Historical Events in 1783

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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 1 William Herschel announces star Lambda Herculis as apex

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel
  • Feb 3 Spain recognizes US independence
  • Feb 4 Worst quake in 8 years kills some 50,000 (Calabria, Italy)
  • Feb 5 Earthquakes ravage Calabria, killing 30,000
  • Feb 5 Sweden recognizes US independence
  • Mar 5 King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski grants rights to Jews of Kovno
  • Mar 10 USS Alliance under Captain Barry fights and wins last naval battle of US Revolutionary War off Cape Canaveral

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 15 In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy. The plea is successful and the threatened coup d'etat never takes place.

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Apr 3 Sweden & US sign a treaty of Amity & Commerce

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 8 Catherine II of Russia annexes the Crimea

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • Apr 9 Tippu Sahib drives out British from Bednore, India
  • Apr 11 Hostilities formally cease in the American Revolutionary War
  • Apr 18 Fighting ceases in the American Revolution, eight years to the day since it began.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant is promoted by brevet to Major of Engineers in recognition of his service to American liberty

Washington D.C. Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Washington D.C. Architect
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
  • May 4 Herschel reports seeing a red glow near lunar crater Aristarchus
  • May 18 First United Empire Loyalists reach Parrtown, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada after leaving the United States.
  • May 30 Benjamin Tower of Philadelphia publishes 1st daily newspaper in US
  • Jun 4 Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier make 1st public hot-air balloon flight (unmanned), covering 2km and lasting 10 minutes with an estimated altitude of 1,600-2,000m
  • Jun 8 Laki Volcano in southern Iceland begins 8-month eruption
  • Jul 15 1st steamboat, Pyroscaphe, 1st run in France
  • Jul 24 Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia
  • Jul 29 Skaptar Volcano on Iceland erupts killing about 9,000
  • Aug 27 First hydrogen balloon flight (unmanned); reaches an altitude of 900m
  • Sep 3 Treaty of Paris signed in Paris ends the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and United States of America
  • Sep 26 Fayette County, Pennsylvania created
  • Oct 6 Benjamin Hanks patents self-winding clock
  • Oct 15 Jean Pilstre de Rozier makes 1st tethered balloon ascent
  • Nov 2 General George Washington, later 1st US President, bids farewell to his army after the American Revolutionary War
  • Nov 3 Washington orders Continental Army disbanded
  • Nov 3 John Austin, a highwayman, is the last to be publicly hanged at London's Tyburn gallows.

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Nov 4 W.A. Mozart's Symphony No. 36 is premiered in Linz, Austria.

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
  • Nov 21 Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and Marquis d'Arlandes make 1st manned free balloon flight in a Montgolfier balloon
  • Nov 23 Annapolis Maryland, becomes US capital (until June 1784)
  • Nov 25 Britain evacuates New York city, its last military position in United States
  • Dec 1 Jacques Charles and Nicolas Roberts make first untethered ascension with gas hydrogen balloon in Paris
  • Dec 4 Gen Washington bids officers farewell at Fraunce's Tavern, NYC
  • Dec 7 Theatre Royal opens in Covent Garden, London
  • Dec 7 William Pitt the Younger (24) becomes the youngest ever British Prime Minister
  • Dec 9 First execution at Newgate Jail in London, relocated from Tyburn (now the site of Marble Arch)
  • Dec 18 British King George III dissmisses government of Portland
  • Dec 19 British government of William Pitt the Younger forms
  • Dec 23 General George Washington resigns his military commission as Commander-in-Chief of the Army to Congress
  • Dec 31 Import of African slaves banned by all of the Northern US states