Historical Events for Year 1781
Events 1 - 37 of 37
Jan 1st - 1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey as part of the Pennsylvania (Continentals; Regiment) Mutiny of 1781.
Jan 4th - Andre Méchain discovers M80 (globular cluster in Scorpio)
Jan 5th - British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia
Jan 6th - Battle of Jersey (Island in UK)
Jan 20th - 1st edition of Pieter It Hoens "Post of Neder-Rhijn" published
Jan 29th - Mozart's opera "Idomeneo" premieres, Munich
Jan 30th - Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland
Feb 3rd - Dutch West Indies island of St Eustatia taken by British
Mar 1st - Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation
Mar 13th - William Herschel sees what he thinks is a "comet" but is actually the discovery of the planet Uranus
Mar 15th - Battle of Guilford Court House, SC (British suffer heavy losses)
Mar 18th - Charles Messier rediscovers global cluster M92
Apr 8th - Premiere of Mozart's violin sonata K379
Astronomer William Herschel Apr 29th - French fleet occupies Tobago during American War of Independence
Apr 29th - French fleet stopped Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope
May 1st - Emperor Jozef II decrees protection of population
May 26th - Bank of North America incorporates in Philadelphia
Jun 3rd - Jack Jouett rides to warn Thomas Jefferson of British attack
Jul 11th - Thomas Hutchins designated Geographer of US
Aug 1st - British army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia
Aug 5th - Battle at Dogger Bank: Dutch fleet vs English fleet
Aug 20th - George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis
Aug 30th - French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British under Admiral Graves at battle of Chesapeake Capes in American Revolutionary War
Sep 4th - Los Angeles is founded by 44 Spanish speaking mestizos in the Bahia de las Fumas (Bay of Smokes)
First US President George Washington Sep 5th - Battle of Virginia Capes, French defeat British, trap Cornwallis
Sep 6th - The Battle of Groton Heights takes place, resulting a British victory.
Sep 25th - -26] Joan Derks scatters "On the People of Netherlands" pamphlets
Sep 28th - 9,000 American forces & 7,000 French forces begin siege of Yorktown
Oct 6th - Americans & French begin siege of Cornwallis at Yorktown; last battle of American Revolutionary War
Oct 16th - Washington takes Yorktown
Oct 17th - Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown
Oct 19th - British General Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 pm; US Revolutionary War ends
Oct 20th - Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, was approved in Habsburg Monarchy.
Nov 5th - John Hanson elected first "President of US in Congress assembled"
Nov 13th - British troops occupy Negapatam, Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
Nov 29th - Crew of the slave ship Zong murder approx. 142 African slaves by dumping them into the sea in order to claim insurance.
Dec 31st - Bank of North America, 1st US bank opens