Historical Events in 1689

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  • Jan 1st Pro-James II-earl of Danby occupies York
  • Jan 22nd Lord Halifax becomes Speaker of English House of Lords
  • Jan 22nd Prince William of Orange (future King William III of Britain), summons Convention Parliament to discuss ruling jointly with his wife Mary (daughter of exiled King James II)
  • Jan 26th Jean Racine's "Esther" premieres in Saint-Cyr
  • Jan 28th English parliament resolved that the throne is vacant
  • Feb 13th British Parliament adopts the Bill of Rights which establishes the rights of parliament and places limits on the crown
  • Feb 14th English parliament places Mary Stuart/Prince William III on the throne
  • Feb 23rd Dutch prince William III proclaimed king of England
  • Mar 9th Thomas Shadwell appointed second English Poet Laureate by William and Mary after John Dryden refuses to swear The Oath allegiance
  • Mar 12th Former English King James II lands in Ireland
  • Mar 14th Scotland dismisses William III & Mary Stuart as king & queen
  • Mar 16th The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers is founded.
  • Apr 11th William III & Mary II crowned as joint rulers of Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15th French King Louis XIV declares war on Spain

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Apr 20th The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry.
  • Apr 21st William III & Mary Stuart proclaimed King & Queen of England
  • May 9th English King William III declares war on France
  • May 11th Battle of Bantry Bay, French & English naval battle
  • May 12th England & Netherlands form League of Augsburg
  • May 24th English Parliament guarantees freedom of religion for Protestants
  • May 27th Anthonie Heinsius succeeds G Fagel as Grand Pensionary of Holland
  • Jul 1st Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu Japan
  • Jul 27th Battle of Killicrankie: Jacobite Scottish Highlanders under Viscount Dundee defeat royalist force under General MacKay
  • Aug 5th 1,500 Iroquois attack the village of Lachine, in New France.
  • Aug 21st The Battle of Dunkeld in Scotland.
  • Aug 25th Battle at Charleroi: Spanish & English armies chase French
  • Aug 25th Montreal taken by Iroquois
  • Aug 27th The Treaty of Nerchinsk is signed by Russia and the Qing empire.
  • Sep 1st Russia began taxing men's beards
  • Sep 8th China & Russia signs Treaty of Nertsjinsk (Nierchul)
  • Oct 6th Pietro Ottoboni replaces Pope Innocent XI as Alexander VIII
  • Dec 16th English Parliament passes Bill of Rights establishing limits on crown powers and requirement for regular elections
  • Dec 22nd Heavy earthquake strikes Innsbruck
  • Dec 30th Henry Purcell & Tates opera "Dido & Aeneas" premieres in Chesea