Historical Events on 31st August

Events 1 - 200 of 205

  • 1056 Byzantine Empress Theodora becomes ill, dying suddenly a few days later, without children to succeed the throne, ending the Macedonian dynasty.
  • 1142 Possible date for establishment of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) League - with the aid of Hiawatha and Deganawidah
  • 1230 Bishop Willebrand of Utrecht grants Swells state justice
  • 1310 German king Heinrich VII makes his son Johan king of Bohemia
  • 1422 Henry VI, becomes King of England at the age of 9 months.
  • 1745 Jacobite Rising 1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie reaches Blair Castle, Scotland
  • 1751 British troops under Sir Robert Clive occupy Arcot, India
  • 1772 Hurricane destroy ships off Dominica
  • 1778 British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
  • 1829 Opera "Guillaume Tell" is produced (Paris)
  • 1836 HMS Beagle anchors in Postage Praia, Cape Verde Islands
  • 1842 Micah Rugg patents a nuts & bolts machine
  • 1842 US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress
  • 1843 Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate
  • 1850 California pioneers organized at Montgomery & Clay Streets
  • 1864 Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Jonesboro Georgia, 1900 casualties
  • 1876 Ottoman sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II.
  • 1881 1st US men's single tennis championships (Newport, RI)
  • 1886 1st major earthquake recorded in eastern US, at Charleston SC, 110 die
  • 1886 Crocker-Woolworth National Bank organized
  • 1887 Thomas A Edison patents Kinetoscope, (produces moving pictures)
  • 1889 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Cardboard Box" (BG)
  • 1891 11th U.S. Men's National Championship: Oliver Campbell beats Clarence Hobart (2-6, 7-5, 7-9, 6-1, 6-2)
  • 1894 Phillies Billy Hamilton steals 7 bases
  • 1894 The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act passed by Richard Seddon’s Liberal government, making New Zealand the first country in the world to outlaw strikes in favour of compulsory arbitration
  • 1895 1st pro football game (QB John Brallier paid $10 & won 12-0)
  • 1896 Louis Napoleon Parker's "Rosemary" premieres in NYC
  • 1897 General Kitchener occupies Berber, North of Khartoum

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1897 Thomas Edison patented his movie camera (Kinetograph)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1900 British troops over run Johannesburg
  • 1900 Dodgers' Brickyard Kennedy walks 6 straight Phillies
  • 1902 Split skirt 1st worn by Mrs Adolph Landeburg (horse rider)
  • 1903 Joe McGinnity wins his 3rd doubleheader of month
  • 1904 24th U.S. Men's National Championship: Holcombe Ward beats William Clothier (10-8, 6-4, 9-7)
  • 1905 Mbunga-rebellion takes German Fort Mahenge East-Africa
  • 1905 25th U.S. Men's National Championship: Beals Wright beats Holcombe Ward (6-2, 6-1, 11-9)
  • 1907 Britain & Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia & Tibet
  • 1907 Britain, Russia & France form Triple Entente
  • 1909 A J Reach Co patents cork-centered baseball
  • 1909 Thure Johnstown wins Stockholm marathon (2:40:34.2)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1910 Theodore Roosevelt makes a speech in Kansas advocating a 'square deal': property shall be 'the servant and not the master of the commonwealth'

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1911 Anthony Fokker's demonstrates aircraft "Snip"
  • 1913 Soccer club PSV forms in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • 1913 Massive protest rally on Sackville Street attacked by the Dublin Metropolitan Police; two strikers killed by the police
  • 1914 24.8 cm rainfall at Bloomingdale, Michigan (state record)
  • 1914 General von Kluck decides not to attack Paris
  • 1914 German troops reconquer Soldau/Neidenburg East-Prussia
  • 1914 Ecuador becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1915 Chicago White Sox Jimmy Lavender no-hits NY Giants, 2-0
  • 1915 Brazil becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1916 Oscar Asche's musical "Chu Chin Chow" premieres in London
  • 1917 In China, Sun Yat-sen and his supporters' 'rump' parliament establishes a military government and elects Sun Yat-sen as commander-in-Chief
  • 1918 Boston Red Sox, win earliest AL pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)
  • 1919 John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
  • 1919 Petlyura's Ukrainian Army kills 35 members of a Jewish defense group
  • 1919 Ukranian (Petlyura) Army recaptures Kiev
  • 1920 Belgium starts paying old age pensions
  • 1920 Detroit radio station is 1st to broadcast a news program on the air
  • 1923 League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1923 Mussolini's troops occupy Corfu

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1923 Mussolini orders the Greek Government to apologize for the deaths of an Italian general and his staff on the Greco-Albanian border

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1924 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:06.2)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1928 Brecht & Weils play " The Threepenny Opera " premieres
  • 1934 1st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chicago Bears 0, All-Stars 0 (79,432)
  • 1935 1st national skeet championship (Indianapolis)
  • 1935 Chicago White Sox Vern Kennedy no-hits Cleveland Indians, 5-0

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1935 FDR signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1935 Russian Aleksei Stachanov digs 6 hours, 105 tons of cabbages
  • 1937 Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for HRs of 18 HRs in August
  • 1938 5th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 28, Washington 16 (74,250)
  • 1939 Japanese invasion army driven out of Mongolia
  • 1939 Staged "Polish" assault on radio station in Gleiwitz
  • 1940 1st edition pf illegal opposition newspaper Free Netherlands
  • 1940 56 U-boats sunk this month (268,000 ton)
  • 1940 RAF Fighter Command loses 39 aircraft against Luftwaffe 41
  • 1940 German occupiers in Netherlands begin soap rationing
  • 1940 US National Guard assembles
  • 1941 23 U-boats sunk this month (80,000 ton)
  • 1941 Great Gildersleeve, a spin-off of Fibber McGee & Molly debuts on NBC
  • 1942 Battle at Alam Halfa: German & Italians assault
  • 1942 U boats sunk this month 108 ships (544,000 ton)
  • 1943 1st battle of Essex/new Yorktown: US assault on Marcus Island
  • 1943 Japanse occupiers intern Jewish Congregation of Sorabajo
  • 1944 Allied offensive at "Gothen-linie" Italy
  • 1944 French provisional government moves from Algiers to Paris
  • 1944 French troops liberate Bordeaux
  • 1944 Russian-Romanian troops march into Bucharest

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1945 The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies.

12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies
12th Australian Prime Minister
Robert Menzies
  • 1947 Hungarian communist party wins election
  • 1947 NY Giants set season record for HRs by a club 183 (en route to 221)
  • 1948 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates golden jubilee

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1950 Dodger Gil Hodges hits 4 HRs & a single in a game vs Braves

MLB First Baseman Gil Hodges
MLB First Baseman
Gil Hodges
  • 1951 1st 33 1/3 album introduced in Dusseldorf
  • 1953 KRBC TV channel 9 in Abilene, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 WKBG (now WLVI) TV channel 56 in Cambridge-Boston, MA (IND) begins
  • 1954 Hurricane Carol hits New England, 70 die, Costliest ever hurricane at the time and 1st storm name to be retired.
  • 1954 Indians beat Yanks 6-1 for record tying 26 wins in August (1931 A's)
  • 1954 WMTW TV channel 8 in Portland-Poland Spring, ME (ABC) begins
  • 1955 1st microwave TV station operated (Lufkin, Tx)
  • 1955 1st sun-powered automobile demonstrated, Chicago, Ill
  • 1955 KTRE TV channel 9 in Lufkin, TX (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 Federation of Malaya gains independence from Great Britain
  • 1959 48th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in New York (3-2)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1959 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Waterloo Golf Open

LPGA Golfer Betsy Rawls
LPGA Golfer
Betsy Rawls
  • 1959 Sandy Koufax breaks Dizzy Dean's NL mark of 18 strikeouts in a game
  • 1960 Agricultural Hall of Fame forms
  • 1961 Amsterdam National Ballet forms
  • 1962 Trinidad & Tobago gain independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1964 Ground is broken for Anaheim Stadium, future home of Angels
  • 1965 US House of Representatives and Senate establish Department of Housing & Urban Development
  • 1965 The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy Aircraft makes its first flight.
  • 1966 Referee Leo Horn whistles his last soccer match (Ajax-Bulgaria)
  • 1968 12,000 die in 7.8 quake destroys 60,000 buildings in NE Iran
  • 1968 68th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Bruce Fleisher

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1968 Private Eye magazine reports a John Lennon & Yoko Ono album will have a picture of them nude on cover

Artist & Musician Yoko Ono
Artist & Musician
Yoko Ono
  • 1968 Roy Face ties W Johnson's record of 802 pitching appearances with club
  • 1968 Verne Gagne beats Dick Beyers (Dr X) in Minn, to become NWA champ
  • 1968 Garfield Sobers becomes the first cricketer to hit 6 sixes in one over.
  • 1969 25,000 attend New Orleans Pop Festival
  • 1970 59th Davis Cup: USA beats Germany in Cleveland (5-0)
  • 1970 Lonnie McLucas, a Black Panther activist, convicted
  • 1970 Molukkers occupy Indonesian ambassador's home in Wassenaar
  • 1970 Peter Yarrow arrested for taking "immoral liberties" with girl, 14
  • 1970 WKMJ TV channel 68 in Louisville, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1971 Adrienne Beames runs female world record marathon (2:46:30)
  • 1971 An inquiry into allegations of brutality by the security forces against those interned without trial in Northern Ireland is announced
  • 1972 Lasse Viren runs Olympic/world record 10,000m (27:38.4)
  • 1972 Olga Korbut, USSR, wins olympic gold medal in gymnastics
  • 1973 1st heavyweight championship fight in Japan (Foreman beats Roman)
  • 1973 PBA National Championship Won by Earl Anthony
  • 1974 Pirate Radio Veronica moves into Scheveningen harbor

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1976 George Harrison found guilty of plagiarising "My Sweet Lord"

