Historical Events in 1799

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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 British Prime Minister William Pitt introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jan 10 Friedrich von Schiller's "Die Piccolomini," premieres in Weimar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 14 Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • Jan 14 King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • Jan 17 Maltese patriot Dun Mikiel Xerri, along with a number of other patriots, was executed.
  • Jan 25 1st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont
  • Feb 9 USS Constellation captures French frigate Insurgents off Nevis, W I
  • Feb 13 1st US law regulating insurance passed by Massachusetts legislature
  • Feb 15 1st US printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 25 1st federal forestry legislation authorizes purchase of timber land
  • Feb 25 US Congress passes 1st federal quarantine legislation
  • Mar 2 Congress standardizes US weights & measures
  • Mar 6 Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa, Palestine
  • Mar 7 The Royal Institution of Great Britain founded; dedicated to scientific research and education.
  • Mar 12 Austria declares war on France
  • Mar 19 Joseph Haydn's "Die Schopfung" premieres in Vienna
  • Mar 26 Napoleon captures Jaffa, Palestine
  • Mar 28 NY State abolished slavery
  • Mar 29 New York passes a law aimed at gradually abolishing slavery in the state.
  • Apr 16 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor - Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.
  • Apr 20 Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod" premieres in Weimar
  • May 4 Fourth Anglo-Mysore War: The Battle of Seringapatam: The siege of Seringapatam ends when the city is assaulted and the Tipu Sultan killed by the besieging British army, under the command of General George Harris.
  • May 22 Napoleon makes statement in support of re-establishing Jerusalem for Jews

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 Naturalists Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland set sail in the Pizarro from A Coruña and begin their 5 year Latin American expedition

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • Jun 22 Britain & Russia decide to invade Bataafse Republic
  • Jul 7 Ranjit Singh's men take up their positions outside Lahore.
  • Jul 15 The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 24 William Clark (of Lewis & Clark) is willed the slave York

Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition
William Clark
  • Jul 25 French-Egyptian forces under Napoleon I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir
  • Aug 13 British fleet under Lord Seymour overthrows Suriname
  • Aug 23 Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.
  • Aug 27 British invasion army lands in North Holland
  • Aug 30 Batavian fleet surrenders to British
  • Sep 1 Bank of Manhattan Company opens in NYC (forerunner to Chase Manhattan)
  • Oct 2 Duke of York & Russians capture Alkmaar in Netherlands
  • Oct 6 Battle of Castricum: Franco-Dutch army beats British-Russian army
  • Oct 9 Sinking of British frigate HMS Lutine, with the loss of 240 men and a cargo worth £1,200,000 off Dutch coast.
  • Oct 10 Convention of Alkmaar: British/Russian invasion army departs
  • Oct 22 Russia leaves second anti-French Coalition
  • Nov 9 Napoleon Bonaparte becomes dictator (1st consul) of France
  • Nov 12 Andrew Ellicott makes the first known record of a meteor shower observation in the U.S, from a ship off the coast of Florida Keys
  • Dec 10 Metric system adopted in France, first country to do so

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 18 George Washington's body interred at Mount Vernon

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington