Historical Events in 1793

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  • Jan 9th 1st hot-air balloon flight in the US lifts off in Philadelphia, piloted by Jean Pierre Blanchard
  • Jan 9th Dutch Prince Willem V establishes 2 brigades Drive Artillery
  • Jan 16th French King Louis XVI sentenced to death by the National Convention during the French Revolution
  • Jan 21st Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty, dividing Poland.
  • Jan 21st Louis XVI of France is executed by the guillotine in Paris, following his conviction for high treason.
  • Jan 23rd 2nd Partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia
  • Jan 23rd Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized
  • Feb 1st France declares war on Great Britain and Netherlands
  • Feb 1st Patent granted Ralph Hodgson, NY, for oiled silk & linen
  • Feb 11th Prussian troops occupy Venlo, Netherlands
  • Feb 12th 1st US fugitive slave law passed; requires return of escaped slaves
  • Feb 24th French troops conquer Breda
  • Feb 25th 1st cabinet meeting (At George Washington's home)
  • Mar 4th French troops conquer Geertruidenberg, Netherlands
  • Mar 4th Washington's 2nd inauguration, shortest speech (133 words)
  • Mar 5th French troops are defeated by Austrian forces and Liège is recaptured.
  • Mar 18th 2nd Battle at Neerwinden: Austria army beats France
  • Mar 18th The first republican state in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
  • Mar 26th Pro-royalist uprising in Vendée region of France
  • Apr 1st Volcano Unsen on Japan erupts killing about 53,000
  • Apr 15th Bank of England issues first £5 note
  • Apr 17th Battle of Warsaw
  • Apr 22nd Pres Washington attends opening of Rickett's, 1st circus in US
  • Apr 29th Cornerstone laid for Groningen's new town hall
  • May 15th Diego Marín Aguilera flies a glider for "about 360 metres", at a height of 5-6 metres, during one of the first attempted flights.
  • May 19th Netherlands captures French island of St Maarten (held until 1795)
  • May 21st Curacao Island Council forbids criticism of House of Orange
  • May 25th Father Stephen Theodore Badin is 1st US Roman Catholic priest ordained
  • May 30th Georges Couthon chosen member of French Committee the Salut Public
  • Jun 10th 1st public zoo opens in Paris
  • Jun 10th Washington supersedes Philadelphia as US capital
  • Jun 11th 1st American stove patent is granted to Robert Haeterick
  • Jun 24th 1st republican constitution in France adopted
  • Jul 22nd Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada.
  • Jul 23rd The Prussians conquer Mayence.
  • Jul 24th France passes 1st copyright law
  • Jul 29th John Graves Simcoe decides to build a fort and settlement at Toronto, having sailed into the bay there.
  • Aug 1st France becomes 1st country to use the metric system
  • Aug 8th The insurrection of Lyon occurs during the French Revolution.
  • Aug 10th Louvre palace officially opens in Paris as The Museum Central des Arts
  • Aug 12th The Rhône départment is created when the former département of Rhône-et-Loire was split into two: Rhône and Loire (Lêre).
  • Aug 29th Slaves in French colony of St Domingue (Haiti) freed
  • Sep 5th In the French Revolution, the "Reign of Terror" begins

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Sep 18th US President George Washington lays cornerstone of Capitol building

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Sep 20th British troops under Major-general Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
  • Sep 29th Tennis is 1st mentioned in an English sporting magazine
  • Oct 5th French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.
  • Oct 16th Battle of Wattignies.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Oct 28th Eli Whitney applies for a patent on cotton gin

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • Oct 31st Execution of Girondins at Paris during Reign of Terror
  • Nov 3rd French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined.
  • Nov 10th France ends forced worship of God
  • Nov 12th Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first Mayor of Paris, is guillotined.
  • Nov 26th Republican calendar replaces Gregorian calendar in France

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Dec 9th Noah Webster establishes NY's 1st daily newspaper, the "American Minerva"

Lexicographer Noah Webster
Lexicographer
Noah Webster
  • Dec 14th 1st state road authorized, Frankfort, Ky to Cincinnati
  • Dec 18th Surrender of the frigate La Lutine by French royalists to Lord Hood; renamed HMS Lutine, she later becomes a famous treasure wreck.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Dec 23rd Thomas Jefferson warned of slave revolts in West Indies

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Dec 26th Battle of Geisberg: French defeat Austrians.