Historical Events in 1809

  • Jan 1 Holland Brigade under brig gen Chasse reaches Madrid
  • Jan 5 Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain & France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 Napoleonic Wars: Invasion of Cayenne, by combined British, Portuguese and colonial Brazilian forces, begins

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jan 12 British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • Jan 16 Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
  • Jan 20 1st US geology book published by William Maclure
  • Feb 1 Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
  • Feb 3 Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
  • Feb 8 Franz I of Austria declares war on France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 11 Robert Fulton patents steamboat

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • Feb 13 French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
  • Feb 20 US Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state
  • Mar 1 Embargo Act of 1807 repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed
  • Mar 4 Madison becomes 1st president inaugurated in American-made clothes
  • Mar 22 Charles XIII succeeds Gustav IV Adolf to the Swedish throne.
  • Mar 28 Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin.
  • Mar 29 King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
  • Apr 18 First run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket, England
  • Apr 20 Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
  • Apr 22 Battle at Eckmuhl - Napoleon beats Austria Archduke Karl
  • May 5 Citizenship is denied to Jews of Canton of Aargau Switzerland
  • May 5 Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a US patent (weaving straw)
  • May 17 Papal States annexed by France
  • May 21 Battle of Aspern-Essling: Austrian archduke Karl beats Napoleon
  • May 24 Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war
  • Jun 1 Allardyce Barclay begins a bet of walking 1 mile every hour for 1,000 hours. Each hour he walked a mile round trip from his home
  • Jun 6 Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established with a new constituion empowering Riksdag after 20 years of absolute monarchy
  • Jun 8 William Hyde Wollaston invents the first reflective goniometer
  • Jun 10 1st US steamboat to a make an ocean voyage leaves NY for Phila
  • Jul 5 -6) Battle of Wagram - Napoleon beats archduke Charles
  • Jul 16 La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva. The first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo
  • Jul 27 Battle of Talavera: British/Spanish army vs French army
  • Jul 30 British armed force of 39,000 lands in Walcheren
  • Jul 31 1st practical US railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Phila
  • Aug 8 70 disciples of Gaon of Vilnius, arrive in Palestine
  • Aug 10 Ecuador declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • Sep 17 Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  • Sep 18 Royal Opera House in London opens

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Oct 4 Spencer Perceval becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after William Cavendish-Bentinck retires due to ill health

British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister
Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 11 Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder's Stand.

Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis
Soldier/Public Administrator
Meriwether Lewis
  • Nov 22 Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen
  • Dec 25 Physician Ephraim McDowell performs the first abdominal surgery in the U.S, an ovariotomy to remove a 22 lb ovarian tumor
  • Dec 26 British invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen
  • Dec 30 Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston