Historical Events in 1793

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  • Jan 9th 1st hot-air balloon flight in the US lifts off in Philadelphia, piloted by Jean Pierre Blanchard
  • Jan 9th Dutch Prince Willem V establishes 2 brigades Drive Artillery
  • Jan 16th French King Louis XVI sentenced to death by the National Convention during the French Revolution
  • Jan 21st Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty, dividing Poland.
  • Jan 21st Louis XVI of France is executed by the guillotine in Paris, following his conviction for high treason.
  • Jan 23rd 2nd Partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia
  • Jan 23rd Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized
  • Feb 1st France declares war on Great Britain and Netherlands
  • Feb 1st Patent granted Ralph Hodgson, NY, for oiled silk & linen
  • Feb 11th Prussian troops occupy Venlo, Netherlands
  • Feb 12th 1st US fugitive slave law passed; requires return of escaped slaves
  • Feb 24th French troops conquer Breda
  • Feb 25th 1st US cabinet meeting (At George Washington's home)
  • Mar 4th French troops conquer Geertruidenberg, Netherlands
  • Mar 4th Washington's 2nd inauguration as US President, shortest speech (133 words)
  • Mar 5th French troops are defeated by Austrian forces and Liège is recaptured.
  • Mar 18th 2nd Battle at Neerwinden: Austria army beats France
  • Mar 18th The first republican state in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
  • Mar 26th Pro-royalist uprising in Vendée region of France
  • Apr 15th Bank of England issues first £5 note
  • Apr 22nd President Washington attends opening of Rickett's, 1st circus in US
  • Apr 29th Cornerstone laid for Groningen's new town hall
  • May 15th Diego Marín Aguilera flies a glider for "about 360 metres", at a height of 5-6 metres, during one of the first attempted flights.
  • May 19th Netherlands captures French island of St Maarten (held until 1795)
  • May 21st Curacao Island Council forbids criticism of House of Orange
  • May 25th Father Stephen Theodore Badin is 1st US Roman Catholic priest ordained
  • May 30th Georges Couthon chosen member of French Committee the Salut Public
  • Jun 10th 1st public zoo opens in Paris
  • Jun 10th Washington supersedes Philadelphia as US capital
  • Jun 11th 1st American stove patent is granted to Robert Haeterick
  • Jun 24th 1st republican constitution in France adopted
  • Jul 22nd Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada.
  • Jul 23rd The Prussians conquer Mayence.
  • Jul 24th France passes 1st copyright law
  • Jul 29th John Graves Simcoe decides to build a fort and settlement at Toronto, having sailed into the bay there.
  • Aug 1st France becomes 1st country to use the metric system
  • Aug 8th The insurrection of Lyon occurs during the French Revolution.
  • Aug 10th Louvre palace officially opens in Paris as The Museum Central des Arts
  • Aug 12th The Rhône départment is created when the former département of Rhône-et-Loire was split into two: Rhône and Loire (Lêre).
  • Aug 29th Slaves in French colony of St Domingue (Haiti) freed
  • Sep 5th French Revolution: the "Reign of Terror" begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 18th US President George Washington lays cornerstone of Capitol building

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Sep 20th British troops under Major-general Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
  • Sep 29th Tennis is 1st mentioned in an English sporting magazine
  • Oct 5th French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.
  • Oct 16th Battle of Wattignies: French defeat Allied forces and lift siege of Maubeuge

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 28th Eli Whitney applies for a patent on cotton gin

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • Oct 31st Execution of Girondins at Paris during Reign of Terror
  • Nov 3rd French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined.
  • Nov 10th France ends forced worship of God
  • Nov 12th Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first Mayor of Paris, is guillotined.
  • Nov 26th Republican calendar replaces Gregorian calendar in France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 9th Noah Webster establishes NY's 1st daily newspaper, the "American Minerva"

Lexicographer Noah Webster
Noah Webster
  • Dec 14th 1st state road authorized, Frankfort, Ky to Cincinnati
  • Dec 18th Surrender of the frigate La Lutine by French royalists to Lord Hood; renamed HMS Lutine, she later becomes a famous treasure wreck.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 23rd Thomas Jefferson warned of slave revolts in West Indies

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Dec 26th Battle of Geisberg: French defeat Austrians.