Historical Events for Year 1775

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Months in Year 1775: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 69 of 69

Jan 11th - Francis Salvador becomes 1st Jew elected to office in America (SC)
Jan 17th - 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Pol
Jan 17th - R B Sheridan's "The Rivals" premieres in London
Jan 22nd - Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw Poland
Jan 25th - Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British (Gun Hill Road, Bronx)
Feb 8th - Leidse U 400th anniversary dinner
Feb 9th - British Parliament declares Massachusetts colony is in rebellion
Feb 15th - Angelo Braschi chosen as Pope Pius VI
Feb 22nd - 1st US joint stock company (to make cloth) offers shares at 10 cents
Feb 22nd - Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw Poland
Mar 6th - 1st Negro Mason in north America initiated, Boston
Mar 19th - 4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
Mar 19th - Poland & Prussia sign trade agreement
Mar 22nd - Edmund Burke presents his 13 articles to the Westminster Parliament
Mar 23rd - Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death" in speech in favour of Virginian troops joining US Revolutionary war
Apr 11th - The last execution for witchcraft in Germany takes place.
Apr 14th - 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Phila
American Patriot Paul RevereAmerican Patriot Paul Revere Apr 18th - Paul Revere & William Dawes ride from Charleston to Lexington warning the "regulars are coming!"
Apr 19th - Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon
Apr 19th - American Revolution begins - Lexington Common, shot "heard round the world"
Apr 19th - New England militiamen begin the siege of Boston, hemming in the British army garrison
Apr 19th - Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott are captured by British troops riding from Lexington to Concord, Prescott escapes to warn Concord
Apr 23rd - Opera "Il RĂ© Pastore" is produced (Salzburg)
May 7th - Turkish state of Bukovina secedes from Austria
May 10th - 2nd Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and issues paper currency for 1st time
May 10th - 2nd Continental Congress in Philadelphia names George Washington, supreme commander
First US President George WashingtonFirst US President George Washington May 10th - Green Mountain Boys capture Fort Ticonderoga NY-American Revolution
May 17th - American Revolutionary War: the Continental Congress bans trade with Canada.
May 20th - Citizens of Mecklenburg County, NC declare independence from Britain
May 24th - John Hancock is unanimously elected President of the Continental Congress
Jun 12th - 1st naval battle of Revolution-Unity (US) captures Margaretta (Br)
Jun 14th - US Army founded
Jun 15th - George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of American Army
Jun 17th - Battle of Bunker Hill (actually it was Breed's Hill)
Jun 22nd - 1st Continental currency issued ($3,000,000)
Jun 23rd - 1st regatta held on Thames, England
Jul 3rd - Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Mass
Jul 5th - US Congress adopts the Olive Branch Petition.
Statesman John HancockStatesman John Hancock Jul 6th - Congress issues "Declaration of the Causes & Necessity of Taking up Arms," listing grievances but denying intent to be independent
Jul 10th - Horatio Gates issues order excluding blacks from Continental Army
Jul 17th - 1st military hospital approved
Jul 22nd - George Washington takes command of the Continental Army
The Magna Carta, written in iron gall ink on parchment in medieval LatinThe Magna Carta, written in iron gall ink on parchment in medieval Latin

Jul 25th - Maryland issues currency depicting George III trampling Magna Carta
United States Founding Father Benjamin FranklinUnited States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin Jul 26th - United States Post Office (U.S.P.O.) created in Philadelphia under Benjamin Franklin
Jul 30th - Captain Cook with Resolution returns to England
Aug 5th - 1st Spanish ship, San Carlos, enters SF Bay
Aug 22nd - King George III proclaims colonies to be in open rebellion
Sep 13th - Gotthold Lessing's "Die Juden," premieres in Frankfurt-am-Main
Sep 25th - American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen captured
Oct 8th - Officers decide to bar slaves & free blacks from Continental Army
Oct 12th - US Navy forms
Oct 13th - Continental Congress orders construction of a naval fleet
Oct 16th - Portland, Maine burned by British
Oct 18th - African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery.
Oct 23rd - Continental Congress approves resolution barring blacks from army
Oct 27th - US Navy forms as the Continental Navy
Poet Phillis WheatleyPoet Phillis Wheatley Nov 7th - Lord Dunmore promises freedom to male slaves who join British army
Nov 10th - Congress forms US Marine Corps
Nov 11th - Mohawk military leader Joseph Brant goes to London to solicit more support from the government and to persuade the Crown to address past Mohawk land grievances in exchange for their participation as allies in the impending war
Nov 12th - General Washington forbids recruiting officers enlisting blacks
Nov 13th - American Revolutionary forces capture Montreal
Nov 14th - -15] Floods ravage Dutch coast provinces
Nov 28th - 2nd Continental Congress formally establishes US Navy
Nov 29th - Sir James Jay invents invisible ink
Dec 3rd - First official US flag raised (Grand Union Flag) aboard naval vessel USS Alfred
Dec 5th - At Fort Ticonderoga, Henry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Mohawk Military Leader Joseph BrantMohawk Military Leader Joseph Brant Dec 22nd - Continental navy organized with 7 ships
Dec 25th - Pope Pius VI encyclical on the problems of the pontificate
Dec 31st - Battle of Quebec in American Revolutionary War; Americans defeated trying to take British stronghold

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