Historical Events in 1809

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  • Jan 1st Holland Brigade under brig gen Chasse reaches Madrid
  • Jan 5th Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain & France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6th Napoleonic Wars: Invasion of Cayenne, by combined British, Portuguese and colonial Brazilian forces, begins

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jan 12th British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • Jan 16th Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
  • Jan 20th 1st US geology book published by William Maclure
  • Feb 1st Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
  • Feb 3rd Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
  • Feb 8th Franz I of Austria declares war on France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 11th Robert Fulton patents steamboat

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • Feb 13th French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
  • Feb 20th US Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state
  • Mar 1st Embargo Act of 1807 repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed
  • Mar 4th Madison becomes 1st president inaugurated in American-made clothes
  • Mar 22nd Charles XIII succeeds Gustav IV Adolf to the Swedish throne.
  • Mar 28th Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin.
  • Mar 29th King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
  • Apr 18th First run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket, England
  • Apr 20th Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
  • Apr 22nd Battle at Eckmuhl - Napoleon beats Austria Archduke Karl
  • May 5th Citizenship is denied to Jews of Canton of Aargau Switzerland
  • May 5th Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a US patent (weaving straw)
  • May 17th Papal States annexed by France
  • May 21st Battle of Aspern-Essling: Austrian archduke Karl beats Napoleon
  • May 24th Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war
  • Jun 1st Allardyce Barclay begins a bet of walking 1 mile every hour for 1,000 hours. Each hour he walked a mile round trip from his home
  • Jun 6th Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established with a new constituion empowering Riksdag after 20 years of absolute monarchy
  • Jun 8th William Hyde Wollaston invents the first reflective goniometer
  • Jun 10th 1st US steamboat to a make an ocean voyage leaves NY for Phila
  • Jul 5th -6) Battle of Wagram - Napoleon beats archduke Charles
  • Jul 16th La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva. The first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo
  • Jul 27th Battle of Talavera: British/Spanish army vs French army
  • Jul 30th British armed force of 39,000 lands in Walcheren
  • Jul 31st 1st practical US railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Phila
  • Aug 8th 70 disciples of Gaon of Vilnius, arrive in Palestine
  • Aug 10th Ecuador declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • Sep 17th Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  • Sep 18th Royal Opera House in London opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 11th Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder's Stand.

Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis
Soldier/Public Administrator
Meriwether Lewis
  • Nov 22nd Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen
  • Dec 25th Physician Ephraim McDowell performs the first abdominal surgery in the U.S, an ovariotomy to remove a 22 lb ovarian tumor
  • Dec 26th British invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen
  • Dec 30th Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston