Historical Events on 31st August

Events 1 - 200 of 207

  • 1056 Byzantine Empress Theodora becomes ill, dying suddenly a few days later, without children to succeed the throne, ending the Macedonian dynasty
  • 1142 Possible date for establishment of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) League - with the aid of Hiawatha and Deganawidah
  • 1230 Bishop Willebrand of Utrecht grants Swells state justice
  • 1310 German king Heinrich VII makes his son Johan king of Bohemia
  • 1422 Henry VI becomes King of England at the age of 9 months.
  • 1745 Jacobite Rising 1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie reaches Blair Castle, Scotland
  • 1751 British troops under Sir Robert Clive occupy Arcot, India
  • 1772 Hurricane destroy ships off Dominica
  • 1778 British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
  • 1829 Opera "Guillaume Tell" is produced (Paris)
  • 1836 HMS Beagle anchors in Postage Praia, Cape Verde Islands
  • 1842 Micah Rugg patents a nuts & bolts machine
  • 1842 US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress
  • 1843 Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate
  • 1850 California pioneers organized at Montgomery & Clay Streets
  • 1864 Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Jonesboro Georgia, 1900 casualties
  • 1876 Ottoman sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II.
  • 1881 1st US men's single tennis championships (Newport, RI)
  • 1886 1st major earthquake recorded in eastern US, at Charleston SC, 110 die
  • 1886 Crocker-Woolworth National Bank organized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887 Thomas Edison patents Kinetoscope, a device which produces moving pictures

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1888 The body of Jack the Ripper's first victim, Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols, is found in Whitechapel , in London's East End.
  • 1889 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Cardboard Box" (BG)
  • 1891 11th U.S. Men's National Championship: Oliver Campbell beats Clarence Hobart (2-6, 7-5, 7-9, 6-1, 6-2)
  • 1894 Phillies Billy Hamilton steals 7 bases
  • 1894 The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act passed by Richard Seddon’s Liberal government, making New Zealand the first country in the world to outlaw strikes in favour of compulsory arbitration
  • 1895 1st pro football game (QB John Brallier paid $10 & won 12-0)
  • 1896 Louis Napoleon Parker's "Rosemary" premieres in NYC
  • 1897 General Kitchener occupies Berber, North of Khartoum
  • 1897 Thomas Edison patented his movie camera (Kinetograph)
  • 1900 British troops over run Johannesburg
  • 1900 Dodgers' Brickyard Kennedy walks 6 straight Phillies
  • 1902 Split skirt 1st worn by Mrs Adolph Landeburg (horse rider)
  • 1903 Joe McGinnity wins his 3rd doubleheader of month
  • 1904 24th U.S. Men's National Championship: Holcombe Ward beats William Clothier (10-8, 6-4, 9-7)
  • 1905 Mbunga rebellion takes German Fort Mahenge East Africa
  • 1905 25th U.S. Men's National Championship: Beals Wright beats Holcombe Ward (6-2, 6-1, 11-9)
  • 1907 Britain & Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia & Tibet
  • 1907 Britain, Russia & France form Triple Entente
  • 1909 A J Reach Co patents cork-centered baseball
  • 1909 Thure Johnstown wins Stockholm marathon (2:40:34.2)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 Theodore Roosevelt makes a speech in Kansas advocating a 'square deal': property shall be 'the servant and not the master of the commonwealth'

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1911 Anthony Fokker's demonstrates aircraft "Snip"
  • 1913 Soccer club PSV forms in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • 1913 Massive protest rally on Sackville Street attacked by the Dublin Metropolitan Police; two strikers killed by the police
  • 1914 24.8 cm rainfall at Bloomingdale, Michigan (state record)
  • 1914 General von Kluck decides not to attack Paris
  • 1914 German troops reconquer Soldau/Neidenburg East-Prussia
  • 1914 Ecuador becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1915 Chicago White Sox Jimmy Lavender no-hits NY Giants, 2-0
  • 1915 Brazil becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1916 Oscar Asche's musical "Chu Chin Chow" premieres in London
  • 1917 In China, Sun Yat-sen and his supporters' 'rump' parliament establishes a military government and elects Sun Yat-sen as commander-in-Chief
  • 1918 Boston Red Sox, win earliest AL pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)
  • 1919 John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
  • 1919 Petlyura's Ukrainian Army kills 35 members of a Jewish defense group
  • 1919 Ukranian (Petlyura) Army recaptures Kiev
  • 1920 Belgium starts paying old age pensions
  • 1920 Detroit radio station is 1st to broadcast a news program on the air
  • 1923 League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Italian troops occupy Corfu

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1923 Mussolini orders the Greek Government to apologize for the deaths of an Italian general and his staff on the Greco-Albanian border

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1924 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:06.2)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1928 Brecht & Weil's play " The Threepenny Opera " premieres
  • 1934 1st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chicago Bears 0, All-Stars 0 (79,432)
  • 1935 1st national skeet championship (Indianapolis)
  • 1935 Chicago White Sox Vern Kennedy no-hits Cleveland Indians, 5-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 FDR signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1935 Russian Aleksei Stachanov digs 105 tons of cabbages in 6 hours
  • 1937 Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for HRs of 18 HRs in August
  • 1938 5th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 28, Washington 16 (74,250)
  • 1939 Japanese invasion army driven out of Mongolia
  • 1939 Staged "Polish" assault on radio station in Gleiwitz
  • 1940 1st edition of illegal opposition newspaper Free Netherlands
  • 1940 56 U-boats sunk this month (268,000 ton)
  • 1940 RAF Fighter Command loses 39 aircraft against Luftwaffe's 41
  • 1940 German occupiers in Netherlands begin soap rationing
  • 1940 US National Guard assembles
  • 1941 23 U-boats sunk this month (80,000 ton)
  • 1941 Great Gildersleeve, a spin-off of Fibber McGee & Molly debuts on NBC
  • 1942 Battle at Alam Halfa: German & Italians assault
  • 1942 U-boats this month sank 108 ships (544,000 ton)
  • 1943 1st battle of Essex/new Yorktown: US assault on Marcus Island
  • 1943 Japanese occupiers intern Jewish Congregation of Sorabajo
  • 1944 Allied offensive at "Gothen-linie" Italy
  • 1944 French provisional government moves from Algiers to Paris
  • 1944 French troops liberate Bordeaux
  • 1944 Russian & Romanian troops march into Bucharest

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies

12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies
12th Australian Prime Minister
Robert Menzies
  • 1947 Hungarian communist party wins election
  • 1947 NY Giants set season record for HRs by a club 183 (en route to 221)
  • 1948 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates golden jubilee

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1950 Dodger Gil Hodges hits 4 HRs & a single in a game vs Braves

MLB First Baseman Gil Hodges
MLB First Baseman
Gil Hodges
  • 1951 1st 33 1/3 album introduced in Dusseldorf
  • 1953 KRBC TV channel 9 in Abilene, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 WKBG (now WLVI) TV channel 56 in Cambridge-Boston, MA (IND) begins
  • 1954 Hurricane Carol hits New England, 70 die, Costliest ever hurricane at the time and 1st storm name to be retired.
  • 1954 Indians beat Yanks 6-1 for record tying 26 wins in August (1931 A's)
  • 1954 WMTW TV channel 8 in Portland-Poland Spring, ME (ABC) begins
  • 1955 1st microwave TV station operated (Lufkin, Tx)
  • 1955 1st sun-powered automobile demonstrated, Chicago, Ill
  • 1955 KTRE TV channel 9 in Lufkin, TX (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Federation of Malaya gains independence from Great Britain

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • 1959 48th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in New York (3-2)
  • 1959 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Waterloo Golf Open
  • 1959 Sandy Koufax breaks Dizzy Dean's NL mark of 18 strikeouts in a game
  • 1960 Agricultural Hall of Fame forms
  • 1961 Amsterdam National Ballet forms
  • 1962 Trinidad & Tobago gain independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1964 Ground is broken for Anaheim Stadium, future home of Angels
  • 1965 US Congress establishes Department of Housing & Urban Development
  • 1965 The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy Aircraft makes its first flight.
  • 1966 Referee Leo Horn whistles his last soccer match (Ajax-Bulgaria)
  • 1968 12,000 die in 7.8 quake destroys 60,000 buildings in NE Iran
  • 1968 68th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Bruce Fleisher

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Private Eye magazine reports a John Lennon and Yoko Ono album will have a picture of them nude on cover

Artist & Musician Yoko Ono
Artist & Musician
Yoko Ono
  • 1968 Roy Face ties W Johnson's record of 802 pitching appearances with club
  • 1968 Verne Gagne beats Dick Beyers (Dr X) in Minn, to become NWA champ
  • 1968 Garfield Sobers becomes the first cricketer to hit 6 sixes in one over.
  • 1969 25,000 attend New Orleans Pop Festival
  • 1970 59th Davis Cup: USA beats Germany in Cleveland (5-0)
  • 1970 Lonnie McLucas, a Black Panther activist, convicted
  • 1970 Molukkers occupy Indonesian ambassador's home in Wassenaar
  • 1970 Peter Yarrow arrested for taking "immoral liberties" with girl, 14
  • 1970 WKMJ TV channel 68 in Louisville, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1971 Adrienne Beames runs female world record marathon (2:46:30)
  • 1971 An inquiry into allegations of brutality by the security forces against those interned without trial in Northern Ireland is announced
  • 1972 Lasse Viren runs Olympic/world record 10,000m (27:38.4)
  • 1972 Olga Korbut, USSR, wins olympic gold medal in gymnastics
  • 1973 1st heavyweight championship fight in Japan (Foreman beats Roman)
  • 1973 PBA National Championship Won by Earl Anthony
  • 1974 Pirate Radio Veronica moves into Scheveningen harbor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 George Harrison found guilty of plagiarising "My Sweet Lord"

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
Singer-Songwriter
George Harrison
  • 1976 Mexican peso devalued
  • 1976 Trinidad & Tobago adopts constitution
  • 1976 Waldemar Cierpinski wins 18th Olympics Marathon (2:09:55.0)
  • 1977 Aleksandr Fedotov sets aircraft alt rec of 38.26 km (125,524')
  • 1977 Spyros Kyprianou appointed president of Cyprus
  • 1977 Ian Smith, espousing racial segregation, wins Rhodesian general election with 80% of overwhelmingly white electorate's vote
  • 1978 Constitution adopted by Sri Lanka
  • 1978 Emily & William Harris plead guilty to 1974 kidnapping of Patty Hearst
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 16 yr old Tracy Austin defeats 14 yr old Andrea Jaeger at US Open Tennis
  • 1979 Comet Howard-Koomur-Michels collides with Sun
  • 1979 Donald McHenry named to succeed Andrew Young as UN ambassador
  • 1979 Phillies replaces manager Danny Ozark with Dallas Green
  • 1980 "Oklahoma!" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 301 performances
  • 1980 80th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Hal Sutton
  • 1980 Poland's Solidarity trade union federations forms and is offically recognised by the Polish goverment
  • 1980 The Gdańsk Agreement is signed.
  • 1981 Dirk Wellham scores 103 on Test Cricket debut, v England at Lord's
  • 1981 Royals manager Jim Frey is fired & replaced by Dick Howser
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1983 Edwin Moses of USA sets 400m hurdle record (47.02) in Koblenz
  • 1983 40th Venice Film Festival: "First Name: Carmen" directed by Jean-Luc Godard wins Golden Lion
  • 1984 Pinklon Thomas beats Tim Witherspoon in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1985 "Prakas" sets trotting mile record of 1:53.4 at Du Quoin, Ill
  • 1985 Angel Cordero becomes 3rd jockey to ride horses earning over $100 M
  • 1985 Night Stalker suspect that terrorized California captured in East Los Angeles
  • 1986 Aeromexico DC-9 & small plane collide in LA, killing 82 (15 on the ground)
  • 1986 Russian cargo ship crashes into cruise ship Admiral Nakhimov; 398 die
  • 1987 Curtis Strange sets golf's earning for year record ($697,385)
  • 1987 Michael Jacskon's "Bad" video premieres on CBS TV
  • 1987 South Africa's longest mine strike in history ends
  • 1988 5-day power blackout of downtown Seattle begins
  • 1988 Arbitrator George Nicolau rules owners conspired against free agents
  • 1988 Bomb attack on office of South Africa Council of Churches
  • 1989 Arbitrator T Roberts orders owners to pay $105 million for collusion
  • 1990 Dennis Eckersley saves his 40th game of the season
  • 1990 East & West Germany sign a treaty to join legal & political systems
  • 1990 Ken Griffey Sr & Jr are 1st father & son to play on same team each goes 1 for 4 for Seattle Mariners
  • 1991 Houston QB David Klingler sets NCAA record with 6 touchdown passes in the 2nd quarter as the Cougars clobbered Louisiana Tech 73-3
  • 1991 Richard J Kerr, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1991 Rockies bat out of order against Expos in 1st inning
  • 1991 William H Webster, ends term as 14th director of CIA
  • 1992 44th Emmy Awards: Northern Exposure, Christopher Lloyd & Dana Delane win
  • 1992 Dynamite explosion in Philipines mine; 500 die
  • 1992 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Cleveland, Ohio on WNCX 98.5 FM
  • 1993 Minnesota Twins beat Cleve Indians 5-4 in 22 innings
  • 1993 Venezuela president Carlos Perez flees
  • 1993 HMS Mercury, the Royal Navy's communications training establishment, closes after 52 years in commission.
  • 1993 50th Venice Film Festival: "Short Cuts" directed by Robert Altman and "Three Colors: Blue" directed by Krzysztof Kieslowski jointly awarded Golden Lion
  • 1994 Last Russian soldiers leave Estonia & Latvia
  • 1994 Sinn Fein proclaims ceasefire in Northern Ireland
  • 1994 Pentium computer beats world chess champ Gari Kasparov
  • 1994 The Provisional Irish Republican Army declares a ceasefire
  • 1997 "Gin Game" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 144 performances
  • 1997 Don Mattingly's #23 is retired by NY Yankees
  • 1997 Last episode of Rolanda airs
  • 1997 Scott Hoch wins Greater Milwaukee Golf Open with a 268
  • 1997 Diana, Princess of Wales, dies in a car crash in a road tunnel in Paris
  • 1998 North Korea reportedly launches Kwangmyongsong, its first satellite.
  • 1999 The first of a series of apartment bombings in Moscow, killing one person and wounding 40 others.
  • 1999 A LAPA Boeing 737-200 crashes during takeoff from Jorge Newbury Airport in Buenos Aires, killing 65, including 2 on the ground.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1999 Dino Ciccarelli retires from the NHL

NHL Star Dino Ciccarelli
NHL Star
Dino Ciccarelli
  • 2003 9th World Championships in Athletics close at Saint-Denis, France
  • 2005 A stampede on Al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad kills 1,199 people.
  • 2005 62nd Venice Film Festival: "Brokeback Mountain" directed by Ang Lee wins Golden Lion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2006 Stolen on August 22, 2004, Edvard Munch's famous painting "The Scream" is recovered from a raid by Norwegian police. The painting was said to be in a better-than-expected condition.

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch

Music awardsMusic Awards

2006 23rd MTV Video Music Awards: Panic! At the Disco, Kelly Clarkson & James Blunt win