Historical Events on August 21

  • 959 Erachus becomes bishop of Luik
  • 1192 Minamoto Yoritomo becomes Seii Tai Shōgun and the de facto ruler of Japan. (Traditional Japanese date: July 12, 1192)
  • 1321 160 Jews of Chincon France, burned at stake
  • 1541 Ottoman Turks under Suleiman the Magnificent capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom. Dominate central Hungary for 150 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1560 Tycho Brahe becomes interested in astronomy

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe
  • 1573 Spain begin siege of Alkmaar in the Netherlands
  • 1598 -22] Deed of Transfers proclaims Netherlands independence
  • 1673 Sea battle at Kijkduin: De Ruyter defeats English & French fleet
  • 1680 Pueblo Indians takes possession of Santa Fé from Spanish
  • 1689 Battle of Dunkeld fought in Scotland between supporters of King James VII of Scotland and troops of William of Orange
  • 1703 The Edirne Event: Turkish army removes Sultan Mustafa II, lessening the power of the sultans
  • 1718 Emperor Karel VI, Turkey & Venice sign peace treaty
  • 1760 The church (later cathedral) of "Our Lady of Candlemas of Mayagüez (Puerto Rico)" is founded, establishing the basis for the founding of the city.
  • 1772 King Gustav III of Sweden completes coup d'etat by adopting a new Constitution and installing himself as an enlightened despot - ends 50 years of parliamentary rule

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1808 Battle of Vimeiro: British and Portuguese forces led by General Arthur Wellesley defeat French force under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot near the village of Vimeiro, Portugal, the first Anglo-Portuguese victory of the Peninsular War.

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley
  • 1810 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France, is elected Crown Prince of Sweden by the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates.
  • 1821 Jarvis Island is discovered by the crew of the ship, Eliza Frances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1831 Nat Turner slave revolt kills 55 (Southampton County, Virginia)

Rebel Slave Nat Turner
Rebel Slave
Nat Turner
  • 1841 John Hampton patents venetian blind
  • 1842 The city of Hobart, Tasmania, is founded.
  • 1852 Tlingit Indians destroy Fort Selkirk, Yukon Territory.
  • 1856 America's first consul to Japan, Townsend Harris, arrives in Shimoda. (Traditional Japanese date: July 21, 1856)
  • 1858 1st Lincoln-Douglas debate (Illinois)
  • 1862 The Vienna Stadtpark opens its gates.
  • 1863 Raid at Lawrence KS by William Quantrill
  • 1864 BBT Charleston, SC [->DEC 31]
  • 1864 Battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia, ends after 2500 casualties
  • 1864 Battle of Grubbs Crossroads, KY
  • 1864 Battle of Summit Point, VA
  • 1864 Major Gen Nathan B Forrests assault on Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1878 American Bar Association organizes at Sarasota, NY
  • 1878 Edward Pooley completes record 8 stumpings in a cricket match
  • 1879 The Virgin Mary, along with St. Joseph and St. John the Evangelist, reportedly appears to the people of Knock, County Mayo, Ireland.
  • 1883 Providence shuts out Phillies 28-0
  • 1887 Mighty (Dan) Casey struck-out in a game with NY Giants
  • 1888 American inventor William Seward Burroughs patents the adding machine
  • 1891 Dutch Mackay government resigns
  • 1897 Oldsmobile begins operation as a General Motors Corp division
  • 1899 19th U.S. Men's National Championship: Malcolm Whitman beats J. Parmly Paret (6-1, 6-2, 3-6, 7-5)
  • 1900 20th U.S. Men's National Championship: Malcolm Whitman beats William Larned (6-4, 1-6, 6-2, 6-2)
  • 1901 Joe McGinnity, suspended from NL for punching & spitting on an umpire
  • 1911 "Mona Lisa" stolen from the Louvre by Vincenzo Perugia (Recovered in 1913)
  • 1912 Mr Carter-Cotton chosen 1st chancellor of Univ of British Columbia

Sport awardGolf Major

1914 20th US Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 290 at Midlothian CC Ill

Golfer Walter Hagen
Walter Hagen
  • 1914 Belgium: German troops occupy Tamines
  • 1914 French offensive in the Ardennen/Sambre
  • 1915 Italy declares war on Turkey in World War One
  • 1915 11th Australasian Championships: Gordon Lowe beats Horace Rice (4-6, 6-1, 6-1, 6-4)
  • 1916 Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, arrested by the British
  • 1920 3rd PGA Championship: Jock Hutchison at Flossmoor CC Flossmoor Ill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Curly Lambeau & Green Bay Football Club granted NFL franchise

NFL Head Coach Curly Lambeau
NFL Head Coach
Curly Lambeau
  • 1925 BV Emmen soccer team forms
  • 1926 -22] Uprising against Greek president/dictator Pangalos
  • 1926 White Sox Ted Lyons no hits Red Sox 6-0 in just 67 minutes at Fenway
  • 1927 4th Pan-African Congress meets (NYC)
  • 1929 Chicago Cardinals become 1st pro football team to train out of town
  • 1930 Prohibition of Wieringermeer finished

