Historical Events for Year 1791

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Months in Year 1791: January - February - March - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 43 of 43

Jan 2nd - Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War.
Feb 17th - Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra)
Feb 25th - 1st Bank of US chartered
Mar 2nd - Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
Mar 3rd - 1st US internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages)
Mar 3rd - Congress establishes US Mint
Mar 4th - 1st Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office
Mar 4th - Pres Washington calls the US Senate into its 1st special session
Mar 4th - Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies)
Mar 10th - John Stone, Concord, Mass, patents a pile driver
Mar 10th - Pope condemns France's Civil Constitution of the clergy
Mar 11th - Samuel Mulliken, Phila, is 1st to obtain more than 1 US patent
Mar 21st - Capt Hopley Yeaton of NH becomes 1st commissioned officer in USN
May 3rd - The Constitution of May 3 (the first modern constitution in Europe) is proclaimed by the Sejm of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
May 15th - Maximilien Robespierre proposes the Self-denying Ordinance.
Jun 20th - King Louis XVI caught trying to escape French Revolution
Jun 21st - Fleeing French King Louis XVI & family captured at Varennes-en-Argonne
Jul 5th - Jose Maria Narvaez discovers Point Grey (now Vancouver BC)
Jul 14th - The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
Jul 17th - Members of the French National Guard under the command of General Lafayette open fire on a crowd of radical Jacobins at the Champ de Mars, Paris, during the French Revolution, killing as many as 50 people.
Aug 2nd - Samuel Briggs & his son, patent nail-making machine
Aug 4th - The Treaty of Sistova is signed, ending the Ottoman-Habsburg wars.
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin BannekerMathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker Aug 19th - Benjamin Banneker published his 1st Almanac
Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of IndependenceEngrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence Aug 19th - Benjamin Banneker writes a letter to the Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson using language from the "United States Declaration of Independence" to criticize Jefferson's pro-slavery stance and to request justice for African Americans
Aug 22nd - Haitian Slave Revolution begins under voodoo priest Boukman
Aug 26th - John Fitch granted US patent for his working steamboat
Aug 30th - HMS Pandora sank after running aground on a reef the previous day, on her return from her search for the Bounty and the mutineers who had taken her
3rd US President Thomas Jefferson3rd US President Thomas Jefferson Aug 30th - Thomas Jefferson responds to Benjamin Banneker's letter on the issue of slavery
Sep 3rd - French Constitution passed by French National Assembly
Sep 6th - Mozart's opera "La Clemenza di Tito" premieres in Prague
Sep 13th - France's King Louis XVI accepts constitution
Sep 30th - Mozart's opera "Magic Flute" premieres in Vienna
Sep 30th - The National Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as incorruptible patriots.
Oct 1st - 1st session of new French legislative assembly
Nov 3rd - Battle at Wabash: indians assault general St Clair/killed 637 soldiers
Nov 15th - 1st Catholic college in US, Georgetown, opens
Nov 21st - Colonel Napoléon Bonaparte is promoted to full general and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic.
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte Nov 29th - Chatham Islands sighted by HMS Chatham commanded by William Broughton
Dec 4th - Britain's Observer, oldest Sunday newspaper in the world, first published
Dec 12th - Bank of US opens
Dec 15th - 1st US law school established at University of Pennsylvania
Dec 15th - US Bill of Rights ratified when Virginia gives its approval. Becomes amendments 1-10 of the US constitution
Dec 17th - NYC traffic regulation creates 1st 1-way street

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