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
Singer-Songwriter
George Harrison
  • 1976 Mexican peso devalued
  • 1976 Trinidad & Tobago adopts constitution
  • 1976 Waldemar Cierpinski wins 18th Olympics Marathon (2:09:55.0)
  • 1977 Aleksandr Fedotov sets aircraft alt rec of 38.26 km (125,524')
  • 1977 Spyros Kyprianou appointed president of Cyprus
  • 1977 Ian Smith, espousing racial segregation, wins Rhodesian general election with 80% of overwhelmingly white electorate's vote
  • 1978 Constitution adopted by Sri Lanka
  • 1978 Emily & William Harris plead guilty to 1974 kidnapping of Patty Hearst
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 16 yr old Tracy Austin defeats 14 yr old Andrea Jaeger at US Open Tennis
  • 1979 Comet Howard-Koomur-Michels collides with Sun
  • 1979 Donald McHenry named to succeed Andrew Young as UN ambassador
  • 1979 Phillies replaces manager Danny Ozark with Dallas Green
  • 1980 "Oklahoma!" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 301 performances
  • 1980 80th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Hal Sutton
  • 1980 Poland's Solidarity trade union federations forms and is offically recognised by the Polish goverment
  • 1980 The Gdańsk Agreement is signed.
  • 1981 Dirk Wellham scores 103 on Test Cricket debut, v England at Lord's
  • 1981 Royals manager Jim Frey is fired & replaced by Dick Howser
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1983 Edwin Moses of USA sets 400m hurdle record (47.02) in Koblenz
  • 1983 40th Venice Film Festival: "First Name: Carmen" directed by Jean-Luc Godard wins Golden Lion
  • 1984 Pinklon Thomas beats Tim Witherspoon in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1985 "Prakas" sets trotting mile record of 1:53.4 at Du Quoin, Ill
  • 1985 Angel Cordero becomes 3rd jockey to ride horses earning over $100 M
  • 1985 Night Stalker suspect that terrorized California captured in East Los Angeles
  • 1986 Aeromexico DC-9 & small plane collide in LA, killing 82 (15 on the ground)
  • 1986 Russian cargo ship crashes into cruise ship Admiral Nakhimov; 398 die
  • 1987 Curtis Strange sets golf's earning for year record ($697,385)
  • 1987 Michael Jacskon's "Bad" video premieres on CBS TV
  • 1987 South Africa longest mine strike in history ends
  • 1988 5-day power blackout of downtown Seattle begins
  • 1988 Arbitrator George Nicolau rules owners conspired against free agents
  • 1988 Bomb attack on office of South Africa Council of Churches
  • 1989 Arbitrator T Roberts orders owners to pay $105 million for collusion
  • 1990 Dennis Eckersley saves his 40th game of the season
  • 1990 East & West Germany sign a treaty to join legal & political systems
  • 1990 Ken Griffey Sr & Jr are 1st father & son to play on same team each goes 1 for 4 for Seattle Mariners
  • 1991 Houston QB David Klingler sets NCAA record with 6 touchdown passes in the 2nd quarter as the Cougars clobbered Louisiana Tech 73-3
  • 1991 Richard J Kerr, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1991 Rockies bat out of order against Expos in 1st inning
  • 1991 William H Webster, ends term as 14th director of CIA
  • 1992 44th Emmy Awards: Northern Exposure, Christopher Lloyd & Dana Delane win
  • 1992 Dynamite explosion in Philipines mine; 500 die
  • 1992 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Cleveland OH on WNCX 98.5 FM
  • 1993 Minnesota Twins beat Cleve Indians 5-4 in 22 innings
  • 1993 Venezuela president Carlos Perez flees
  • 1993 HMS Mercury, the Royal Navy's communications training establishment, closes after 52 years in commission.
  • 1993 50th Venice Film Festival: "Short Cuts" directed by Robert Altman and "Three Colors: Blue" directed by Krzysztof Kieslowski jointly awarded Golden Lion
  • 1994 Last Russian soldiers leave Estonia & Latvia
  • 1994 Northern Ireland Sinn Fein proclaims ceases-fire
  • 1994 Pentium computer beats world chess champ Gari Kasparov
  • 1994 The Provisional Irish Republican Army declares a ceasefire.
  • 1997 "Gin Game" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 144 performances
  • 1997 Don Mattingly's #23 is retired by NY Yankees
  • 1997 Last episode of Rolanda airs
  • 1997 Scott Hoch wins Greater Milwaukee Golf Open with a 268
  • 1997 Diana, Princess of Wales, dies in a car crash in a road tunnel, Paris
  • 1998 North Korea reportedly launches Kwangmyongsong, its first satellite.
  • 1999 The first of a series of apartment bombings in Moscow, killing one person and wounding 40 others.
  • 1999 A LAPA Boeing 737-200 crashes during takeoff from Jorge Newbury Airport in Buenos Aires, killing 65, including 2 on the ground.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1999 Dino Ciccarelli retires from the NHL

NHL Star Dino Ciccarelli
NHL Star
Dino Ciccarelli
  • 2003 9th World Championships in Athletics close at Saint-Denis, France
  • 2005 A stampede on Al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad kills 1,199 people.
  • 2005 62nd Venice Film Festival: "Brokeback Mountain" directed by Ang Lee wins Golden Lion

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2006 Stolen on August 22, 2004, Edvard Munch's famous painting "The Scream" is recovered from a raid by Norwegian police. The painting was said to be in a better-than-expected condition.

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch

Music-awardsMusic Awards

2006 23rd MTV Video Music Awards: Panic! At the Disco, Kelly Clarkson & James Blunt win

  • 2011 68th Venice Film Festival: "Faust" directed by Alexander Sokurov wins Golden Lion