Historical Events in 1631

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  • Jan 23 France & Sweden sign anti-German Treaty of Barwald

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 5 Rhode Island, founder, Roger Williams arrives in Boston from England

Theologian and Colonist Roger Williams
Theologian and Colonist
Roger Williams
  • May 17 Earl Johann Tilly attacks Maagdenburg
  • May 18 English colony Massachusetts Bay grants puritarian voting right

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

May 18 John Winthrop is elected 1st Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony

Founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony John Winthrop
Founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
John Winthrop
  • May 20 Magdeburg in Germany seized by forces of the Holy Roman Empire under earl Johann Tilly, most inhabitants massacred, one of the bloodiest incidents of the Thirty Years' War.
  • May 30 The Treaty of Fontainebleau signed between Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, and the Kingdom of France, establishing a secret alliance between them during the Thirty Years' War.
  • Jun 17 Mumtaz Mahal dies during childbirth. Her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, then spends more than 20 years building her tomb, the Taj Mahal.
  • Jun 19 Peace of Cherasco: Charles de Gonzaga-Nevers becomes duke of Mantua
  • Jun 20 The sack of Baltimore: the Irish village of Baltimore is attacked by Algerian pirates.
  • Sep 13 Admiral Tholen conquers 30+ Spanish frigates
  • Sep 17 Battle of Breitenfeld: King Gustaaf Adolf of Sweden defeats Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly.
  • Oct 10 Saxon army occupies Prague
  • Nov 4 Ferdinand of Austria installed as land guardian of South Netherlands
  • Nov 7 Pierre Gassendi observes transit of Mercury predicted by Kepler
  • Dec 6 1st predicted transit of Venus (Kepler) is observed
  • Dec 16 Mount Vesuvious, Italy erupts, destroys 6 villages & kills 4,000