Historical Events in 1775

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  • Jan 11th Francis Salvador becomes 1st Jew elected to office in America (SC)
  • Jan 17th 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Pol
  • Jan 17th R B Sheridan's "The Rivals" premieres in London
  • Jan 22nd Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw Poland
  • Jan 25th Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British (Gun Hill Road, Bronx)
  • Feb 8th Leidse U 400th anniversary dinner
  • Feb 9th British Parliament declares Massachusetts colony is in rebellion
  • Feb 15th Angelo Braschi chosen as Pope Pius VI
  • Feb 22nd 1st US joint stock company (to make cloth) offers shares at 10 cents
  • Feb 22nd Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw Poland
  • Mar 6th 1st Negro Mason in north America initiated, Boston
  • Mar 19th 4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
  • Mar 19th Poland & Prussia sign trade agreement
  • Mar 22nd Edmund Burke presents his 13 articles to the Westminster Parliament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23rd Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death" in speech in favour of Virginian troops joining US Revolutionary war

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • Apr 11th The last execution for witchcraft in Germany takes place.
  • Apr 14th 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Phila

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 18th Paul Revere & William Dawes ride from Charleston to Lexington warning the "regulars are coming!"

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere
  • Apr 19th Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon
  • Apr 19th American Revolution begins - Lexington Common, shot "heard round the world"
  • Apr 19th New England militiamen begin the siege of Boston, hemming in the British army garrison
  • Apr 19th Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott are captured by British troops riding from Lexington to Concord, Prescott escapes to warn Concord
  • Apr 23rd Opera "Il RĂ© Pastore" is produced (Salzburg)
  • May 7th Turkish state of Bukovina secedes from Austria
  • May 10th Second Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and issues paper currency for 1st time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 10th Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia names George Washington, supreme commander

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • May 10th Green Mountain Boys capture Fort Ticonderoga NY-American Revolution
  • May 17th American Revolutionary War: the Continental Congress bans trade with Canada.
  • May 20th Citizens of Mecklenburg County, NC declare independence from Britain

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

May 24th John Hancock is unanimously elected President of the Continental Congress

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • Jun 12th 1st naval battle of Revolution-Unity (US) captures Margaretta (Br)
  • Jun 14th US Army first forms as the Continental Army to fight American Revolutionary War
  • Jun 15th George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of the American Army
  • Jun 17th Battle of Bunker Hill (actually it was Breed's Hill)
  • Jun 22nd 1st Continental currency issued ($3,000,000)
  • Jun 23rd 1st regatta held on Thames, England
  • Jul 3rd Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Mass
  • Jul 5th Second Continental Congress drafts the Olive Branch Petition to King George III.
  • Jul 6th Congress issues "Declaration of the Causes & Necessity of Taking up Arms," listing grievances but denying intent to be independent
  • Jul 10th Horatio Gates issues order excluding blacks from Continental Army
  • Jul 17th 1st military hospital approved
  • Jul 22nd George Washington takes command of the Continental Army

AgreementMagna Carta

Jul 25th Maryland issues currency depicting George III trampling Magna Carta

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26th United States Post Office (U.S.P.O.) created in Philadelphia under Benjamin Franklin

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Jul 30th Captain Cook with Resolution returns to England
  • Aug 5th 1st Spanish ship, San Carlos, enters SF Bay
  • Aug 22nd King George III proclaims colonies to be in open rebellion
  • Sep 13th Gotthold Lessing's "Die Juden," premieres in Frankfurt-am-Main

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 25th American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen captured

American Revolutionary War Patriot Ethan Allen
American Revolutionary War Patriot
Ethan Allen
  • Oct 8th Officers decide to bar slaves & free blacks from Continental Army
  • Oct 13th First US Navy forms when Continental Congress orders construction of a naval fleet
  • Oct 16th Portland, Maine burned by British

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18th African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery.

  • Oct 23rd Continental Congress approves resolution barring blacks from army
  • Oct 27th US Navy forms as the Continental Navy
  • Nov 7th Lord Dunmore promises freedom to male slaves who join British army
  • Nov 10th Congress forms US Marine Corps

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 11th Mohawk military leader Joseph Brant goes to London to solicit more support from the government and to persuade the Crown to address past Mohawk land grievances in exchange for their participation as allies in the impending war

Mohawk Military Leader Joseph Brant
Mohawk Military Leader
Joseph Brant
  • Nov 12th General Washington forbids recruiting officers enlisting blacks
  • Nov 13th American Revolutionary forces capture Montreal
  • Nov 14th -15] Floods ravage Dutch coast provinces
  • Nov 28th Second Continental Congress formally establishes US Navy
  • Nov 29th Sir James Jay invents invisible ink
  • Dec 3rd First official US flag raised (Grand Union Flag) aboard naval vessel USS Alfred
  • Dec 5th At Fort Ticonderoga, Henry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • Dec 22nd Continental navy organized with 7 ships
  • Dec 25th Pope Pius VI encyclical on the problems of the pontificate
  • Dec 31st Battle of Quebec in American Revolutionary War; Americans defeated trying to take British stronghold