Historical Events in 1785

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  • Jan 1st "Daily Universal Register" (Times of London) publishes 1st issue
  • Jan 7th 1st balloon flight across English Channel (Jean Pierre Blanchard & John Jeffries)
  • Jan 11th Continental Congress convenes in NYC
  • Jan 13th John Walter publishes first issue of London Times

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 14th Mozart completes "Dissonantenkwartet" (opus 10)

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
  • Jan 15th Mozart's string quartet opus 10 premieres
  • Jan 19th First manned balloon flight in Ireland
  • Jan 20th Samuel Ellis advertises to sell Oyster Island (Ellis Is), no takers
  • Jan 27th 1st US state university chartered, Athens, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29th In a surprising announcement, John Hancock resigns as Governor of Massachusetts, allegedly due to his failing health

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • Mar 1st Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7th James Hutton, geologist, presents his full theory of uniformitarianism at a meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

Geologist James Hutton
Geologist
James Hutton
  • Apr 20th Thomas Warton appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 21st Catherine II of Russia confers on the nobility the "Charter to the Nobility", increasing further the power of the landed oligarchs

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1st Kamehameha, the king of Hawaiʻi defeats Kalanikupule and establishes the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi

King of Hawaii Kamehameha I
King of Hawaii
Kamehameha I
  • May 9th British inventor Joseph Bramah patents beer-pump handle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 23rd Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Jun 15th 2 French balloonists die in world's 1st fatal aviation accident
  • Jul 4th James Hutton, geologist, publicly reads an abstract of his theory of uniformitarianism for the first time at the meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
  • Jul 6th Congress unanimously resolves US currency named "dollar" & adopts decimal coinage
  • Jul 12th 1st manned flight by gas balloon in Netherlands
  • Aug 1st Caroline Herschel becomes 1st woman discoverer of a comet
  • Aug 15th French cardinal De Rohan arrested
  • Sep 1st Mozart publishes 6th string quartet opus 10 in Vienna
  • Sep 10th Prussia signs trade agreement with US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 28th Napoleon Bonaparte (16) graduates from the military academy in Paris (42nd in a class of 51)

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Sep 29th Chasidic sect is excommunicated in Kraków Poland
  • Nov 10th Netherlands & France sign treaty
  • Nov 17th Church of England organizes in New England
  • Nov 28th The Treaty of Hopewell is signed between the Confederation Congress of the United States of America and the Cherokee people