Historical Events on August 15

Events 1 - 200 of 212

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

778 Battle of Roncevaux Pass: Roland, commander of the rearguard of Charlemagne's army is defeated by the Basques

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
  • 927 The Saracens conquer and destroy Taranto.

BattleBattle of Interest

1040 King Duncan I of Scotland killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth (not murdered in his sleep as in Shakespeare's play). The latter does succeed him as King.

King of Scotland Macbeth
King of Scotland
  • 1185 The cave city of Vardzia is consecrated by Queen Tamar of Georgia.
  • 1248 Construction of Cologne Cathedral begun
  • 1308 Knights of St John conquer Rhodes
  • 1457 Earliest dated book, "Mainz Psalter," completed
  • 1461 Empire of Trebizond surrenders to forces of Sultan Mehmet II - last Byzantine Empire remnant to fall. Emperor David exiled and later murdered.
  • 1517 Seven Portuguese armed vessels led by Fernão Pires de Andrade meet Chinese officials at the Pearl River estuary.
  • 1519 Panama City founded by Spanish conquistador Pedro Arias Dávila
  • 1534 Ignatius of Loyola forms society of Jesus/Jesuits
  • 1537 Asunción, Paraguay, is founded.
  • 1540 Arequipa, Peru, is founded.
  • 1548 Mary Queen of Scotland arrives in France, aged 6.
  • 1549 Jesuit priest Saint Francis Xavier comes ashore at Kagoshima (Traditional Japanese date: July 22, 1549).
  • 1599 Nine Years War: Battle of Curlew Pass - Irish forces led by Hugh Roe O'Donnell successfully ambush English forces, led by Sir Conyers Clifford, sent to relieve Collooney Castle.
  • 1620 Mayflower sets sail from Southampton, England, with 102 Pilgrims
  • 1635 1st recorded north American hurricane hit the Plymouth Colony
  • 1653 -16] Dutch ship "Sperwer" stranded at Tsjedzjoe Korea
  • 1658 France/Sweden/Bavarian/Brunswick/Munster/Hessen-Kassel form Confederation of the Rhine
  • 1668 Confederation of the Rhine disbands
  • 1684 Spain & Germany sign cease fire with France
  • 1741 French troops attack the Rhine
  • 1748 United Lutheran Church the American colonies organized
  • 1760 Battle at Leignitz: Prussia beats Austria & Russia
  • 1785 French cardinal De Rohan arrested
  • 1795 Joseph Haydn leaves England forever
  • 1824 Freed American slaves establish Liberia on the West African coast through the American Colonization Society (ACS)
  • 1832 Gregory XVI encyclical On liberalism & religious indifferentism
  • 1843 National black convention meets (Buffalo NY)
  • 1843 Tivoli Gardens amusement park opens in Copenhagen, world's 2nd oldest
  • 1848 M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair
  • 1858 Regular mail to Pacific coast begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Abraham Lincoln orders reinforcements be sent to Missouri

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1863 Submarine "HL Hunley" arrives in Charleston on railroad cars
  • 1863 The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863).
  • 1864 Off New England coast, CSS Tallahassee captures 6 yankee schooners
  • 1865 Battle of Lone Jack, Missouri
  • 1867 The Representation of the People Act (1867) extends suffrage in the UK
  • 1869 The Meiji government in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto.
  • 1870 Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado
  • 1876 US law removes Indians from Black Hills after gold find
  • 1886 Guy Hecker scores 7 runs in 1 game
  • 1891 San Sebastian Church in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1892 4th & last British government of William Gladstone forms

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • 1893 US no longer allowed exclusive rights in Bering Sea
  • 1899 Louisville's Henry Dowling struck out 5 times in a game
  • 1900 The Boxer Rebellion: In China, the Empress, her family and court retainers flee while foreign troops move through Peking in an attempt to quell the rebellion
  • 1900 Russian troops advance further unto Manchuria
  • 1901 Arch Rock, a danger to San Francisco Bay shipping, blasted with 30 tons of nitro
  • 1901 Great Britain issues a proclamation calling on the Boers to surrender by 15 September or face banishment and confiscation of their property
  • 1903 New Zealand's All Blacks play their first Rugby Test Match against Australia's Wallabies at the Sydney Cricket Ground in Sydney; New Zealand win 22-3
  • 1905 Philadelphia A's Rube Waddell no-hits St Louis Browns, 2-0 in 5 innings
  • 1906 1st freight delivery tunnel system begins, underneath Chicago

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits German Emperor Wilhelm II to discuss the escalating rivalry between their nations' naval forces

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1911 Procter & Gamble unveils its Crisco shortening
  • 1912 Yankee Guy Zinn sets record by stealing home twice in a game
  • 1914 13th Davis Cup: Australasia beats USA in New York (3-2)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Dinant, Belgium, destroyed by German bombs. Lt Charles de Gaulle (24), injured

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1914 Japan joins side of allies
  • 1914 Panama Canal opens (under cost)

MurderMurder of Interest

1914 A male servant of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright sets fire to the living quarters of the architect's Wisconsin home, Taliesin, murders seven people and burns the living quarters to the ground.

  • 1914 The first large public gathering of Boers in South Africa who do not want to support Britain in a war against Germany; British authorities will try to repress this movement, but discontent spreads

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan, in a letter to J P Morgan, declares that loans to any of the belligerents go against US neutrality

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • 1915 Journalist Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, convicted of murder in Georgia
  • 1918 1st full length cartoon (Sinking of Lusitania)
  • 1920 With the strategic help of the French, Polish troops defeat the Soviets at the Battle of Warsaw (Miracle upon the Vistula)
  • 1923 Eamon de Valera arrested in Irish Free State
  • 1923 Mexico & US reaches accord over oil concession of 1917
  • 1925 Norway annexes Spitsbergen
  • 1925 White Sox Dickie Kerr, 1st appearance since winning 2 world series games in 1919
  • 1931 Ernest Lassy completes longest canoe journey without port (6,102 mi)
  • 1931 Roy Wilkins joined NAACP as asst secretary
  • 1931 Spakenburg soccer team forms
  • 1939 First night game at baseball's Comiskey Park, Sox beat Browns 5-2
  • 1939 13 Stukas dive into the ground during a disastrous air-practice at Neuhammer. No survivors.

Film release premierFilm Premier

1939 "The Wizard of Oz", premieres at Grauman's Chinese Theatre, Hollywood, starring Judy Garland (Dorothy), Ray Bolger (Scarecrow), Jack Haley (Tin Man), Bert Lahr (Cowardly Lion), Frank Morgan (Wizard), Billie Burke (Glinda), and Margaret Hamilton (Wicked Witch)

  • 1940 1st edition of Jewish Weekly newspaper in Amsterdam (under Nazis)
  • 1940 Heavy dogfights above England: 75 German aircraft damaged
  • 1941 Kovono Lithuanian Jews are herded into Slobodka ghetto
  • 1942 5 hostages executed by Nazis in St-Michielsgestel
  • 1943 Allies land on Kiska Aleutians
  • 1944 Allied air raid on train in North Netherlands, 32 killed
  • 1944 German field marshal Günther von Kluge vanishes for one day; he killed himself on the 19th in the aftermath of the attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler
  • 1944 Operation Anvil: Allies land on French Mediterranean sea coast
  • 1944 Operation Dragoon: Allied troops land in Provence
  • 1944 US 12 Army corps enters Le Mans through Orleans
  • 1944 US 7th Armour division reaches Chartres
  • 1945 A riot ensued in SF while the city was celebrating the end of WW II
  • 1945 US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends
  • 1945 Chandler sells World Series radio rights for $150,000 to Gillette, Ford had been World Series sponsor since 1934, pay $100,000 annually
  • 1945 World War II: Korean Liberation Day.

Victory in battleVictory over Japan Day

1945 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)

  • 1947 India gains independence from Great Britain, remains a dominion until 1950
  • 1948 3rd US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Babe Didrikson-Zaharias
  • 1948 Republic of Korea (South Korea) proclaimed (National Day)
  • 1949 WOTV TV channel 8 in Grand Rapids, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1950 8.6 earthquake in India kills 20,000 to 30,000

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1950 Ezzard Charles TKOs Freddie Beshore in 14 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Ezzard Charles
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Ezzard Charles
  • 1950 Indians make their 1st triple play at Cleveland Stadium
  • 1950 Joseph Pholien becomes Belgian premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Sukarno proclaims the unitary Republic of Indonesia and becomes its 1st President

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1950 Rotterdam dock strike begins
  • 1950 Srikakulam district is formed in Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • 1952 19th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Los Angeles 10, All-Stars 7 (88,316)
  • 1952 9 inches of rain fall creates a 20 ft wave in Lynmouth, England, killing 34
  • 1954 Alfredo Stroessner names himself president of Paraguay
  • 1954 WCHS TV channel 8 in Charleston-Huntington, WV (ABC) begins
  • 1955 WXEX TV channel 8 in Richmond-Petersburg, VA (ABC) begins
  • 1955 Hurricane Connie dissipates after killing 43 in NC, SC, Virginia & Maryland
  • 1957 David Simons reaches 30,942 m in Man High 2 balloon
  • 1957 USAF Capt Joe B Jordan reaches 31,513 m in F-104 jet fighter
  • 1958 25th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 35, Detroit 19 (70,000)
  • 1958 Soviet Marshal Bulganin resigns as director of State Bank
  • 1960 CFL's Calgary Stampeders move into McMahon Stadium
  • 1960 Chicago Bears beat NY Giants 16-7 in Toronto (NFL expo)
  • 1960 Congo (formerly Congo/Brazzaville) declares Independence from France
  • 1960 Mil Brave Lew Burdette no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 1-0
  • 1960 UFO is sighted by 3 California patrolmen
  • 1961 Keiyo Road is specified as the first driveway in Japan.
  • 1962 Netherlands & Indonesia sign accord over New Guinea
  • 1962 Shady Grove Baptist Church burned in Leesburg, Georgia
  • 1963 Fulbert Youlou resigns as President of Congo-Brazzaville
  • 1964 Fred Trueman takes 300th Test Cricket wicket (Neil Hawke)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Mayor Daley declares "Ernie Banks Day" in Chicago

MLB shortstop Ernie Banks
MLB shortstop
Ernie Banks
  • 1964 Phillies triple-play NY Mets
  • 1964 Race riot in Dixmoor (Chicago suburb) Ill
  • 1964 Ralph Boston of US, sets then long jump record at 27' 3½"
  • 1965 47th PGA Championship: Dave Marr shoots a 280 at Laurel Valley GC PA
  • 1965 Beatles play to 55,000 at Shea Stadium
  • 1965 Mary Mills wins LPGA St Louis Golf Open
  • 1965 Japanese community of SF holds Masanori Murakami Day at Candlestick Park to honor 1st Japanese player to play in major leagues
  • 1966 Radio Free Asia (South Korea) begins radio transmission
  • 1967 Pope Paul VI publishes constitution Regimini Ecclesiae Universae
  • 1967 UK's Marine Offences Bill making pirate radio stations a crime goes into effect, pirate station Radio 355 closes down
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Free London begins transmitting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Romanian president Nicolae Ceausescu visits Prague

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR

Music concertWoodstock Music and Art Fair

1969 Woodstock Music & Art Fair opens in New York State on Max Yasgur's Dairy Farm

  • 1970 Patricia Palinkas becomes 1st woman pro football player (Orlando)
  • 1971 Bahrain gains independence from Britain
  • 1971 Charles Lismont wins Helsinki marathon (2:13:09.0)
  • 1971 KVRL (now KRIV) TV ch 26 in Houston, Texas (Fox) begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 US President Richard Nixon announces 90-day freeze on wages, prices & rents

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1971 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Len Immke Buick Golf Open
  • 1971 The Social Democratic and Labour Party announce a campaign of civil disobedience in response to the introduction of Internment in Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Black September kills 3 and wounds 55 in Athens
  • 1973 David Storey's "Cromwell" premieres in London
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1974 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1974 Hurricane/floods ravage Bangladesh, 4,000 killed
  • 1974 Longest team (6) trampoline bouncing marathon (1,248 hours or 52 days)
  • 1974 South Korean President Park Chung-Hee escapes assassination
  • 1975 Bangladesh military coup under Khondakar Moustaque Ahmed
  • 1975 Joanne Little acquitted of murder charges
  • 1975 Miki Takeo makes the first official pilgrimage to Yasukuni Shrine by an incumbent prime minister on the anniversary of the end of World War II.
  • 1976 Jane Blalock wins LPGA Wheeling Golf Classic
  • 1977 England regain cricket Ashes by taking a 3-0 series lead over Aust
  • 1977 Herbert Kappler, head of Nazi police and security services in Rome during WWII, escapes from prison hospital in Rome
  • 1978 US House of Representatives approves (233-169), 39-month extension for ERA
  • 1979 Andrew Young resigns as US ambassador to the United Nations

