Historical Events in 1794

  • Jan 11th Robert Forsythe, a U.S. Marshal is killed in Augusta, Georgia when trying to serve court papers, the first US marshal to die while carrying out his duties.
  • Jan 13th Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes
  • Jan 14th Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom, Va, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operation in the US on his wife
  • Feb 4th French National Convention proclaims abolishment of slavery
  • Feb 10th Joseph Haydn's 99th Symphony in E premieres
  • Feb 11th 1st session of US Senate open to the public
  • Feb 14th 1st US textile machinery patent granted, to James Davenport, Phila
  • Feb 26th Christiansborg Castle, Copenhagen burns down.
  • Feb 28th US Senate voids Pennsylvania's election of Abraham Gallatin
  • Mar 3rd 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's 101st Symphony in D
  • Mar 3rd Richard Allen founded African Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Mar 12th Theatre Royal in London's Dury Lane opens after being rebuilt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 14th Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin machine revolutionizing the cotton industry in the southern US states

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • Mar 22nd Congress bans US vessels from supplying slaves to other countries
  • Mar 23rd Josiah Pierson patents a "cold-header" (rivet) machine
  • Mar 23rd Lt-general Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland
  • Mar 27th The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.
  • Mar 27th Denmark and Sweden form a neutrality compact.
  • Mar 28th Louvre opens to the public (although officially opened since August)
  • Mar 28th Allies under the prince of Coburg defeat French forces at Le Cateau.
  • Apr 21st NYC formally declares coast of Ellis Island publically owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British
  • Apr 30th The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.
  • May 6th Haiti, under Toussaint L'Ouverture, revolts against France
  • May 17th Hard frost in southern New England
  • May 18th 2nd battle of Bouvines (France-Austria)
  • Jun 1st Glorious First of June; first naval battle between Britain (under Admiral Lord Howe) and France (Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse) during French Revolutionary Wars. Britain gains tactical win.
  • Jun 4th Congress passes Neutrality Act, bans Americans from serving in armed forces of foreign powers
  • Jun 5th US Congress prohibits citizens from serving in foreign armed forces
  • Jun 10th Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Philadelphia forms
  • Jun 10th France revolutionary regime begins trials
  • Jun 16th 1st stone laid at biggest Dutch grain windmill De Walvisch in Schiedam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23rd Russian Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great) grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • Jun 24th Bowdoin College is founded in Maine, USA
  • Jun 25th French troops occupy Charleroi
  • Jun 26th Battle of Fleurus: major victory by forces of the First French Republic under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan over the Coalition Army (Great Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburgs) first use of reconnaissance balloon
  • Jun 30th Battle of Fort Recovery, Ohio
  • Jul 2nd 2nd Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
  • Jul 13th Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
  • Jul 17th Richard Allen organizes Philadelphia's Bethel African Meth Episcopal Church
  • Jul 27th Coup of thermidor/fall of Robespierre in Paris
  • Jul 28th French Revolution figure Robespierre & 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris
  • Jul 29th African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas in Philadelphia, dedicated
  • Jul 31st All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem
  • Aug 1st Whiskey Rebellion begins in western Pennsylvania
  • Aug 8th Joseph Whidbey and George Vancouver lead an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska.
  • Aug 16th Hungarian revolutionary Ignác Martinovics arrested in Vienna
  • Aug 20th Gen "Mad Anthony" Wayne defeated the Indians at Fallen Timbers, Ohio
  • Aug 26th French troops occupy Lock
  • Sep 27th French troops conquer Crèvecoeur
  • Oct 9th French troops occupy Hertogenbosch
  • Oct 29th French troops occupies Venlo
  • Oct 31st John Dalton's first lecture to Manchester Literary/Philosophical Society
  • Nov 3rd French troops conquer Maastricht
  • Nov 7th French troops conquer Nijmegen
  • Nov 9th Russian troops occupy Warsaw
  • Nov 19th Jakobin Club forms in Paris
  • Nov 19th Jay Treaty, first US extradition treaty, signed with Great Britain
  • Nov 21st Honolulu Harbor discovered
  • Nov 22nd Strasbourg Alsace-Lorraine, prohibits circumcision & wearing of beards
  • Dec 8th 1st issue of Herald of Rutland, VT published
  • Dec 15th Revolutionary Tribunal abolished in France
  • Dec 30th French troops conquer Grave Neth