Historical Events in 1794

  • Jan 11 Robert Forsythe, a U.S. Marshal is killed in Augusta, Georgia when trying to serve court papers, the first US marshal to die while carrying out his duties.
  • Jan 13 Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes
  • Jan 14 Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom, Va, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operation in the US on his wife
  • Feb 4 French National Convention proclaims abolishment of slavery
  • Feb 10 Joseph Haydn's 99th Symphony in E premieres
  • Feb 11 1st session of US Senate open to the public
  • Feb 14 1st US textile machinery patent granted, to James Davenport, Phila
  • Feb 26 Christiansborg Castle, Copenhagen burns down.
  • Feb 28 US Senate voids Pennsylvania's election of Abraham Gallatin
  • Mar 3 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's 101st Symphony in D
  • Mar 3 Richard Allen founded African Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Mar 12 Theatre Royal in London's Dury Lane opens after being rebuilt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 14 Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin machine revolutionizing the cotton industry in the southern US states

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • Mar 22 Congress bans US vessels from supplying slaves to other countries
  • Mar 23 Josiah Pierson patents a "cold-header" (rivet) machine
  • Mar 23 Lt-general Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland
  • Mar 27 The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.
  • Mar 27 Denmark and Sweden form a neutrality compact.
  • Mar 28 Louvre opens to the public (although officially opened since August)
  • Mar 28 Allies under the prince of Coburg defeat French forces at Le Cateau.
  • Apr 21 NYC formally declares coast of Ellis Island publically owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British
  • Apr 30 The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.
  • May 6 Haiti, under Toussaint L'Ouverture, revolts against France
  • May 17 Hard frost in southern New England
  • May 18 2nd battle of Bouvines (France-Austria)
  • Jun 1 Glorious First of June; first naval battle between Britain (under Admiral Lord Howe) and France (Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse) during French Revolutionary Wars. Britain gains tactical win.
  • Jun 4 Congress passes Neutrality Act, bans Americans from serving in armed forces of foreign powers
  • Jun 5 US Congress prohibits citizens from serving in foreign armed forces
  • Jun 10 Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Philadelphia forms
  • Jun 10 France revolutionary regime begins trials
  • Jun 16 1st stone laid at biggest Dutch grain windmill De Walvisch in Schiedam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 Russian Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great) grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • Jun 24 Bowdoin College is founded in Maine, USA
  • Jun 25 French troops occupy Charleroi
  • Jun 26 Battle of Fleurus: major victory by forces of the First French Republic under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan over the Coalition Army (Great Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburgs) first use of reconnaissance balloon
  • Jun 30 Battle of Fort Recovery, Ohio
  • Jul 2 2nd Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
  • Jul 13 Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
  • Jul 17 Richard Allen organizes Philadelphia's Bethel African Meth Episcopal Church
  • Jul 27 Coup of thermidor/fall of Robespierre in Paris
  • Jul 28 French Revolution figure Robespierre & 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris
  • Jul 29 African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas in Philadelphia, dedicated
  • Jul 31 All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem
  • Aug 1 Whiskey Rebellion begins in western Pennsylvania
  • Aug 8 Joseph Whidbey and George Vancouver lead an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska.
  • Aug 16 Hungarian revolutionary Ignác Martinovics arrested in Vienna
  • Aug 20 Gen "Mad Anthony" Wayne defeated the Indians at Fallen Timbers, Ohio
  • Aug 26 French troops occupy Lock
  • Sep 27 French troops conquer Crèvecoeur
  • Oct 9 French troops occupy Hertogenbosch
  • Oct 29 French troops occupies Venlo
  • Oct 31 John Dalton's first lecture to Manchester Literary/Philosophical Society
  • Nov 3 French troops conquer Maastricht
  • Nov 7 French troops conquer Nijmegen
  • Nov 9 Russian troops occupy Warsaw
  • Nov 19 Jakobin Club forms in Paris
  • Nov 19 Jay Treaty, first US extradition treaty, signed with Great Britain
  • Nov 21 Honolulu Harbor discovered
  • Nov 22 Strasbourg Alsace-Lorraine, prohibits circumcision & wearing of beards
  • Dec 8 1st issue of Herald of Rutland, VT published
  • Dec 15 Revolutionary Tribunal abolished in France
  • Dec 30 French troops conquer Grave Neth