Historical Events in 1645

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  • Mar 5th Battle of Jankau in Bohemia: Sweden defeats Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III
  • Apr 2nd Robert Devereux resigns as parliament supreme commander
  • Apr 3rd English Long Parliament passes the Self-Denying Ordinance, limiting regional armies, significant step toward New Model Army
  • Apr 7th Michael Cardozo becomes 1st Jewish lawyer in Brazil

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 14th Battle of Naseby, Leicestershire: "New Model Army" under Oliver Cromwell & Thomas Fairfax beat royalists forces of English King Charles I

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
King Charles I
King
Charles I
  • Jul 10th Battle at Langport, Somerset: Cromwell's New Model Army beats Royalists
  • Jul 13th Aleksei Romanov succeeds his father Michael as Tsar of Russia
  • Aug 3rd Battle of Allersheim: French defeat Bavarians
  • Aug 13th Sweden & Denmark sign Peace of Brömsebro
  • Aug 30th Dutch & Indians sign peace treaty (New Amsterdam (NY))
  • Sep 11th Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies Bristol
  • Nov 4th Prince Frederik Henry conquerors Holly