Historical Events in 1777

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Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jan 3rd General George Washington's revolutionary army defeats British forces at Battle of Princeton, NJ

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Jan 12th Mission Santa Clara de Asis founded in Calif
  • Jan 15th People of New Connecticut (Vermont) declare independence from England
  • Jan 16th Vermont declares independence from NY
  • Jan 18th San Jose, California, founded
  • Feb 5th Georgia becomes 1st US state to abolish both entail & primogeniture

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13th Marquis de Sade arrested without charge, imprisoned in Vincennes fortress

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • Feb 16th Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice)
  • Feb 21st British ambassador Joseph Yorke demands dismissal of Governor John de Graaff for saluting US flag
  • Mar 8th Regiments from Ansbach and Bayreuth, sent to support Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, mutiny in the town of Ochsenfurt.
  • Apr 14th NY adopts new constitution as an independent state
  • Apr 20th New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
  • Apr 26th Sybil Ludington, 16, rode from NY to Ct rallying her fathers militia
  • May 1st RB Sheridan's "School for Scandal" premieres in London
  • May 12th 1st ice cream advertisement (Philip Lenzi-NY Gazette)
  • May 13th University library at Vienna opens
  • Jun 13th Leonard Norcross patents a submarine diving suit
  • Jun 13th Marquis de Lafayette lands in US
  • Jun 14th US Continental Congress adopts the Stars & Stripes replacing the Grand Union flag
  • Jun 16th Battle of Bennington-New England's Green Mountain Boys rout British
  • Jul 6th British Gen Burgoyne captures Fort Ticonderoga from Americans
  • Jul 7th American Revolutionary War: Battle of Hubbardton
  • Jul 8th Vermont introduces new constitution making it 1st US state to abolish slavery
  • Jul 31st Marquis de Lafayette, 19, made major-general of Continental Army
  • Aug 4th Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes 1st circus
  • Aug 16th Americans defeat British in Battle of Bennington, Vt
  • Aug 28th American Revolutionary War - Battle of Cooch's Bridge takes place near Newark, Delaware.
  • Sep 3rd Flag of the United States flown in battle for the 1st time at Cooch's Bridge, Delaware, a skirmish during American Revolutionary War
  • Sep 11th Battle of Brandywine, Pa; Americans lose to British
  • Sep 19th Battle of Freeman's Farm (Bemis Heights) or 1st Battle of Saratoga
  • Sep 20th Battle of Paoli; British forces under Major General Charles Grey attacked Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's encampment. Claims that the British gave no quarter led to the engagement becoming known (from an American perspective) as the "Paoli Massacre."
  • Sep 25th British general William Howe conquers Philadelphia
  • Sep 27th British General William Howe occupies Philadelphia during American Revolution
  • Sep 30th Continental Congress, flees to York, Pa, as British forces advance
  • Oct 4th Battle of Germantown: Gen George Washington's troops attack and are defeated by the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 7th Americans beat British in 2nd Battle of Saratoga & Battle of Bemis Heights
  • Oct 15th Mjr James Graves Simcoe appointed commandant of Queen's Rangers (Penn)
  • Oct 17th British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga NY
  • Nov 15th Articles of Confederation adopted by Continental Congress
  • Dec 2nd British General Howe plots attack on Washington's army for Dec 4
  • Dec 8th Captain Cook leaves Society Islands
  • Dec 17th France recognizes independence of British colonies in America
  • Dec 17th George Washington's army returns to Valley Forge, Pa
  • Dec 18th 1st national Thanksgiving Day, commemorating Burgoyne's surrender
  • Dec 19th Washington settles his troops at Valley Forge, Pa for winter

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 24th Kiritimati, also called Christmas Island, is discovered by James Cook

Captain/Explorer James Cook
James Cook