Historical Events in 1777

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jan 3 General George Washington's revolutionary army defeats British forces at Battle of Princeton, NJ

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Jan 12 Mission Santa Clara de Asis founded in California
  • Jan 15 People of New Connecticut (Vermont) declare independence from England
  • Jan 16 Vermont declares independence from New York
  • Jan 18 San Jose in California founded
  • Feb 5 Georgia becomes 1st US state to abolish both entail & primogeniture

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13 Marquis de Sade arrested without charge, imprisoned in Vincennes fortress

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • Feb 16 Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice)
  • Feb 21 British ambassador Joseph Yorke demands dismissal of Governor John de Graaff for saluting US flag
  • Mar 8 Regiments from Ansbach and Bayreuth, sent to support Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, mutiny in the town of Ochsenfurt.
  • Apr 14 NY adopts new constitution as an independent state
  • Apr 20 New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
  • Apr 26 Sybil Ludington, 16, rode from NY to Ct rallying her fathers militia
  • May 1 RB Sheridan's "School for Scandal" premieres in London
  • May 12 1st ice cream advertisement (Philip Lenzi-NY Gazette)
  • May 13 University library at Vienna opens
  • Jun 13 Leonard Norcross patents a submarine diving suit

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 13 Marquis de Lafayette lands in US

French General and Aristocrat Marquis de Lafayette
French General and Aristocrat
Marquis de Lafayette

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 US Continental Congress adopts the Stars & Stripes flag, designed by Francis Hopkinson, replacing the Grand Union flag

Designer of the American Flag Francis Hopkinson
Designer of the American Flag
Francis Hopkinson
  • Jul 6 British Gen Burgoyne captures Fort Ticonderoga from Americans
  • Jul 7 American Revolutionary War: Battle of Hubbardton
  • Jul 8 Vermont introduces new constitution making it the 1st US state to abolish slavery
  • Jul 31 Marquis de Lafayette, 19, made major-general of Continental Army
  • Aug 4 Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes his riding school with performances in London, presurcor of the circus
  • Aug 16 American militiamen defeat British forces at the Battle of Bennington near Vermont, during the American Revolutionary War
  • Aug 28 American Revolutionary War - Battle of Cooch's Bridge takes place near Newark, Delaware.
  • Sep 3 Flag of the United States flown in battle for the 1st time at Cooch's Bridge, Delaware, a skirmish during American Revolutionary War
  • Sep 11 Battle of Brandywine, Pa; Americans lose to British
  • Sep 19 Battle of Freeman's Farm (Bemis Heights) or 1st Battle of Saratoga

BattleBattle of Interest

Sep 20 Battle of Paoli; British forces under Major General Charles Grey attacks Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's encampment. Claims the British gave no quarter leads to engagement becoming known as the "Paoli Massacre"

Military Leader Anthony Wayne
Military Leader
Anthony Wayne

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 26 British General William Howe occupies Philadelphia during American Revolution

Military Leader William Howe
Military Leader
William Howe
  • Sep 30 Continental Congress, flees to York, Pa, as British forces advance
  • Oct 4 Battle of Germantown: Gen George Washington's troops attack and are defeated by the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 7 Americans beat British in Second Battle of Saratoga & Battle of Bemis Heights
  • Oct 15 Mjr James Graves Simcoe appointed commandant of Queen's Rangers (Penn)
  • Oct 17 British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga during the American Revolutionary War
  • Nov 15 Articles of Confederation adopted by Continental Congress
  • Dec 2 British General Howe plots attack on Washington's army for Dec 4

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 8 Captain James Cook leaves Society Islands

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
  • Dec 16 Articles of Conferation (US 1st constitution) ratified by 1st state Virginia
  • Dec 17 France recognizes independence of British colonies in America
  • Dec 17 George Washington's army returns to Valley Forge, Pennsylvania
  • Dec 18 1st national Thanksgiving Day, commemorating Burgoyne's surrender
  • Dec 19 Washington settles his troops at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania for the winter
  • Dec 24 Kiritimati, also called Christmas Island, is discovered by James Cook