Film release premierFilm Release

1979 "Apocalypse Now", directed by Francis Ford Coppola and starring Marlon Brando, Robert Duvall, and Martin Sheen, is released

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Ian Botham scores a century in 86 balls v Australia at Old Trafford

Cricketer Ian Botham
Ian Botham
  • 1981 Robin Leamy of US swims record 7.98 kph for 50 m
  • 1982 Beth Daniel wins LPGA WUI Golf Classic
  • 1982 Equatorial Guinea adopts constitution
  • 1983 Ramones guitarist Joey Ramone, beaten in fight-undergoes brain surgery
  • 1984 The PKK in Turkey starts a campaign of armed attacks upon the Turkish military
  • 1985 PW Botha gives the "Rubicon" Speech in Durban, South Africa, dissapointing many by refusing to consider immediate and major reforms in the country's apartheid system
  • 1985 First Iraqi air raid on Iran's main oil export terminal, Kharg Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 US President Ronald Reagan decides to support a replacement for Challenger

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1987 At Pan Am games in Indianapolis, USA & Cuba are tied with 2 outs in 9th, Ty Griffin HR, Cuba 1st loss in 20 years of Pan Am competition
  • 1988 "Ain't Misbehavin'" opens at Ambassador Theater NYC for 176 performances
  • 1988 At 4PM LILCO consumers used a record 3,813 megawatts
  • 1988 NYC begins $70 million program to rebuild 900 Bronx apartments
  • 1989 Frederik de Klerk becomes president of South Africa
  • 1989 Giorgio Lamberti swims world record 200m free style (1:46.69)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 In 2nd start since after cancer treatment, Giants Dave Dravecky breaks his pitching arm while throwing to Tim Raines

MLB Outfielder Tim Raines
MLB Outfielder
Tim Raines

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 51st PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Gary Player

Golfer Gary Player
Gary Player

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1990 Mark McGwire is 1st to hit 30 HRs in each of his 1st 4 seasons

MLB First Baseman Mark McGwire
MLB First Baseman
Mark McGwire
  • 1990 Phils Terry Mulholland no-hits Giants 6-0 (8th no hitter of 1990)
  • 1990 At least 150 people die in clashes between the African National Congress and Inkatha Freedom Party, South Africa
  • 1991 750,000 attend Paul Simon's free concert in Central Park
  • 1991 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1992 Colombo '92 closes in Genoa Italy
  • 1993 "Goodbye Girl" closes at Marquis Theater NYC after 188 performances
  • 1993 75th PGA Championship: Paul Azinger shoots a 272 at Inverness Club Oh
  • 1993 Cindy Schreyer wins LPGA Sun-Time Challenge Golf Tournament
  • 1993 NYC radio (WFAN) personality Don Imus' lung collapes for 2nd time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Nolan Ryan, 324th & final victory, Rangers 4, Indians 1

MLB Pitching Legend Nolan Ryan
MLB Pitching Legend
Nolan Ryan
  • 1993 Televangelist Robert Tilton announces he is divorcing Marte

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 South African President Nelson Mandela receives Anne Frank Penning

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1994 Terrorist Carlos the Jackal, captured in Khartoum Sudan
  • 1995 Keylee Sue Sanders, 18, of Kansas, crowned 13th Miss Teen USA
  • 1997 Dan Wilson hits Seattle Mariners 3,000th HR
  • 1997 Dow Jones drops 247.37 pts
  • 1997 LA Dodgers retire Tommy Lasorda's #2
  • 1998 Omagh bombing in Northern Ireland, the worst terrorist incident of The Troubles, kills 29 people and injures about 220
  • 1999 Beni Ounif massacre in Algeria; some 29 people are killed at a false roadblock near the Moroccan border, leading to temporary tensions with Morocco.

Sport awardGolf Major

1999 81st PGA Championship: Tiger Woods shoots a 277 at Medinah Country Club

Golfer Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods