Historical Events in 1777

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jan 3 General George Washington's revolutionary army defeats British forces at Battle of Princeton, NJ

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Jan 12 Mission Santa Clara de Asis founded in California
  • Jan 15 People of New Connecticut (Vermont) declare independence from England
  • Jan 16 Vermont declares independence from NY
  • Jan 18 San Jose, California, founded
  • Feb 5 Georgia becomes 1st US state to abolish both entail & primogeniture

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13 Marquis de Sade arrested without charge, imprisoned in Vincennes fortress

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • Feb 16 Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice)
  • Feb 21 British ambassador Joseph Yorke demands dismissal of Governor John de Graaff for saluting US flag
  • Mar 8 Regiments from Ansbach and Bayreuth, sent to support Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, mutiny in the town of Ochsenfurt.
  • Apr 14 NY adopts new constitution as an independent state
  • Apr 20 New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
  • Apr 26 Sybil Ludington, 16, rode from NY to Ct rallying her fathers militia
  • May 1 RB Sheridan's "School for Scandal" premieres in London
  • May 12 1st ice cream advertisement (Philip Lenzi-NY Gazette)
  • May 13 University library at Vienna opens
  • Jun 13 Leonard Norcross patents a submarine diving suit
  • Jun 13 Marquis de Lafayette lands in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 US Continental Congress adopts the Stars & Stripes flag, designed by Francis Hopkinson, replacing the Grand Union flag

Designer of the American Flag Francis Hopkinson
Designer of the American Flag
Francis Hopkinson
  • Jul 6 British Gen Burgoyne captures Fort Ticonderoga from Americans
  • Jul 7 American Revolutionary War: Battle of Hubbardton
  • Jul 8 Vermont introduces new constitution making it the 1st US state to abolish slavery
  • Jul 31 Marquis de Lafayette, 19, made major-general of Continental Army
  • Aug 4 Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes 1st circus
  • Aug 16 American militiamen defeat British forces at the Battle of Bennington near Vermont, during the American Revolutionary War
  • Aug 28 American Revolutionary War - Battle of Cooch's Bridge takes place near Newark, Delaware.
  • Sep 3 Flag of the United States flown in battle for the 1st time at Cooch's Bridge, Delaware, a skirmish during American Revolutionary War
  • Sep 11 Battle of Brandywine, Pa; Americans lose to British
  • Sep 19 Battle of Freeman's Farm (Bemis Heights) or 1st Battle of Saratoga
  • Sep 20 Battle of Paoli; British forces under Major General Charles Grey attacks Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's encampment. Claims the British gave no quarter leads to engagement becoming known as the "Paoli Massacre"
  • Sep 25 British general William Howe conquers Philadelphia
  • Sep 27 British General William Howe occupies Philadelphia during American Revolution
  • Sep 30 Continental Congress, flees to York, Pa, as British forces advance
  • Oct 4 Battle of Germantown: Gen George Washington's troops attack and are defeated by the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 7 Americans beat British in 2nd Battle of Saratoga & Battle of Bemis Heights
  • Oct 15 Mjr James Graves Simcoe appointed commandant of Queen's Rangers (Penn)
  • Oct 17 British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga NY
  • Nov 15 Articles of Confederation adopted by Continental Congress
  • Dec 2 British General Howe plots attack on Washington's army for Dec 4

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 8 Captain James Cook leaves Society Islands

Captain/Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • Dec 16 Articles of Conferation (US 1st constitution) ratified by 1st state Virginia
  • Dec 17 France recognizes independence of British colonies in America
  • Dec 17 George Washington's army returns to Valley Forge, Pa
  • Dec 18 1st national Thanksgiving Day, commemorating Burgoyne's surrender
  • Dec 19 Washington settles his troops at Valley Forge, Pa for winter
  • Dec 24 Kiritimati, also called Christmas Island, is discovered by James Cook