Historical Events in 1772

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  • Jan 1st First traveler's cheques go on sale in London, can be used in 90 European cities
  • Feb 12th Yves de Kerguelen of France discovers Kerguelen Archipelago, India
  • Feb 17th 1st Partition of Poland signed in Vienna by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • Mar 13th Gotthold Lessing's "Emilia Calotti" premieres in Brunswick
  • Apr 30th John Clais patents 1st scale
  • May 11th Amsterdam theater destroyed by fire, 18 killed
  • Jun 6th Haitian explorer Jean Baptiste-Pointe Dusable settles Chicago
  • Jun 9th 1st Protestant church west of Penn (in Ohio) holds communion
  • Jun 9th 1st naval attack of Revolutionary War takes place in Providence, RI
  • Jun 10th Burning of British revenue cutter Gaspée by Rhode Islanders
  • Jun 12th Marion du Fresne is killed at Tacoury's Cove, Bay of Islands, New Zealand, by local Māori
  • Jun 22nd Somerset v Stewart UK court case finds slavery unsupported by English common law, encourages abolitionist movement

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 13th Captain James Cook begins 2nd voyage aboard the Resolution to the South Seas to search for Terra Australis (Southern continent)

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • Aug 5th 1st Partition of Poland between Austria, Prussia and Russia is made public
  • Aug 11th Explosive eruption blows 4,000' off Papandayan Java, kills 3,000
  • Aug 19th Gustav III seizes effective control of Swedish government & restores full power of monarchy, which had been subordinate to parliament since 1720
  • Aug 21st King Gustav III completes his coup d'etat by adopting a new Constitution, ending half a century of parliamentary rule in Sweden and installing himself as an enlightened despot.
  • Aug 31st Hurricane destroy ships off Dominica
  • Sep 1st Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa forms in California
  • Sep 22nd 1st Partition of Poland is ratified by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • Sep 26th New Jersey passes bill requiring a license to practice medicine
  • Oct 30th Captain Cook arrives with ship Resolution in Capetown
  • Nov 2nd Boston: anti-English Committee of Correspondence forms
  • Dec 22nd Moravian missionary constructs 1st schoolhouse west of Allegheny