Historical Events in 1812

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jan 12 1st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 19 Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley
  • Jan 23 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • Feb 7 8.2 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • Feb 7 Poet Lord Byron (6th Baron Byron) makes his maiden speech in House of Lords
  • Feb 11 Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry signs a redistricting bill - first "gerrymander"
  • Mar 3 US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
  • Mar 11 Citizenship granted to Prussian Jews
  • Mar 14 Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
  • Mar 15 1st Russian settlement in California, Russian River
  • Mar 26 Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas, Venezuela; about 20,000 die
  • Apr 5 British storm Badajoz fortress in Extremadura, Spain, held by French & Spanish
  • Apr 30 (Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state
  • May 11 Waltz introduced into English ballrooms. Some observers consider it disgusting and immoral.

MurderAssassination

May 11 British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated by John Bellingham in the lobby of the House of Commons, London. Ironically, descendants of both were later elected to Parliament at the same time.

British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister
Spencer Perceval
  • Jun 4 Louisiana Territory officially renamed "Missouri Territory"

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jun 8 Robert Jenkinson becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after Spencer Perceval's assassination

British Prime Minister Robert Jenkinson
British Prime Minister
Robert Jenkinson
British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister
Spencer Perceval
  • Jun 18 War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 22 Upon learning of plans by the Americans to execute a surprise attack, Laura Secord walks 32 km to warn the British troops, which results in a British surprise victory at the Battle of Beaver Dams

Canadian War Heroine Laura Secord
Canadian War Heroine
Laura Secord
  • Jun 24 Napoleon Bonaparte's forces invade Russia crossing the Neman River
  • Jul 11 US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)
  • Jul 12 US forces led by Gen Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)
  • Jul 22 Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain
  • Jul 23 Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napoleon fights Tsar Alexander I
  • Aug 1 Rare tornado hits Westchester County NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 5 War of 1812: Tecumseh's Native American force ambushes Thomas Van Horne's 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat.

Native American Leader of the Shawnee Tecumseh
Native American Leader of the Shawnee
Tecumseh
  • Aug 12 Duke of Wellington's troops enter Madrid
  • Aug 16 General Hull surrenders Detroit & Michigan territory to British forces
  • Aug 16 British forces under the command of Major General Sir Isaac Brock capture Fort Detroit with the help of Indigenous warriors led by Tecumseh
  • Aug 19 US warship Constitution defeats British warship Guerriere
  • Sep 3 World's first cannery ( Donkin, Hall and Gamble) opens in London, England to supply food to the Royal Navy
  • Sep 7 Battle at Borodino: Napoleon-Kutuzov
  • Sep 14 Napoleon occupies Moscow and the fires start, extinguished by the 19th
  • Sep 15 French army under Napoleon reaches Kremlin, Moscow
  • Sep 18 Great Fire of Moscow burns out after 5 day, 75% of the city destroyed and 12,000 killed
  • Oct 13 Battle of Queenstown Heights: British forces defeat United States forces attempting to invade Canada
  • Oct 14 Work on London's Regent's Canal starts.
  • Oct 19 Napoleon's forces begin their retreat from Moscow
  • Oct 22 Duke of Wellington seizes Burgos, Spain
  • Oct 23 Failed coup against emperor Napoleon
  • Oct 24 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow.
  • Oct 25 US frigate United States captures British vessel Macedonian
  • Nov 3 Napoleonic armies defeated at Vyazma
  • Nov 17 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Krasnoi during Napoleon's retreat from Moscow
  • Nov 29 Napoleon's Grand Army crosses Berezina River in retreat from Russia

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 2 James Madison re-elected president of US, E Gerry vice-pres

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • Dec 4 Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pa, patents a horse-drawn mower
  • Dec 11 1st newspaper on Curacao (Curacao Gazette & Commercial Advertiser)
  • Dec 12 French invasion of Russia comes to an end.
  • Dec 14 The French Invasion of Russia, led by Napoleon, officially ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 20 "Grimm's Fairy Tales" by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm is published

  • Dec 29 The USS Constitution under the command of Captain William Bainbridge, captures the HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three hour battle.