Historical Events in 1808

  • Jan 1 African Benevolent Society (education) forms
  • Jan 1 Congress prohibits importation of slaves
  • Jan 1 Sierra Leone becomes a British colony
  • Jan 10 Herman Daendels succeeds A Wiese as gov-gen of Neth Indies
  • Jan 12 The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh.
  • Jan 19 Louis Napoleon signs 1st Dutch aviation law
  • Jan 26 Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia.
  • Feb 11 Anthracite coal 1st burned as fuel, experimentally, Wilkes-Barre, Pa
  • Mar 2 The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was held in Edinburgh.
  • Mar 6 1st college orchestra in US founded, at Harvard
  • Mar 7 Portugal's regent Dom Juan IV arrives in Rio De Janeiro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 Napoleon's brother Joseph takes the throne of Spain

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Mar 26 Charles IV of Spain abdicates in favor of his son, Ferdinand VII.
  • Mar 27 Joseph Haydn's oratorio "Die Schopfung" premieres in Vienna
  • Mar 31 French created Kingdom of Westphalia orders Jews to adopt family names
  • Apr 6 John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company.
  • Apr 8 The Roman Catholic Diocese of Baltimore was promoted to an archdiocese, with the founding of the dioceses of New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Bardstown (now Louisville) by Pope Pius VII.
  • Apr 9 Mayor Wolters offers French King Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace
  • Apr 13 William Henry Lane ("Juda") perfects tap dance
  • Apr 17 Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships
  • Apr 30 1st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri
  • May 2 Uprising against French occupation begins in Madrid
  • May 3 Day depicted by Spanish painter Goya in his "The of 3rd of May" (painted 1814)
  • May 3 Finnish War: Sweden loses the fortress of Sveaborg to Russia.
  • May 3 Peninsular War: The Madrid rebels who rose up on May 2 are fired upon near Príncipe Pío hill.
  • May 30 Napoleon Bonaparte annexes Tuscany & gave it seats in French Senate
  • Jun 1 1st US land-grant university founded-Ohio Univ, Athens, Ohio
  • Jun 15 Joseph Bonaparte becomes King of Spain.
  • Jun 22 Zebulon Pike reaches his peak
  • Jul 2 Simon Fraser completes his trip down Fraser R, BC, lands at Musqueam
  • Jul 5 Battle of Buenos Aires
  • Jul 15 French marshal Joachim Murat becomes king of Naples
  • Jul 20 Napoleon decrees all French Jews adopt family names
  • Jul 28 Mahmud II succeeds Mustafa IV as sultan of Turkey
  • Aug 17 Napoleon asks King Louis for Holland brigade towards Spain

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 21 Battle of Vimeiro: British and Portuguese forces led by General Arthur Wellesley defeat French force under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot near the village of Vimeiro, Portugal, the first Anglo-Portuguese victory of the Peninsular War.

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley
  • Sep 13 Finnish War: In the Battle of Jutas, Swedish forces under Lieutenant General Georg Carl von Döbeln beat the Russians, making von Döbeln a Swedish war hero.
  • Sep 30 Covent Garden Theatre Royal destroyed by fire
  • Oct 17 Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
  • Oct 31 Holland Brigade battle at Durango, Spain
  • Nov 10 Osage Treaty / Treaty of Fort Clark, Osage Nation cedes territory in Missouri and Arkansas to the US

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 7 James Madison elected 4th US President and George Clinton Vice-President

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison