Historical Events for Year 1809

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Months in Year 1809: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 42 of 42

Jan 1st - Holland Brigade under brig gen Chasse reaches Madrid
Jan 5th - Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain & France
Jan 12th - British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
Jan 16th - Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
Jan 20th - 1st US geology book published by William Maclure
Feb 1st - Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
Feb 3rd - Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
Feb 8th - Franz I of Austria declares war on France
Feb 11th - Robert Fulton patents steamboat
Feb 13th - French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
Feb 20th - US Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state
Mar 1st - Embargo Act of 1807 repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed
Mar 4th - Madison becomes 1st president inaugurated in American-made clothes
Mar 22nd - Charles XIII succeeds Gustav IV Adolf to the Swedish throne.
Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert FultonCommercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton Mar 28th - Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin.
Mar 29th - King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
Apr 18th - First run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket, England
Apr 20th - Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
Apr 22nd - Battle at Eckmuhl - Napoleon beats Austria Archduke Karl
May 5th - Citizenship is denied to Jews of Canton of Aargau Switzerland
May 5th - Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a US patent (weaving straw)
May 17th - Papal States annexed by France
May 21st - Battle of Aspern-Essling: Austrian archduke Karl beats Napoleon
May 24th - Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war
Jun 1st - Allardyce Barclay begins a bet of walking 1 mile every hour for 1,000 hours. Each hour he walked a mile round trip from his home
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte Jun 6th - Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established with a new constituion empowering Riksdag after 20 years of absolute monarchy
Jun 8th - William Hyde Wollaston invents the first reflective goniometer
Jun 10th - 1st US steamboat to a make an ocean voyage leaves NY for Phila
Jul 5th - -6) Battle of Wagram - Napoleon beats archduke Charles
Jul 16th - La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva. The first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo
Jul 27th - Battle of Talavera: British/Spanish army vs French army
Jul 30th - British armed force of 39,000 lands in Walcheren
Jul 31st - 1st practical US railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Phila
Aug 8th - 70 disciples of Gaon of Vilnius, arrive in Palestine
Aug 10th - Ecuador declares independence from Spain (National Day)
Sep 17th - Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
Sep 18th - Royal Opera House in London opens
Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether LewisSoldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis Oct 11th - Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder's Stand.
Nov 22nd - Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen
Dec 25th - Physician Ephraim McDowell performs the first abdominal surgery in the U.S, an ovariotomy to remove a 22 lb ovarian tumor
Dec 26th - British invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen
Dec 30th - Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston

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