Historical Events in 1793

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  • Jan 9 1st hot-air balloon flight in the US lifts off in Philadelphia, piloted by Jean Pierre Blanchard
  • Jan 9 Dutch Prince Willem V establishes 2 brigades Drive Artillery
  • Jan 16 French King Louis XVI sentenced to death by the National Convention during the French Revolution
  • Jan 21 Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty, dividing Poland.
  • Jan 21 Louis XVI of France is executed by the guillotine in Paris, following his conviction for high treason.
  • Jan 23 2nd Partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia
  • Jan 23 Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized
  • Feb 1 France declares war on Great Britain and Netherlands
  • Feb 1 Patent granted Ralph Hodgson, NY, for oiled silk & linen
  • Feb 11 Prussian troops occupy Venlo, Netherlands
  • Feb 12 1st US fugitive slave law passed; requires return of escaped slaves
  • Feb 24 French troops conquer Breda
  • Feb 25 1st US cabinet meeting (At George Washington's home)
  • Mar 4 French troops conquer Geertruidenberg, Netherlands
  • Mar 4 Washington's 2nd inauguration as US President, shortest speech (133 words)
  • Mar 5 French troops are defeated by Austrian forces and Liège is recaptured.
  • Mar 18 2nd Battle at Neerwinden: Austria army beats France
  • Mar 18 The first republican state in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
  • Mar 26 Pro-royalist uprising in Vendée region of France
  • Apr 15 Bank of England issues first £5 note
  • Apr 22 President Washington attends opening of Rickett's, 1st circus in US
  • Apr 29 Cornerstone laid for Groningen's new town hall
  • May 15 Diego Marín Aguilera flies a glider for "about 360 metres", at a height of 5-6 metres, during one of the first attempted flights.
  • May 19 Netherlands captures French island of St Maarten (held until 1795)
  • May 21 Curacao Island Council forbids criticism of House of Orange
  • May 25 Father Stephen Theodore Badin is 1st US Roman Catholic priest ordained
  • May 30 Georges Couthon chosen member of French Committee the Salut Public
  • Jun 10 1st public zoo opens in Paris
  • Jun 10 Washington supersedes Philadelphia as US capital
  • Jun 11 1st American stove patent is granted to Robert Haeterick
  • Jun 24 1st republican constitution in France adopted
  • Jul 22 Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada.
  • Jul 23 The Prussians conquer Mayence.
  • Jul 24 France passes 1st copyright law
  • Jul 29 John Graves Simcoe decides to build a fort and settlement at Toronto, having sailed into the bay there.
  • Aug 1 France becomes 1st country to use the metric system
  • Aug 8 The insurrection of Lyon occurs during the French Revolution.
  • Aug 10 Louvre palace officially opens in Paris as The Museum Central des Arts
  • Aug 12 The Rhône départment is created when the former département of Rhône-et-Loire was split into two: Rhône and Loire (Lêre).
  • Aug 29 Slaves in French colony of St Domingue (Haiti) freed
  • Sep 5 French Revolution: the "Reign of Terror" begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 18 US President George Washington lays cornerstone of Capitol building

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Sep 20 British troops under Major-general Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
  • Sep 29 Tennis is 1st mentioned in an English sporting magazine
  • Oct 5 French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.
  • Oct 16 Battle of Wattignies: French defeat Allied forces and lift siege of Maubeuge

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 28 Eli Whitney applies for a patent on cotton gin

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • Oct 31 Execution of Girondins ain Paris during Reign of Terror
  • Nov 3 French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined.
  • Nov 10 France ends forced worship of God
  • Nov 12 Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first Mayor of Paris, is guillotined.
  • Nov 26 Republican calendar replaces Gregorian calendar in France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 9 Noah Webster establishes New York's 1st daily newspaper, the "American Minerva"

Lexicographer Noah Webster
Lexicographer
Noah Webster
  • Dec 14 1st state road authorized, Frankfort, Ky to Cincinnati
  • Dec 18 Surrender of the frigate La Lutine by French royalists to Lord Hood; renamed HMS Lutine, she later becomes a famous treasure wreck.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 23 Thomas Jefferson warned of slave revolts in West Indies

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Dec 26 Battle of Geisberg: French defeat Austrians.