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1931 Babe Ruth hits his 600th HR, off George Blaeholder of Browns

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1932 Wes Ferrell is 1st to win 20 games in each of his 1st 4 seasons
  • 1936 Red Sox Wes Ferrell, walks off mound when he feels he did no get good feilding, Sox suspend him
  • 1938 Italy bars all Jewish teachers in Public & High School
  • 1942 Alpine hunters plant German flag on Elbroezgebergte, Kaukasus
  • 1942 Transport #22 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942 World War II: a Nazi flag is installed atop the Mount Elbrus.
  • 1943 Gromyko named USSR-ambassador in Washington
  • 1943 Japan leaves Aleutian Islands
  • 1944 Germans storm up Hill 262 (Mont Ormel) Normandy
  • 1944 Grieg/Work/Forest's musical "Song of Norway" premieres in NYC
  • 1944 Raid on Jewish childrens house in Secrétan/St-Mandé
  • 1944 US 12nd Army Corps occupies Sens
  • 1945 US President Harry Truman ends Lend-Lease program
  • 1947 1st Little League World Series Maynard Midgets of Williamsport PA win
  • 1948 Indians 47-inning scoreless streak broken by White Sox Aaron Robinson
  • 1949 Philadelphia fans cause A's to forfeit game when they riot over a trapped line drive by Rich Ashburn, Giants leading 4-2 in 9th declared winners
  • 1953 Baseball player reps Ralph Kiner (NL) & Allie Reynolds (AL) hire John Norman Lewis at $15,000 to give legal advice to players in negotiation
  • 1953 Marion Carl in Douglas Skyrocket reaches record 25,370 m
  • 1953 Sultan Sidi Mohammed Am Joessoef V of Morocco deposed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Emmett Till arrives in Money, Mississippi, a week before he is murdered

Murder Victim Emmett Till
Murder Victim
Emmett Till
  • 1956 WTVW TV channel 7 in Evansville, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 1st launching in Baikonur, Kazachstan (R7 "Semiorka"-rocket)
  • 1958 KUT-FM in Austin Texas begins radio transmissions
  • 1959 Hawaii becomes 50th US state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Kenyan political activist Jomo Kenyatta released from jail after 9 years. Imprisoned during 1952 Mau Mau rebellion with other nationalist leaders by British authorities

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • 1962 Verne Gagne beats Mister M (doctor X) in Minn, to become NWA champ
  • 1963 Jerry Lynch's record 15th pinch-hit HR gives Pirates a 7-6 win
  • 1963 Martial law declared in South Vietnam, following raids on Buddhist pagodas
  • 1965 Gemini 5 launched into Earth orbit (2 astronauts)
  • 1965 Romania adopts constitution
  • 1965 The Crusher beats Mad Dog Vachon in St Paul, to become NWA champ
  • 1966 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Women's Western Golf Open
  • 1967 China reports downing of 2 US bombers
  • 1967 Ken Harrelson becomes baseball's 1st free agent
  • 1967 Liquid gas tanker explodes in Martelange Belgium, 22 killed
  • 1967 Mikis Theodorakis arrested in Greece
  • 1968 After 5 years Russia once again jams Voice of America radio
  • 1968 Democratic Convention opens in Chicago, goes on to nominate Hubert Humphrey
  • 1968 Marine James Anderson Jr is 1st African American to win Medal of Honor
  • 1968 Radio Prague (Czechoslovakia) at 12:50 AM announces a Soviet led invasion
  • 1968 Warsaw Pact forces continue their invasion of Czechoslovakia to end the reform movement known as the Prague Spring
  • 1968 William Dana reaches 80 km (last high-altitude X-15 flight)
  • 1969 Fire in Al-Aksa-mosque in Jerusalem
  • 1970 The Social and Democratic Labour Party (SDLP) is established with Gerry Fitt as the first leader of the party
  • 1972 1st hot air balloon flight over Alps
  • 1972 British dock strike ends after dockers accept an amended Jones-Adlington Agreement
  • 1972 Grace Slick maced by police when a band official called cops, pigs
  • 1972 Republican convention opens in Miami Beach
  • 1972 US orbiting astronomy observatory Copernicus launched
  • 1972 33rd Venice Film Festival opens
  • 1975 3 truck pile up kills 10, injures 26 on French highway
  • 1975 Rick & Paul Reuschel become 1st brothers to pitch a combined shut out
  • 1975 US lightens trade embargo against Cuba
  • 1976 Al Bumbry hits 17th inside-the-park HR in Oriole history
  • 1976 Battle, East Sussex: Mary Langdon becomes 1st British firewoman
  • 1976 Operation Paul Bunyan at Panmunjeom, Korea.
  • 1977 Debbie Austin wins LPGA Wheeling Golf Classic
  • 1977 Donna Patterson Brice sets high speed water skiing rec (111.11 mph)
  • 1978 1st gay theme telefilm - Matlovich vs US Air Force
  • 1979 Mets win a protested game against Astros, 5-0
  • 1980 Linda Ronstadt opens in "Pirates of Penzance" on Broadway
  • 1982 Palestinian terrorists are dispersed from Beirut
  • 1982 Rollie Fingers (Brewers) becomes 1st pitcher to get save #300
  • 1983 "La Cage aux Folles" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 1761 performances
  • 1983 110°F (43°C) at Fayetteville, North Carolina (state record)
  • 1983 Joanne Carner wins LPGA Chevrolet World Championship of Women's Golf
  • 1985 Mary Decker Slaney runs mile in world record 4:16.71
  • 1985 NY Lotto pays $41 million to three winner (#s are 14-17-22-23-30-47)
  • 1986 "Rags" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 4 performances

