Historical Events in 1813

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  • Jan 11th 1st pineapples planted in Hawaii (or 1/21)
  • Jan 14th Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)
  • Jan 21st Pineapple introduced to Hawaii (or 01/111)
  • Jan 22nd Americans capture Frenchtown, Michigan Territory

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 28th Jane Austen's "Pride and Prejudice" is published by Thomas Egerton in the United Kingdom.

Novelist Jane Austen
Jane Austen
  • Feb 23rd 1st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Mass
  • Feb 27th 1st federal vaccination legislation enacted
  • Feb 27th USnCongress authorizes use of steamboats to transport mail
  • Mar 3rd Office of Surgeon General of the US Army forms
  • Mar 8th 1st concerto of Royal Philharmonic
  • Mar 18th David Melville, Newport, RI, patents apparatus for making coal gas
  • Mar 25th 1st US flag flown in battle on the Pacific, frigate Essex
  • Apr 27th Americans under Gen Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
  • Apr 29th Ist US Rubber patent granted to Jacob F Hummel
  • May 11th In Australia, William Lawson, Gregory Blaxland and William Wentworth, lead an expedition westwards from Sydney. Their route opens up inland Australia for continued expansion throughout the 19th century.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 23rd South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator")

Military and Political Leader Simon Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simon Bolívar
  • May 27th Americans capture Ft George, Canada
  • May 31st In Australia, Lawson, Blaxland and Wentworth reached Mount Blaxland, effectively marking the end of a route across the Blue Mountains.
  • Jun 1st Capt John Lawrence utters Navy motto "Don't give up the ship"
  • Jun 6th US invasion of Canada halted at Stoney Creek (Ont)
  • Jun 21st Peninsular War: Battle of Vitoria.
  • Jun 24th Battle of Beaver Dam - British & Indian forces defeat US forces (War of 1812)
  • Jul 5th War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York begin.
  • Jul 31st British invade Plattsburgh NY
  • Aug 12th Robert Southey is appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III
  • Aug 14th British warship Pelican attacks & captures US war brigantine Argus
  • Aug 19th Gervasio Antonio de Posadas joins Argentina's second triumvirate.
  • Aug 23rd Battle of Grossbeeren - Prussians under Von Bulow repulse French

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 27th Battle of Dresden; Napoleon defeats Austrians

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Aug 30th Battle of Kulm: French forces defeated by Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
  • Sep 4th First US religious newspaper (Religious Remembrancer (Christian Observer))
  • Sep 7th "Uncle Sam" 1st used to refer to the US, by Troy Post of New York
  • Sep 10th American Naval Commander Oliver Hazard Perry defeats the British in Battle of Lake Erie
  • Sep 30th Battle of Bárbula: Simón Bolívar defeats Santiago Bobadilla
  • Oct 5th Battle of Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British
  • Oct 8th Treaty of Ried between Bayern & Austria
  • Oct 16th Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon's forces defeated by Prussia, Austria & Russia
  • Oct 20th Kingdom of Westphalia abolished
  • Oct 23rd The Pacific Fur Company trading post in Astoria, Oregon is turned over to the rival British North West Company (the fur trade in the Pacific Northwest was dominated for the next three decades by the United Kingdom).
  • Nov 2nd Treaty of Fulda signed in Germany after Battle of Leipzig
  • Nov 3rd US troops under General Coffee destroy Indian village at Talladega Ala
  • Nov 6th Chilpancingo congress declares Mexico independent of Spain
  • Nov 11th Dresden surrenders to allied armies
  • Nov 12th Allied troops occupy Zwolle Neth
  • Nov 15th Allied troops occupies Groningen
  • Nov 15th Tax revolt in Amsterdam
  • Nov 21st Stettin surrenders to allied armies
  • Nov 28th Cossacks occupy Utrecht
  • Nov 29th Elias Canneman (Lib) becomes minister of Finance
  • Nov 30th Prince Willem Frederik returns to Netherlands
  • Dec 2nd Prince Willem Frederik accepts constitutional monarchy
  • Dec 5th Lübeck surrenders to allied armies

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Dec 8th Ludwig von Beethoven's 7th Symphony in A, premieres

  • Dec 18th British take Fort Niagara in War of 1812
  • Dec 26th Zamose, Modlin, Torgau surrenders to allied armies
  • Dec 29th British burn Buffalo, NY during War of 1812
  • Dec 30th Danzig surrenders to allied armies