn Talal proclaimed King of Jordan
  • 1953 Ann Davison arrives in Miami in her 23 foot boat Felicity Ann, becoming the 1st woman to sail solo across the Atlantic
  • 1953 Heavy earthquake strikes the Ionian islands, 435 killed
  • 1953 Soviet Union conducts secret test of its 1st hydrogen bomb
  • 1954 Senator Eddie Yost draws his 100th walk for 5th year in a row
  • 1955 22nd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 30, Cleveland 27 (75,000)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 US President Eisenhower raises minimum wage from 75 cents to $1 an hour

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1955 WPBT TV channel 2 in Miami, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 KOTI TV channel 2 in Klamath Falls, OR (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Marlene Bauer Hagge wins LPGA World Golf Championship
  • 1959 1st ship firing of a Polaris missile, Observation Island
  • 1959 Progressive Party under John Steytler forms in South Africa
  • 1960 27th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Baltimore 32, All-Stars 7 (70,000)
  • 1960 Echo 1, 1st communications satellite, is launched
  • 1960 Ralph Boston of US, sets then long jump record at 8.21m
  • 1960 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to an altitude of 41,600 m
  • 1962 1st time 2 people in space
  • 1962 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Heart of America Golf Tournament
  • 1962 Russia launches Vostok 4, Pavel Popovich, who lands safely Aug 15
  • 1963 Portuguese dictator Salazar firm on African colonization

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Stan Musial announces he will retire at end of year

MLB Legend Stan Musial
MLB Legend
Stan Musial
  • 1964 10th time Mantle switch-hits HR in a game, one goes 502 feet

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1964 Mickey Mantle switch-hits HR record 10th & final time in a game

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • 1964 Race riot in Elizabeth, NJ
  • 1965 Dame Elizabeth Lane becomes first female English High Court judge
  • 1965 Milwaukee Brewers Baseball Club, Inc applies for a NL franchise
  • 1965 Race riot in West Side of Chicago
  • 1967 New Orleans Saints 1st pre-season victory, beat St Louis 23-14
  • 1969 Boston Celtics sold for an NBA record $6 million
  • 1969 Battle of the Bogside: RUC officers, backed by loyalists, entered the nationalist Bogside in armoured cars and tried to suppress the riot by using CS gas, water cannon and eventually firearms; the almost continuous rioting lasted for two days
  • 1970 Curt Flood loses his $41 million antitrust suit against baseball
  • 1971 Syrian Pres Assad drops diplomatic relations with Jordan
  • 1972 "Funny Thing Happened..." closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 156 performances
  • 1972 "Oh! Calcutta!" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 1316 performances
  • 1972 Ian & Greg Chappell both scores centuries in same Test Cricket innings
  • 1972 Last American combat ground troops leave Vietnam

Sport awardGolf Major

1973 55th PGA Championship: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 277 at Canterbury Cleve

  • 1973 Betty Burfeindt wins LPGA Child & Family Service Golf Opens
  • 1973 WPBA National Championship won by Betty Morris

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1974 Nolan Ryan strikes out 19 & walks only 2 as Angels top Red Sox, 4-2

MLB Pitching Legend Nolan Ryan
MLB Pitching Legend
Nolan Ryan
  • 1974 Yankees Mickey Mantle & Whitey Ford become 1st team mates inducted to hall of fame on same day
  • 1976 1st approach & lands test (ALT) of orbiter Enterprise
  • 1976 Christian militia conquer Palestinian camp Tell al-Za'tar, 2000 killed
  • 1977 For 2nd straight day, Oakland's Manny Sanguillen foils a no-hit bid
  • 1977 High Energy Astronomy Observatory {HEAO] 1 launched into Earth's orbit by NASA
  • 1977 Space shuttle Enterprise makes 1st atmospheric flight
  • 1978 Arron Marshall completes a record shower of 336 hours
  • 1978 China & Japan sign peace treaty
  • 1978 International Cometary Explorer (ICE) spacecraft launched - to study solar wind
  • 1978 11th Commonwealth Games close in Edmonton, Canada
  • 1979 "Whoopee!" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 204 performances
  • 1979 Iranian press censors start massive book burnings
  • 1979 Judy wins LPGA WUI Golf Classic Rankin
  • 1980 Signature of the Montevideo Treaty establishing the Latin American Integration Association.
  • 1981 IBM introduces its first Personal Computer (PC & PC-DOS version 1.0)
  • 1981 Jon Erikson (US) becomes 1st to triple cross English Channel (38:27)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 General Manuel A Noriega becomes commander of Panamanian army