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1986 Ian Botham takes world-record 356th Test Cricket wkt (v NZ, The Oval)

Cricketer Ian Botham
Ian Botham
  • 1986 Lake Nios Volcano in Cameroon kills 1,746
  • 1986 Red Sox Spike Owens scores 6 runs in a 24-5 rout of Cleve Indians
  • 1986 Surinames Ronnie Brunswijks Jungle commandos kill 2 government officials
  • 1986 Volcanic eruption in Cameroon releases poison gas, killing 2,000
  • 1986 With 2 outs in 6th inning, Red Sox score 11 runs
  • 1987 "Mack Lobell" set harness racing's trotting mil (1:52)
  • 1987 Clayton Lonetree, 1st US marine court-martialed for spying, convicted
  • 1987 Silke Horneer swims female world record 100m breaststroke (1:07.91)
  • 1988 Juli Inkster wins LPGA Atlantic City Golf Classic
  • 1989 Voyager 2 begins a flyby of planet Neptune

BattleCoup d'état

1991 Conservative coup in the Soviet Union is crushed by popular resistance led by Boris Yeltsin in three days

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • 1991 Latvia declares its independence from USSR
  • 1993 NASA loses contact with Mars Observer
  • 1994 -23] Typhoon Fred ravages Chinese county Zhejiang, 700+ killed
  • 1994 Ernesto Zedillo wins Mexican presidential election
  • 1994 Jane Geddes wins LPGA Chicago Golf Challenge
  • 1994 Royal Air Maroc ATR-42 crash down at Agadir, 44 killed
  • 1994 The last French troops pull out of Rwanda, ending their highly controversial mission there
  • 1995 US marshals move in on Randy Weaver's cabin in Idaho
  • 1995 Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 529 crashes near Carrollton, Georgia, killing 9 crew and passengers
  • 1996 "Hughie" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC
  • 1996 Christie Lee Woods, 18, of Texas, crowned 14th Miss Teen USA
  • 1996 Netscape Browser 3.0 is released
  • 1996 In Venezuela, a subsidiary of state-owned Petroleos de Venezuela (PdVSA), Corpoven, signs a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with U.S.-based ARCO
  • 1997 Typhoon Winnie kills 140, injures 3,000 in East China
  • 1997 US government forces closure of Hudson Foods due to E Coli break out
  • 1998 P.W. Botha found guilty of contempt for repeatedly ignoring subpoenas to testify before South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

Sport awardGolf Major

2000 82nd PGA Championship: Tiger Woods become the first golfer since Ben Hogan in 1953 to win 3 majors in a calendar year. He ties the to-par record for the PGA (-18) with Bob May, and wins in a playoff

Golfer Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
Golfer Ben Hogan
Ben Hogan
  • 2001 NATO decides to send a peace-keeping force to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
  • 2001 The Red Cross announces that a famine is striking Tajikistan, and calls for international financial aid for Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
  • 2007 Hurricane Dean makes its first landfall in Costa Maya, Mexico with winds at 165 mph. Dean is the first storm since Hurricane Andrew to make landfall as a Category 5.
  • 2012 20 people in the Democratic Republic of the Congo die from the Ebola virus
  • 2013 37 people are killed and 16 are injured in a bus crash near Chin Swee Temple, Malaysia
  • 2013 21 people are killed in flash floods in Qinghai province, China
  • 2014 Israeli airstrike in Rafah kills Mohammed Abu Shammala, Raed al Atar and Mohammed Barhoum - 3 of Hamas's top commanders
  • 2015 Terrorist attack on train between Amsterdam and Paris thwarted by 4 passengers overpowering gunman
  • 2015 Oldest "message in a bottle" - more than 108 years after put in sea by UK Marine Biological Association announced found on beach in Amrum, Germany
  • 2015 1st British unmanned drone hit on UK citizen outside a conflict - ISIS fighter Reyaad Khan in Raqqa, Syria
  • 2015 European Refugee Crisis: Germany makes it easier for Syrian refugees to claim asylum by suspending their Dublin Regulations
  • 2016 31st Summer Olympics closes at Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 2017 Next total solar eclipse visible from North America