Historical Events in 1772

  • Jan 1 First traveler's cheques go on sale in London, can be used in 90 European cities
  • Feb 12 Yves de Kerguelen of France discovers Kerguelen Archipelago, India
  • Feb 17 1st Partition of Poland signed in Vienna by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • Mar 13 Gotthold Lessing's "Emilia Calotti" premieres in Brunswick
  • Apr 30 John Clais patents 1st scale
  • May 11 Amsterdam theater destroyed by fire, 18 killed
  • Jun 6 Haitian explorer Jean Baptiste-Pointe Dusable settles Chicago
  • Jun 9 1st Protestant church west of Penn (in Ohio) holds communion
  • Jun 9 1st naval attack of Revolutionary War takes place in Providence, RI
  • Jun 10 Burning of British revenue cutter Gaspée by Rhode Islanders
  • Jun 12 Marion du Fresne is killed at Tacoury's Cove, Bay of Islands, New Zealand, by local Māori
  • Jun 22 Somerset v Stewart UK court case finds slavery unsupported by English common law, encourages abolitionist movement

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 13 Captain James Cook begins 2nd voyage aboard the Resolution to the South Seas to search for Terra Australis (Southern continent)

Captain/Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • Aug 5 1st Partition of Poland between Austria, Prussia and Russia is made public
  • Aug 11 Explosive eruption blows 4,000' off Papandayan Java, kills 3,000
  • Aug 19 Gustav III seizes effective control of Swedish government & restores full power of monarchy, which had been subordinate to parliament since 1720
  • Aug 21 King Gustav III of Sweden completes coup d'etat by adopting a new Constitution and installing himself as an enlightened despot - ends 50 years of parliamentary rule
  • Aug 31 Hurricane destroy ships off Dominica
  • Sep 1 Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa forms in California
  • Sep 22 1st Partition of Poland is ratified by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • Sep 26 New Jersey passes bill requiring a license to practice medicine
  • Oct 30 Captain Cook arrives with ship Resolution in Capetown
  • Nov 2 Boston: anti-English Committee of Correspondence forms
  • Dec 22 Moravian missionary constructs 1st schoolhouse west of Allegheny