Historical Events in 1778

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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 18th Capt James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)

Captain/Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • Jan 20th 1st American military court martial trial begins, Cambridge, Mass
  • Jan 27th Piccinni's opera "Roland" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 5th Articles of Confederation ratified by 1st state, South Carolina
  • Feb 6th Britain declares war on France
  • Feb 6th France recognizes USA, signs Treaty of Alliance in Paris; 1st US treaty
  • Feb 14th "Stars & Stripes" arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France)
  • Feb 23rd Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge
  • Feb 28th Rhode Island General Assembly authorizes enlistment of slaves
  • Mar 7th Capt James Cook 1st sights Oregon coast, at Yaquina Bay
  • Mar 15th Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island discovered by Captain Cook
  • Mar 22nd Captain Cook sights Cape Flattery, now in Washington state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 30th Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
  • Apr 1st New Orleans businessman Oliver Pollock creates the "$" symbol
  • May 1st American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania.
  • Jun 18th British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia
  • Jun 19th Washington's troops finally leave Valley Forge
  • Jun 24th David Rittenhouse observes a total solar eclipse in Philadelphia
  • Jun 27th Liberty Bell returns home to Philadelphia after the British departure
  • Jun 28th Battle of Monmouth, NJ (Gen Washington beats Clinton)
  • Jun 28th Mary Ludwig Hayes "Molly Pitcher" aids American patriots
  • Jul 3rd British forces massacre 360 men, women & children in Wyoming, Pa
  • Jul 3rd Prussia declares war on Austria
  • Jul 8th George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army
  • Jul 10th American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain
  • Aug 3rd Teatro alla Scala opens in Milan
  • Aug 9th Captain Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering straits
  • Aug 26th The first recorded ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain in Slovenia.
  • Aug 31st British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
  • Sep 4th City of Amsterdam signs trade agreement with American rebels
  • Sep 17th 1st treaty between the US & Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)
  • Sep 19th The Continental Congress passes the first budget of the United States.
  • Oct 3rd Captain Cook anchors at Alaska
  • Nov 11th Iroquois Indians in NY kill 40 in Cherry Valley Massacre
  • Nov 26th Captain Cook discovers Maui in the Sandwich Islands (now Hawaii)
  • Dec 29th British troops occupy Savannah, Georgia