Historical Events in 1781

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  • Jan 1st 1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey as part of the Pennsylvania (Continentals; Regiment) Mutiny of 1781.
  • Jan 4th Andre M├ęchain discovers M80 (globular cluster in Scorpio)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 5th British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold
  • Jan 6th Battle of Jersey (Island in UK)
  • Jan 20th 1st edition of Pieter It Hoens "Post of Neder-Rhijn" published

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Jan 29th Mozart's opera "Idomeneo" premieres, Munich

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
  • Jan 30th Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland
  • Feb 3rd Dutch West Indies island of St Eustatia taken by British
  • Mar 1st Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 13th William Herschel sees what he thinks is a "comet" but is actually the discovery of the planet Uranus

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel
  • Mar 15th Battle of Guilford Court House, SC (British suffer heavy losses)
  • Mar 18th Charles Messier rediscovers global cluster M92
  • Apr 8th Premiere of Mozart's violin sonata K379
  • Apr 29th French fleet occupies Tobago during American War of Independence
  • Apr 29th French fleet stopped Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope
  • May 1st Emperor Jozef II decrees protection of population
  • May 26th Bank of North America incorporates in Philadelphia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 3rd Jack Jouett rides to warn Thomas Jefferson of British attack

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Jul 11th Thomas Hutchins designated Geographer of US
  • Aug 1st British army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia
  • Aug 5th Battle of Dogger Bank (Fourth Anglo-Dutch War): a British strategic victory, although both sides claimed to have won

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 20th George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Aug 30th French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British under Admiral Graves at battle of Chesapeake Capes in American Revolutionary War
  • Sep 4th Los Angeles is founded by 44 Spanish speaking mestizos in the Bahia de las Fumas (Bay of Smokes)
  • Sep 5th Battle of Virginia Capes, French defeat British, trap Cornwallis
  • Sep 6th The Battle of Groton Heights takes place, resulting a British victory.
  • Sep 25th -26] Joan Derks scatters "On the People of Netherlands" pamphlets
  • Sep 28th 9,000 American and 7,000 French troops begin siege of Yorktown
  • Oct 6th Americans & French begin siege of Cornwallis at Yorktown; last battle of American Revolutionary War
  • Oct 16th Washington takes Yorktown
  • Oct 17th Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown
  • Oct 19th British General Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 pm; US Revolutionary War ends
  • Oct 20th Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, was approved in Habsburg Monarchy.
  • Nov 5th John Hanson elected first "President of US in Congress assembled"
  • Nov 13th British troops occupy Negapatam, Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
  • Nov 29th Crew of the slave ship Zong murder approx. 142 African slaves by dumping them into the sea in order to claim insurance.
  • Dec 31st Bank of North America, 1st US bank opens