Historical Events in 1492

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  • Jan 2 Muhammad XII. (Boabdil) last Nasird ruler of Moorish fortress Alhambra surrenders to the Catholic Monarchs
  • Jan 16 The first grammar of a modern language, Spanish, is presented to Queen Isabella.
  • Mar 4 King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England.
  • Mar 21 Alonzo Pietro, pilot, sailed with Columbus
  • Mar 31 Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Aragon issue the Alhambra Decree which expels Jews from their Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 17 Christopher Columbus signs contract with Spain to find Indies

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • Apr 30 Columbus is given royal commission to equip his fleet
  • Apr 30 Spain announces it will expel all Jews
  • May 15 Cheese & Bread rebellion: German mercenaries kill 232 residents of Alkmaar, Netherlands

CommunicationSanta María

Aug 3 Christopher Columbus sets sail on his first voyage with three ships, Santa María, Pinta and Niña from Palos de la Frontera, Spain for the "Indies"

  • Aug 11 Rodrigo de Borja becomes Pope Alexander VI
  • Aug 12 Christopher Columbus arrives in the Canary Islands on his first voyage to the New World
  • Sep 6 Columbus' fleet leaves Gomera, Canary islands
  • Sep 25 Crewman on Pinta sights "land"-a few weeks early
  • Oct 2 King Henry VII of England invades France
  • Oct 7 Columbus misses Florida when he changes course
  • Oct 8 Columbus' fleet about 400 sea miles from Puerto Rico
  • Oct 12 Flemish rebel leader Philip van Kleef surrenders
  • Oct 12 Christopher Columbus's expedition makes landfall on Caribbean island he names San Salvador (likely Watling Island, Bahamas). The explorer believes he has reached East Asia (OS 21 Oct)
  • Oct 13 English admiral Sir Edward Poynings' fleet occupies Lock
  • Oct 14 Columbus leaves San Salvador; arrives in Santa Maria of Concepcion (Bahamas)
  • Oct 16 Columbus' fleet anchors at "Fernandina" (Long Island, Bahamas)
  • Oct 19 Columbus sites "Isabela" (Fortune Island, Bahamas)
  • Oct 24 24 Jews are burned at the stake in Mecklenburg, Germany
  • Oct 25 Columbus' fleet sites "Zandislands" (Ragged Island Range, Bahamas)
  • Oct 25 Christopher Columbus' flagship the Santa María lands at Dominican Republic
  • Oct 26 Columbus' fleet anchors on Ragged Island Range, Bahamas
  • Oct 26 Lead (graphite) pencils first used
  • Oct 28 Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba and claims it for Spain
  • Nov 5 Christopher Columbus learns of maize (corn) from Indians of Cuba
  • Nov 7 Ensisheim Meteorite strikes earth in a wheat field near village of Ensisheim in Alsace, France. Oldest meteorite with a known date of impact
  • Nov 9 Peace of Etaples (Henry VII of England & Charles VIII of France)
  • Nov 15 Christopher Columbus notes 1st recorded reference to tobacco
  • Nov 15 In La Guardia, Spain, 6 Jews & 5 Conversos are accused of ritual murder
  • Nov 22 Pinta under Martín Alonso Pinzón separates from Columbus's fleet
  • Dec 5 Columbus discovers Hispaniola (El Espanola/Haiti)
  • Dec 25 Christopher Columbus' flagship the Santa María runs aground and sinks on Hispaniola
  • Dec 26 1st Spanish settlement La Navidad (modern Môle-Saint-Nicolas) in the New World is founded by Columbus
  • Dec 31 100,000 Jews expelled from Sicily