Historical Events in 1809

  • Jan 1 Holland Brigade under brig gen Chasse reaches Madrid
  • Jan 5 Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain & France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 Napoleonic Wars: Invasion of Cayenne, by combined British, Portuguese and colonial Brazilian forces, begins

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jan 12 British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • Jan 16 Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
  • Jan 20 1st US geology book published by William Maclure
  • Feb 1 Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
  • Feb 3 Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
  • Feb 8 Franz I of Austria declares war on France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 11 Robert Fulton patents steamboat

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • Feb 13 French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
  • Feb 20 US Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state
  • Mar 1 Embargo Act of 1807 repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed
  • Mar 4 Madison becomes 1st president inaugurated in American-made clothes
  • Mar 22 Charles XIII succeeds Gustav IV Adolf to the Swedish throne.
  • Mar 28 Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin.
  • Mar 29 King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
  • Apr 18 First run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket, England
  • Apr 20 Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
  • Apr 22 Battle at Eckmuhl - Napoleon beats Austria Archduke Karl
  • May 5 Citizenship is denied to Jews of Canton of Aargau Switzerland
  • May 5 Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a US patent (weaving straw)
  • May 17 Papal States annexed by France
  • May 21 Battle of Aspern-Essling: Austrian archduke Karl beats Napoleon
  • May 24 Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war
  • Jun 1 Allardyce Barclay begins a bet of walking 1 mile every hour for 1,000 hours. Each hour he walked a mile round trip from his home
  • Jun 6 Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established with a new constituion empowering Riksdag after 20 years of absolute monarchy
  • Jun 8 William Hyde Wollaston invents the first reflective goniometer
  • Jun 10 1st US steamboat to a make an ocean voyage leaves NY for Phila
  • Jul 5 -6) Battle of Wagram - Napoleon beats archduke Charles
  • Jul 16 La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva. The first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo
  • Jul 27 Battle of Talavera: British/Spanish army vs French army
  • Jul 30 British armed force of 39,000 lands in Walcheren
  • Jul 31 1st practical US railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Phila
  • Aug 8 70 disciples of Gaon of Vilnius, arrive in Palestine
  • Aug 10 Ecuador declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • Sep 17 Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  • Sep 18 Royal Opera House in London opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 11 Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder's Stand.

Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis
Soldier/Public Administrator
Meriwether Lewis
  • Nov 22 Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen
  • Dec 25 Physician Ephraim McDowell performs the first abdominal surgery in the U.S, an ovariotomy to remove a 22 lb ovarian tumor
  • Dec 26 British invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen
  • Dec 30 Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston