Historical Events in 1812

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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9th Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jan 12th 1st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 19th Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley
  • Jan 23rd 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • Feb 7th 8.2 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • Feb 7th Poet Lord Byron (6th Baron Byron) makes his maiden speech in House of Lords
  • Feb 11th Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry signs a redistricting bill - first "gerrymander"
  • Mar 3rd US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
  • Mar 11th Citizenship granted to Prussian Jews
  • Mar 14th Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
  • Mar 15th 1st Russian settlement in California, Russian River
  • Mar 26th Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas, Venezuela; about 20,000 die
  • Apr 5th British storm Badajoz fortress in Extremadura, Spain, held by French & Spanish
  • Apr 30th (Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state
  • May 11th Waltz introduced into English ballrooms. Some observers consider it disgusting and immoral.

MurderAssassination

May 11th British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated by John Bellingham in the lobby of the House of Commons, London. Ironically, descendants of both were later elected to Parliament at the same time.

British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister
Spencer Perceval
  • Jun 4th Louisiana Territory officially renamed "Missouri Territory"
  • Jun 18th War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 22nd Upon learning of plans by the Americans to execute a surprise attack, Laura Secord walks 32 km to warn the British troops, which results in a British surprise victory at the Battle of Beaver Dams

Canadian War Heroine Laura Secord
Canadian War Heroine
Laura Secord
  • Jun 24th Napoleon Bonaparte's forces invade Russia crossing the Neman River
  • Jul 11th US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)
  • Jul 12th US forces led by Gen Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)
  • Jul 22nd Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain
  • Jul 23rd Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napoleon fights Tsar Alexander I
  • Aug 1st Rare tornado hits Westchester County NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 5th War of 1812: Tecumseh's Native American force ambushes Thomas Van Horne's 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat.

Native American Leader of the Shawnee Tecumseh
Native American Leader of the Shawnee
Tecumseh
  • Aug 12th Duke of Wellington's troops enter Madrid
  • Aug 16th General Hull surrenders Detroit & Michigan territory to British forces
  • Aug 16th British forces under the command of Major General Sir Isaac Brock capture Fort Detroit with the help of Indigenous warriors led by Tecumseh
  • Aug 19th US warship Constitution defeats British warship Guerriere
  • Sep 3rd World's first cannery ( Donkin, Hall and Gamble) opens in London, England to supply food to the Royal Navy
  • Sep 7th Battle at Borodino: Napoleon-Kutuzov
  • Sep 14th Napoleon occupies Moscow & fires start (fire extinguished on the 19th)
  • Sep 15th French army under Napoleon reaches Kremlin, Moscow
  • Sep 18th Great Fire of Moscow burns out after 5 day, 75% of the city destroyed and 12,000 killed
  • Oct 13th Battle of Queenstown Heights: British forces defeat United States forces attempting to invade Canada
  • Oct 14th Work on London's Regent's Canal starts.
  • Oct 19th Napoleon's forces begin their retreat from Moscow
  • Oct 22nd Duke of Wellington seizes Burgos, Spain
  • Oct 23rd Failed coup against emperor Napoleon
  • Oct 24th Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow.
  • Oct 25th US frigate United States captures British vessel Macedonian
  • Nov 3rd Napoleonic armies defeated at Vyazma
  • Nov 17th Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Krasnoi during Napoleon's retreat from Moscow
  • Nov 29th Napoleon's Grand Army crosses Berezina River in retreat from Russia

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 2nd James Madison re-elected president of US, E Gerry vice-pres

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • Dec 4th Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pa, patents a horse-drawn mower
  • Dec 11th 1st newspaper on Curacao (Curacao Gazette & Commercial Advertiser)
  • Dec 12th French invasion of Russia comes to an end.
  • Dec 14th The French Invasion of Russia, led by Napoleon, officially ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 20th "Grimm's Fairy Tales" by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm is published

  • Dec 29th The USS Constitution under the command of Captain William Bainbridge, captures the HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three hour battle.