Historical Events in 1803

  • Jan 1 Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.
  • Jan 11 Monroe & Livingston sail for Paris to buy New Orleans; they buy La
  • Feb 4 William Dunlap adapts French melodrama "Voice of Nature"
  • Feb 14 Apple parer patented by Moses Coats, Downington, Penn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 14 Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void.

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall
  • Feb 19 US Congress accepts Ohio's constitution, statehood not ratified till 1953
  • Feb 24 US Supreme Court 1st rules a law unconstitutional (Marbury v Madison)
  • Feb 25 1,800 sovereign German states unite into 60 states
  • Feb 27 Great fire in Bombay, India
  • Mar 1 Ohio becomes 17th state of the Union
  • Mar 3 1st impeachment trial of a US federal judge, John Pickering, begins
  • Mar 3 Colégio Militar is founded in Portugal by Colonel Teixeira Rebello.
  • Mar 19 Friedrich Schiller's "Die Braut von Messina" premieres in Weimar
  • Apr 1 French law rules the use of intention

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 5 1st performance of Beethoven's 2nd Symphony in D

  • Apr 26 Meteorites fall in L'Aigle, France
  • Apr 30 US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase ($15 million)
  • May 16 Peace of Amiens between French Republic and Great Britain ends
  • May 17 John Hawkins & Richard French patent the Reaping Machine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 18 Britain declares war on France after Napoleon Bonaparte continues interfering in Italy & Switzerland

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • May 22 1st public library opens (Connecticut)
  • Jul 4 The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people
  • Jul 5 The convention of Artlenburg leads to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king).
  • Jul 23 Robert Emmett leads rebellion in Dublin
  • Jul 26 The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London.
  • Aug 9 1st horses arrive in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 9 Robert Fulton tests his steam paddle-boat on the River Seine, France

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • Sep 23 Battle of Assaye: British-Indian forces beat Maratha Army
  • Oct 20 US Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase
  • Oct 21 English scientist John Dalton reads his paper on the absorption of gases to the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Soc - 1st outline of his atomic theory
  • Oct 23 English physicist John Dalton reads his essay on the absorption of gases by water and presents a series of atomic weights for 21 simple and compound elements at a meeting of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society
  • Nov 18 Battle of Vertieres, in which Haitians defeat French
  • Nov 29 Dessalines & Christophe declare St Domingue (Haiti) independent
  • Nov 30 Spain cedes her claims to Louisiana Territory to France
  • Dec 20 French flag lowered in New Orleans to mark formal transfer of Louisiana Purchase from France to US for $27M