Historical Events in 1809

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  • Jan 1st Holland Brigade under brig gen Chasse reaches Madrid
  • Jan 5th Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain & France
  • Jan 6th Napoleonic Wars: Invasion of Cayenne, by combined British, Portuguese and colonial Brazilian forces, begins
  • Jan 12th British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • Jan 16th Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
  • Jan 20th 1st US geology book published by William Maclure
  • Feb 1st Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
  • Feb 3rd Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
  • Feb 8th Franz I of Austria declares war on France

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 11th Robert Fulton patents steamboat

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • Feb 13th French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
  • Feb 20th US Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state
  • Mar 1st Embargo Act of 1807 repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed
  • Mar 4th Madison becomes 1st president inaugurated in American-made clothes
  • Mar 22nd Charles XIII succeeds Gustav IV Adolf to the Swedish throne.
  • Mar 28th Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin.
  • Mar 29th King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
  • Apr 18th First run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket, England

Victory-in-battleVictory in Battle

Apr 20th Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Apr 22nd Battle at Eckmuhl - Napoleon beats Austria Archduke Karl
  • May 5th Citizenship is denied to Jews of Canton of Aargau Switzerland
  • May 5th Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a US patent (weaving straw)
  • May 17th Papal States annexed by France
  • May 21st Battle of Aspern-Essling: Austrian archduke Karl beats Napoleon
  • May 24th Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war
  • Jun 1st Allardyce Barclay begins a bet of walking 1 mile every hour for 1,000 hours. Each hour he walked a mile round trip from his home
  • Jun 6th Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established with a new constituion empowering Riksdag after 20 years of absolute monarchy
  • Jun 8th William Hyde Wollaston invents the first reflective goniometer
  • Jun 10th 1st US steamboat to a make an ocean voyage leaves NY for Phila
  • Jul 5th -6) Battle of Wagram - Napoleon beats archduke Charles
  • Jul 16th La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva. The first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo
  • Jul 27th Battle of Talavera: British/Spanish army vs French army
  • Jul 30th British armed force of 39,000 lands in Walcheren
  • Jul 31st 1st practical US railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Phila
  • Aug 8th 70 disciples of Gaon of Vilnius, arrive in Palestine
  • Aug 10th Ecuador declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • Sep 17th Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  • Sep 18th Royal Opera House in London opens

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Oct 11th Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder's Stand.

Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis
Soldier/Public Administrator
Meriwether Lewis
  • Nov 22nd Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen
  • Dec 25th Physician Ephraim McDowell performs the first abdominal surgery in the U.S, an ovariotomy to remove a 22 lb ovarian tumor
  • Dec 26th British invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen
  • Dec 30th Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston