Historical Events in 1659

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  • Jan 14 Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish
  • Jan 24 Pierre Corneille's "Oedipe" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 11 The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses.
  • Feb 16 1st known cheque (£400) (on display at Westminster Abbey)
  • Apr 22 Lord Protector Richard Cromwell disbands English parliament
  • May 22 France, England & Netherlands sign "Hedges Concerto" treaty
  • May 25 Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England. Many pubs in England have since been called "Tumbeldown Dick" in his memory.
  • May 31 Netherlands, England & France sign Treaty of The Hague
  • Jun 29 The Russians, led by prince Trubetskoy are defeated by the Ukrainian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky in the Battle of Konotop.
  • Sep 30 Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Daniel Defoe)
  • Sep 30 Peter Stuyvesant of New Netherlands forbids tennis playing during religious services (1st mention of tennis in US)
  • Oct 12 English "Rump" Parliament dimisses John Lambert & other generals
  • Oct 13 General-major John Lambert drives out English Rump-government

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Nov 7 The Treaty of the Pyrenees signed by representatives of French King Louis XIV & Spanish king Philip IV

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Nov 17 Peace of the Pyrenees is signed between France and Spain.
  • Nov 25 Michiel de Ruyter conquers Danish city Nyborg
  • Dec 8 Mexican border town Ciudad Juárez is founded by Fray García de San Francisco.
  • Dec 16 General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland
  • Dec 26 Long Parliament reforms in Westminster