Historical Events in 1803

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  • Monday 31
  • Jan 1st Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.
  • Jan 11th Monroe & Livingston sail for Paris to buy New Orleans; they buy La
  • Feb 4th William Dunlap adapts French melodrama "Voice of Nature"
  • Feb 14th Apple parer patented by Moses Coats, Downington, Penn

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 14th Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void.

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall
  • Feb 19th US Congress accepts Ohio's constitution, statehood not ratified till 1953
  • Feb 24th US Supreme Court 1st rules a law unconstitutional (Marbury v Madison)
  • Feb 25th 1,800 sovereign German states unite into 60 states
  • Feb 27th Great fire in Bombay, India
  • Mar 1st Ohio becomes 17th state
  • Mar 3rd 1st impeachment trial of a US federal judge, John Pickering, begins
  • Mar 3rd Colégio Militar is founded in Portugal by Colonel Teixeira Rebello.
  • Mar 19th Friedrich Schiller's "Die Braut von Messina" premieres in Weimar
  • Apr 1st French law rules the use of intention

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 5th 1st performance of Beethoven's 2nd Symphony in D

  • Apr 26th Meteorites fall in L'Aigle, France
  • Apr 30th US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase ($15 million)
  • May 16th Peace of Amiens ends
  • May 17th John Hawkins & Richard French patent the Reaping Machine

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 18th Britain declares war on France after Napoleon Bonaparte continues interfering in Italy & Switzerland

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • May 22nd 1st public library opens (Connecticut)
  • Jul 4th The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people.
  • Jul 5th The convention of Artlenburg leads to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king).
  • Jul 23rd Robert Emmett leads rebellion in Dublin
  • Jul 26th The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London.
  • Aug 9th 1st horses arrive in Hawaii

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Aug 9th Robert Fulton tests his steam paddle-boat on the River Seine, France

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • Sep 23rd Battle of Assaye: British-Indian forces beat Maratha Army
  • Oct 20th US Senate ratifies Louisiana Purchase
  • Oct 21st English scientist John Dalton reads his paper on the absorption of gases to the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Soc - 1st outline of his atomic theory
  • Oct 23rd English physicist John Dalton reads his essay on the absorption of gases by water and presents a series of atomic weights for 21 simple and compound elements at a meeting of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society
  • Nov 18th Battle of Vertieres, in which Haitians defeat French
  • Nov 29th Dessalines & Christophe declare St Domingue (Haiti) independent
  • Nov 30th Spain cedes her claims to Louisiana Territory to France
  • Dec 20th French flag lowered in New Orleans to mark formal transfer of Louisiana Purchase from France to US for $27M