Panamanian General and Dictator Manuel Noriega
Panamanian General and Dictator
Manuel Noriega
  • 1984 23rd Olympic games close at Los Angeles, Calif
  • 1984 Braves beat Padres 5-3, features 2 brawls & 19 ejections
  • 1984 Harmon Killebrew, Rick Ferrell, Don Drysdale, Pee Wee Reese, & Luis Aparicio inducted into Hall of Fame
  • 1984 Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Henredon Golf Classic
  • 1985 Balt Orioles W Gross & L Sheets are 6th to hit consecutive pinch HRs
  • 1985 Japanese Boeing 747SR crashes, 520 die (worst in-flight toll)
  • 1986 Don Baylor gets hits by a pitch for a record 25th time in a season
  • 1986 Red Sox pitcher Tim Lollar gets a pinch-hit single
  • 1986 Iran fires missile at refinery near Baghdad; Iraq raids Iranian terminal at Sirri Island severely disrupting Iranian exports
  • 1987 Charles Cole climbs 870'Tyrolean Traverse from top of Elephant Rock
  • 1988 Movie "Last Temptation of Christ" is released

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Nelson Mandela is treated for tuberculosis at hospital

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1988 Boston Red Sox beat Tigers 9-4 for AL record 23rd consecutive win at home
  • 1988 Richard Thornburgh becomes US Attorney General
  • 1990 12th annual Macy's Tap-o-mania

Sport awardGolf Major

1990 72nd PGA Championship: Wayne Grady shoots a 282 at Shoal Creek Ala

Golfer and PGA Champion Wayne Grady
Golfer and PGA Champion
Wayne Grady
  • 1990 Cathy Gerring wins Stratton Mountain LPGA Golf Classic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein says he is ready to resolve Gulf crisis if Israel withdraws from occupied territories

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein
  • 1991 Creditors vote to support Greyhound Bus reorganization plan
  • 1991 Last day in Test Cricket for Viv Richards, Dujon & Marshall
  • 1992 Canada, Mexico, and the United States announce completion of negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
  • 1993 Pope John Paul II begins visit of US
  • 1994 1st NFL game on Fox network (exhibition - SF vs Denver)
  • 1994 Members of the Major League Baseball Players Association strike
  • 1994 Panic in church of Brazzaville: 142 killed
  • 1994 Stephen G Breyer, sworn in as Supreme Court Justice
  • 1995 Lara completes 6th Test Cricket century, 152 at Trent Bridge
  • 1996 "Breakfast on Fox" premieres

Music releaseMusic Recording

1999 Shakira records her first live album in New York City, titled "MTV Unplugged"

Singer Shakira
  • 2000 The Oscar class submarine K-141 Kursk of the Russian Navy explodes and sinks in the Barents Sea during a military exercise.
  • 2001 8th World Championships in Athletics close at Edmonton, Canada
  • 2004 New Jersey Gov. James McGreevey comes out publicly as a gay man.
  • 2005 Sri Lanka's foreign minister, Lakshman Kadirgamar, is fatally shot by an LTTE (Tamil Tigers) sniper at his home.
  • 2005 An F2 tornado strikes the coal mining town of Wright, Wyoming, destroying nearly 100 homes and killing two people.
  • 2005 Civil unrest provoked in the Maldives
  • 2005 An F1 tornado strikes Glen Cove, New York, a rare event on Long Island
  • 2007 Bulk carrier M/V New Flame collides with oil tanker Torm Gertrud at the southernmost tip of Gibraltar, ending up partially submerged.

Sport awardGolf Major

2007 89th PGA Championship: Tiger Woods shoots a 272 at Southern Hills Country Club

Golfer Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
  • 2012 94th PGA Championship: Rory McIlroy shoots a 275 at Kiawah Island Golf Resort
  • 2012 30th Olympic Games closes at London, United Kingdom
  • 2013 8 people are killed and 25 are injured in a suicide bomb attack in Balad, Iraq
  • 2013 30 people are killed by gunmen in northeast Nigeria
  • 2013 Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta is elected President of Mali

MurderMurder of Interest

2013 Whitey Bulger is found guilty on 31 of 32 counts, and is found to have been involved in 11 murders

Gangster Whitey Bulger
Whitey Bulger
  • 2014 Ebola outbreak death toll exceeds 1000
  • 2014 World Health Organization (WHO) gives its 'cautious blessing' to the use of experimental drugs to treat the Ebola virus
  • 2015 In London archaeologists discover a mass grave of 30 bodies from the 1665 plague
  • 2015 Large series of explosions in Tianjin, China leave at least 50 dead and 700 injured in an industrial accident
  • 2015 China cuts its currency the yuan for the 2nd day in a row to boast exports

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Former US President Jimmy Carter reveals that he has cancer

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 2016 Cannes becomes first French resort to ban the burkini