Historical Events in 1776

  • Saturday 1
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  • Monday 3
  • Tuesday 4
  • Wednesday 5
  • Thursday 6
  • Friday 7
  • Saturday 8
  • Sunday 9
  • Monday 10
  • Tuesday 11
  • Wednesday 12
  • Thursday 13
  • Friday 14
  • Saturday 15
  • Sunday 16
  • Monday 17
  • Tuesday 18
  • Wednesday 19
  • Thursday 20
  • Friday 21
  • Saturday 22
  • Sunday 23
  • Monday 24
  • Tuesday 25
  • Wednesday 26
  • Thursday 27
  • Friday 28
  • Saturday 29
  • Sunday 30

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 1st Gen George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Jan 2nd 1st revolutionary flag displayed
  • Jan 2nd Austria ends interregation torture
  • Jan 5th Assembly of New Hampshire adopts its 1st state constitution

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 10th "Common Sense" Pamphlet by Thomas Paine, published advocating American independence

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine
  • Jan 16th Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks
  • Jan 18th James Wright, Royal Governor of Georgia, is placed under house arrest by Major Joseph Habersham
  • Jan 24th Henry Knox arrives at Cambridge, Massachusetts, with the artillery that he has transported from Fort Ticonderoga.
  • Feb 8th Wolfgang von Goethe's "Stella" premieres in Hamburg

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 17th 1st volume of Gibbon's "Decline & Fall of Roman Empire" published

Historian Edward Gibbon
Edward Gibbon
  • Mar 2nd Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston
  • Mar 3rd American commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau, Bahamas
  • Mar 4th The American War of Independence: The Americans capture Dorchester Heights dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 9th Publication of the influential economics book "The Wealth of Nations" by Adam Smith

Economist and Philosopher Adam Smith
Economist and Philosopher
Adam Smith
  • Mar 17th British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War
  • Mar 25th Continental Congress authorized a medal for George Washington
  • Mar 28th Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco.
  • Apr 1st Friedrich von Klinger's "Sturm und Drang" premieres in Leipzig
  • Apr 3rd George Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College
  • Apr 7th Captain John Barry and the USS Lexington captures the Edward.
  • Apr 12th Halifax resolution for independence adopted by North Carolina
  • Apr 15th Duchess of Kingston found guilty of bigamy
  • May 1st Adam Weishaupt founds secret society of Illuminati
  • May 2nd France & Spain agreed to give weapons to American rebels
  • May 4th Rhode Island declares independence from Britain
  • May 12th Turgot, French minister of Finance, resigns
  • Jun 7th Richard Lee (VA) moves Decl of Independence in Continental Congress

Person-of-interestUnited States Declaration of Independence

Jun 11th Continental Congress creates committee (Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston) to draft a Declaration of Independence

  • Jun 12th Virginia adopts Declaration of Rights
  • Jun 28th Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to Continental Congress
  • Jun 28th Charleston, SC repulses British sea attack
  • Jun 29th Mission Dolores founded by San Francisco Bay
  • Jun 29th Virginia state constitution adopted & Patrick Henry made governor
  • Jul 1st 1st vote on Declaration of Independence for Britain's North American colonies
  • Jul 2nd NJ Jersey gives the right to vote to all adults who could show a net worth of 50 pounds
  • Jul 2nd Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are & of right ought to be Free & Independent States"

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 2nd At the Continental Congress, John Dickinson abstains from the votes that declare independence

Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson
Founding Father of the United States
John Dickinson
  • Jul 4th According to popular legend the Liberty Bell rings for the 2nd Continental Congress
  • Jul 4th US Congress proclaims the Declaration of Independence and independence from Britain
  • Jul 6th American Declaration of Independence announced on front page of "PA Evening Gazette"
  • Jul 8th Col John Nixon gave 1st public reading of Decaration of Independence (Philadelphia)
  • Jul 9th Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington's troops (NY)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 11th Captain James Cook begins his third voyage

Captain/Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • Jul 12th Captain Cook departs with Resolution for 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean
  • Aug 2nd Formal signing of the US Declaration of Independence by 56 people
  • Aug 10th American Revolutionary War: word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London.
  • Aug 27th British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island
  • Aug 29th Americans withdraw from Manhattan to Westchester
  • Aug 30th US army evacuates Long Island and falls back to Manhattan, NYC
  • Sep 6th Hurricane hits Martinique; 100 French & Dutch ships sinks; 600 die
  • Sep 6th 1st (failed) submarine attack (David Bushnell's "Turtle" attacks British sailboat "Eagle" in Bay of NY)
  • Sep 6th Hurricane hits Guadeloupe, killing more than 6,000.
  • Sep 9th Congress officially renames the country as the United States of America (Was the United Colonies)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Sep 10th George Washington asks for a spy volunteer, Nathan Hale volunteers

US Patriot and Soldier Nathan Hale
US Patriot and Soldier
Nathan Hale
First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Sep 12th Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission
  • Sep 15th British forces capture Kip's Bay, Manhattan, during Revolution
  • Sep 17th The Presidio of San Francisco is founded in New Spain.
  • Sep 21st 5 days after British take New York, a quarter of the city burns down
  • Sep 21st Nathan Hale, spied on British for American rebels, arrested
  • Sep 24th First St Leger horesrace held at Doncaster
  • Oct 9th Mission Dolores founded by SF Bay
  • Oct 11th Brig Gen Arnold's Lake Champlain fleet defeated by British
  • Oct 12th British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx
  • Oct 18th In a NY bar decorated with bird tail, customer orders "cock tail"
  • Oct 18th Battle of Pelham: Col John Glover & Marblehead regiment meet British Forces in Bronx

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Oct 26th Benjamin Franklin departed from America for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution.

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Oct 28th Battle of White Plains; Washington retreats to NJ
  • Nov 1st Mission San Juan Capistrano founded in California
  • Nov 16th 1st gun salute for an American warship in a foreign port - US Andrew Doria at Fort St Eustatius (Dutch Caribbean isalnd)
  • Nov 16th British troops captured Fort Washington during American Revolution
  • Nov 18th Hessians capture Ft Lee, NJ
  • Nov 30th Captain Cook begins 3rd & last trip to Pacific (South Sea)
  • Dec 5th First US fraternity, Phi Beta Kappa (William & Mary College), forms
  • Dec 8th George Washington's retreating army crosses Delaware River from NJ
  • Dec 19th Thomas Paine published his 1st "American Crisis" essay, in which he wrote, "These are the times that try men's souls"
  • Dec 23rd Continental Congress negotiates a war loan of $181,500 from France
  • Dec 23rd Thomas Paine writes "These are the times that try men's souls"
  • Dec 25th Washington crosses Delaware & surprises & defeats 1,400 Hessians
  • Dec 26th George Washington defeats Hessians at Battle of Trenton in American Revolutionary War
  • Dec 31st Rhode Island establishes wage & price controls to curb inflation: Limit is 70 cents a day for carpenters, 42 cents for tailors