Historical Events in 1709

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  • Jan 5th Sudden extreme cold kills thousands of Europeans
  • Jan 11th Colley Cibber's play "Rival Fools," premieres in London
  • Feb 2nd British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires "Robinson Crusoe"
  • Mar 27th Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 27th Peter the Great of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • Jul 8th Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes, end of Swedish empire as a major power
  • Aug 8th 1st known ascent in hot-air balloon, Bartolomeu de Gusmao (indoors)
  • Sep 3rd 1st major group of Swiss/German colonists reaches NC/SC
  • Sep 11th Battle at Malplaquet during War of the Spanish Succession: Engl/Aust/Dutch Great Alliance beat France
  • Oct 29th England/Netherlands sign anti-French "Barrieretraktaat"