Historical Events in 1774

  • Jan 11 Messier adds M51 (spiral galaxy in Canes Venatici) to his catalog
  • Jan 30 Captain Cook reaches 71°10' south, 1820km from south pole (record)
  • Feb 10 Andrew Becker demonstrates diving suit
  • Feb 22 British House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 First sighting of Orion nebula (William Herschel)

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 John Hancock delivers the fourth annual Massacre Day oration, a commemoration of the Boston Massacre, and denounces the presence of British troops in Boston, enhancing Hancock's stature as a leading Patriot

Statesman John Hancock
John Hancock
  • Mar 7 British close port of Boston to all commerce
  • Mar 25 British Parliament passes Boston Port Bill
  • Mar 28 Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts
  • Apr 19 CW Glucks opera "Iphigenia in Aulis" premieres in Paris
  • Apr 30 Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee for the second time
  • May 10 Louis XVI ascends to throne of France
  • May 20 Britain gives Quebec, Labrador & territory north of Ohio
  • May 23 Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)
  • May 28 1st Continental Congress convenes (Virginia)
  • Jun 1 Boston Port Bill: British government orders Port of Boston closed
  • Jun 2 Intolerable Acts: Amendment to original Quartering Act enacted, allowed governor in colonial America to house British soldiers in uninhabited houses, outhouses, barns, or other buildings if suitable quarters not provided.
  • Jun 11 Jews of Algiers escape attacking Spanish Army
  • Jun 13 Rhode Island becomes first colony to prohibit importation of slaves
  • Jun 16 Formation of Harrodsburg, Kentucky.
  • Jun 22 British parliament accepts Quebec Act
  • Jul 4 Orangetown Resolutions adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the British Parliament's Coercive Acts

AgreementUnited States Declaration of Independence

Jul 12 Citizens of Carlisle Penn, pass a declaration of independence

  • Jul 12 Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan
  • Jul 17 Captain Cook arrives in the New Hebrides (Vanuatu)
  • Jul 21 Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war.
  • Aug 1 Joseph Priestley, English theologian, chemist and author discovers oxygen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 6 Founder of the Shaker Movement, Mother Ann Lee, arrives in NY

Founder of the Shakers Ann Lee
Founder of the Shakers
Ann Lee
  • Aug 10 1st Surinam newspaper (1st Wednesday Suriname) begins publishing
  • Sep 5 Twelve of the thirteen American colonies adopt a trade embargo with Britain at the first Continental Congress at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Sep 15 Cossack Emilian Pugachev captured
  • Oct 14 1st Continental Congress makes Declaration of Colonial Rights in Philadelphia
  • Oct 20 American Continental Congress orders discouragement of entertainment
  • Oct 21 First display of the word "Liberty" on a flag, raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts and which was in defiance of British rule in Colonial America.
  • Oct 26 First Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia
  • Oct 26 Minute Men organized in colonies
  • Nov 17 First City Troop Philadelphia City Cavarly formed at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia - oldest US military unit still in service
  • Dec 13 First incident of American Revolution - 400 attack Ft William and Mary, New Hampshire
  • Dec 14 Portsmouth, New Hampshire militiamen successfully attacked arsenal of Ft William & Mary
  • Dec 18 Empress Maria Theresa expels Jews from Prague, Bohemia & Moravia