Historical Events in 1785

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  • Jan 1 "Daily Universal Register" (Times of London) publishes 1st issue
  • Jan 7 1st balloon flight across English Channel (Jean Pierre Blanchard & John Jeffries)
  • Jan 11 Continental Congress convenes in NYC
  • Jan 13 John Walter publishes first issue of London Times

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 14 Mozart completes "Dissonantenkwartet" (opus 10)

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
  • Jan 15 Mozart's string quartet opus 10 premieres
  • Jan 19 First manned balloon flight in Ireland
  • Jan 20 Samuel Ellis advertises to sell Oyster Island (Ellis Is), no takers
  • Jan 27 1st US state university chartered, Athens, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 In a surprising announcement, John Hancock resigns as Governor of Massachusetts, allegedly due to his failing health

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • Mar 1 Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 James Hutton, geologist, presents his full theory of uniformitarianism at a meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

Geologist James Hutton
Geologist
James Hutton
  • Apr 20 Thomas Warton appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 21 Catherine II of Russia confers on the nobility the "Charter to the Nobility", increasing further the power of the landed oligarchs

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Kamehameha, the king of Hawaiʻi defeats Kalanikupule and establishes the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi

King of Hawaii Kamehameha I
King of Hawaii
Kamehameha I
  • May 9 British inventor Joseph Bramah patents beer-pump handle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 23 Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Jun 15 2 French balloonists die in world's 1st fatal aviation accident
  • Jul 4 James Hutton, geologist, publicly reads an abstract of his theory of uniformitarianism for the first time at the meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
  • Jul 6 Congress unanimously resolves US currency named "dollar" & adopts decimal coinage
  • Jul 12 1st manned flight by gas balloon in Netherlands
  • Aug 1 Caroline Herschel becomes 1st woman discoverer of a comet
  • Aug 15 French cardinal De Rohan arrested
  • Sep 1 Mozart publishes 6th string quartet opus 10 in Vienna
  • Sep 10 Prussia signs trade agreement with US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 28 Napoleon Bonaparte (16) graduates from the military academy in Paris (42nd in a class of 51)

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Sep 29 Chasidic sect is excommunicated in Kraków Poland
  • Nov 17 Church of England organizes in New England
  • Nov 28 The Treaty of Hopewell is signed between the Confederation Congress of the United States of America and the Cherokee people