Historical Events in 1797

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  • Jan 1 Albany replaces NYC as capital of NY
  • Jan 7 The modern Italian flag is first used.
  • Jan 15 1st top hat worn (John Etherington of London)
  • Jan 26 Russia, Prussia & Austria sign treaty
  • Jan 30 US Congress refuses to accept 1st petition from African American
  • Feb 4 Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000
  • Feb 12 Haydn's song "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser" premieres in Vienna

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Feb 14 The Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal. Captain Horatio Nelson distinguishes himself.

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • Feb 18 Trinidad is surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby.
  • Feb 19 One third of papal domain ceded to France
  • Feb 21 Trinidad, West Indies, surrenders to British
  • Feb 22 The Last Invasion of Britain by the French, begins near Fishguard, Wales.
  • Feb 25 Colonel William Tate and his force of 1,000-1,500 soldiers surrender after the Last Invasion of Britain (according to legend, to a bunch of Welsh women in tall black hats whom the invaders mistook for the elite guards regiment)
  • Feb 26 Bank of England issues its first £1-note

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 John Adams inaugurated as 2nd president of US

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • Mar 13 Cherubini's opera "Medée" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 28 Nathaniel Briggs of NH patents a washing machine
  • Apr 17 Sir Ralph Abercromby attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico, in what would be one of the largest invasions of Spanish territories in America.
  • Apr 18 France & Austria sign ceasefire
  • May 10 1st US Navy ship, the "United States," is launched

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

May 12 First Coalition: Napoleon I of France conquers Venice.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jun 2 1st ascent of "Great Mountain" (4,622') in Adirondack NY (C Broadhead)
  • Jun 14 Napoleon forms Ligurian Republic
  • Jun 26 Charles Newbold patents 1st cast-iron plow. He can't sell it to farmers, though, they fear effects of iron on soil!
  • Jul 8 1st US senator (William Blount of Tennessee) expelled by impeachment
  • Jul 25 Horatio Nelson loses more than 300 men and his right arm during the failed conquest attempt of Tenerife (Spain).
  • Aug 3 Emperor Francis I permits Jews who served in military in "Countries of Bohemian Crown" to marry non Jews
  • Aug 16 Comet C/1797 P1 (Bouvard-Herschel) approaches 0.0879 AUs of Earth
  • Sep 1 2nd National Meeting in Hague
  • Sep 20 US frigate Constitution (Old Ironsides) launched in Boston
  • Oct 11 Battle of Camperdown (Kamperduin): British navy defeats Dutch fleet
  • Oct 17 Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions & France
  • Oct 22 Andre-Jacques Garnerin makes 1st parachute descent from a balloon (Paris)