Historical Events in 1801

  • Jan 1 The Irish Parliament votes to join the Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
  • Jan 1 The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Italian monk Giuseppe Piazzi.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 John Marshall appointed US chief justice

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall
  • Feb 9 France & Austria sign Peace of Luneville

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Feb 17 US House of Representatives breaks electoral college tie, chooses Thomas Jefferson President over Aaron Burr

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • Feb 27 Washington, D.C. placed under Congressional jurisdiction
  • Mar 3 1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
  • Mar 4 Thomas Jefferson is the first US President inaugurated in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 7 Massachusetts enacts 1st state voter registration law
  • Mar 8 British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt
  • Mar 10 First official census in Great Britain, revealing a population of approximately 10 million

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Mar 14 Henry Addington becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his friend William Pitt the Younger resigns after being unable to persuade King George III of the need for Catholic Emancipation

British Prime Minister Henry Addington
British Prime Minister
Henry Addington
British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • Mar 24 Aleksandr Pavlovich Romanov becomes Tsar Alexander I of Russia

BattleBattle of Interest

Apr 2 Napoleonic Wars: naval Battle of Copenhagen - The British led by Horatio Nelson destroy the Danish fleet.

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Apr 8 Soldiers riot in Bucharest, kill 128 Jews
  • Apr 11 Johann von Schiller's "Die Jungfrau von Orleans" premieres in Leipzig
  • Apr 24 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's oratorio "Die Jahreszeiten"
  • May 10 First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of America (1st US foreign war)
  • Jun 6 Peace of Badajoz: Spain-Portugal
  • Jun 10 Tripoli declares war on US for refusing tribute
  • Jul 6 Battle at Algeciras: French fleet beats British
  • Jul 7 Toussaint L'Ouverture declares Haitian independence
  • Jul 11 French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet
  • Jul 12 2nd Battle of Algeciras: British fleet beats French & Spanish (six days after losing the 1st Battle of Algeciras)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16 Pope Pius VII & 1st consul Napoleon sign concord

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jul 20 Elisha Brown Jr pressed a 1,235 pound cheese ball at his farm
  • Oct 1 Britain & France signs Preliminary of London
  • Nov 10 Kentucky outlaws duelling
  • Nov 16 First edition of New York Evening Post