Historical Events in 1789

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  • Jan 21st 1st American novel, WH Brown's "Power of Sympathy" is published
  • Jan 23rd Georgetown, 1st US Catholic college, founded
  • Jan 26th John Odell signs contract for £336 to build St Peter's church (Bronx)
  • Feb 1st Chinese troops driven out of Vietnam capital Thang Long
  • Feb 4th 1st US electoral college chooses Washington & Adams as President and Vice-President
  • Mar 2nd Pennsylvania ends prohibition of theatrical performances

AgreementConstitution of the United States

Mar 4th 1st US Congress meets and declares constitution in effect (9 senators, 13 reps)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 11th Benjamin Banneker and Pierre Charles L'Enfant begin to lay out Washington, D.C.

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • Apr 1st US House of Representatives 1st full meeting, NYC, F Muhlenberg 1st speaker
  • Apr 6th 1st US Congress begins regular sessions, Federal Hall, NYC
  • Apr 8th First meeting of the US House of Representatives

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 16th George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 21st John Adams sworn in as 1st US VP (9 days before Washington)

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • Apr 23rd President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, NY
  • Apr 28th Fletcher Christian leads a mutiny on HMS Bounty against its captain William Bligh
  • Apr 30th George Washington is inaugurated as the first President of the United States of America
  • May 5th French Estates-General meets for the first time since 1614 at Versailles, summoned King Louis XVI
  • May 7th First US Presidential inaugural ball (for George Washington in NYC)
  • May 12th Society of St Tammany is formed by Revolutionary War soldiers. It later becomes an infamous group of NYC political bosses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12th William Wilberforce makes his first major speech on abolition in UK House of Commons, reasons the slave trade morally reprehensible and an issue of natural justice

Abolitionist William Wilberforce
Abolitionist
William Wilberforce
  • Jun 1st 1st US congressional act becomes law (on administering oaths)
  • Jun 3rd Alex Mackenzie explores Mackenzie River (Canada)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 8th James Madison introduces a proposed Bill of Rights in the U.S. House of Representatives.

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • Jun 9th Spanish capture British schooner Northwest America near Vancouver Island
  • Jun 13th Mrs Alexander Hamilton serves ice cream for dessert to Washington
  • Jun 14th Capt William Bligh reaches Timor
  • Jun 17th 3rd Estate in France declared itself a national assembly
  • Jun 20th Oath of Tennis Court (for a new constitution) in France taken
  • Jul 4th 1st US tariff act
  • Jul 14th Bastille Day-French Revolution begins with the fall of Bastille
  • Jul 15th Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, is named by acclamation colonel-general of the new National Guard of Paris.
  • Jul 27th US Congress establishes Department of Foreign Affairs (State dept)
  • Aug 1st US Customs begins enforcing Tariff Act
  • Aug 4th French National Meeting ending feudal system
  • Aug 7th US Congress creates Department of War & Lighthouse Service
  • Aug 27th French National Assembly issues "Declaration of Rights of Man & Citizen"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 28th William Herschel discovers Saturn's moon Enceladus

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel
  • Sep 2nd US Treasury Department established by Congress

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11th Alexander Hamilton appointed 1st Secretary of Treasury

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
  • Sep 13th 1st loan to US government (from NYC banks)
  • Sep 15th US Department of Foreign Affairs, renamed Department of State
  • Sep 17th William Herschel discovers Mimas, satellite of Saturn
  • Sep 18th 1st loan is made to pay salaries of the presidents & Congress
  • Sep 22nd Congress established the Postal Service, initially requiring the first Postmaster General to report to the President through the Secretary of the Treasury
  • Sep 24th US Congress establishes Post Office Department following the new constitution
  • Sep 24th US Federal Judiciary Act is passed & creates a six-person Supreme Court

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 24th President George Washington nominates John Jay the 1st Chief Justice

Ist US Chief Justice John Jay
Ist US Chief Justice
John Jay
  • Sep 24th US Attorney General Office is created
  • Sep 25th US Congress proposes Bill of Rights (10 of 12 will ratify)
  • Sep 26th 4th US Postmaster General: Samuel Osgood of Mass takes office

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 26th Thomas Jefferson appointed 1st US Secretary of State; John Jay becomes 1st US Chief Justice;

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
Ist US Chief Justice John Jay
Ist US Chief Justice
John Jay
  • Sep 26th Edmund J Randolph becomes 1st US Attorney General
  • Sep 29th 1st congress adjourns
  • Sep 29th US War Dept established a regular army
  • Oct 2nd George Washington transmits the proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification.
  • Oct 3rd Washington proclaims 1st national Thanksgiving Day on Nov 26
  • Oct 5th French Revolution: Women of Paris march to Versailles in the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris.
  • Oct 6th French Revolution: Louis XVI returns to Paris from Versailles after being confronted by the Parisian women on 5 October
  • Oct 15th 1st presidental tour-George Washington in New England
  • Nov 5th Fleeing slaves under Bonni attack military post on Suriname
  • Nov 5th French National Meeting declares all citizens equal under law
  • Nov 6th Pope Pius VI appoints Father John Carroll as the first Catholic bishop in the United States.
  • Nov 8th Bourbon Whiskey, 1st distilled from corn (by Elijah Craig, Bourbon Ky)
  • Nov 13th Ben Franklin writes "Nothing . . . certain but death & taxes"
  • Nov 20th New Jersey is 1st state to ratify Bill of Rights
  • Nov 21st North Carolina ratifies constitution, becomes 12th US state
  • Nov 26th 1st national Thanksgiving in USA