Historical Events in 1814

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  • Jan 1 Field marshal Blucher's troops cross the Rhine at Kaub
  • Jan 2 Lord Byron completes "The Corsair"
  • Jan 14 King of Denmark cedes Norway to King of Sweden by treaty of Kiel
  • Jan 22 1st Knights Templar grand encampment in US held, NYC
  • Jan 28 Stendahl's 1st book is published
  • Jan 29 War of the Sixth Coalition: Russia and Prussia are defeated by France in the Battle of Brienne
  • Jan 31 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina.
  • Feb 1 Lord Byron's "Corsair" sells 10,000 copies on day of publication
  • Feb 1 Volcano Mayon on Luzon Philippines erupts killing 1,200

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Feb 10 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Champaubert, the French beat the Russians

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Feb 11 Norway's independence proclaimed
  • Feb 17 Battle of Mormant: French Imperial army defeat Russian Austrian forces (War of the Sixth Coalition)
  • Feb 18 The Battle of Montereau; victory of French under Napoleon Bonaparte against Austrians and Württembergers under the King of Württemberg.

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 27 Ludwig von Beethoven's 8th Symphony in F premieres

  • Mar 7 Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne.
  • Mar 20 Prince Willem Frederik becomes monarch of Netherlands
  • Mar 25 Netherlands Bank established

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Mar 27 Battle at Horseshoe Bend: General Andrew Jackson defeats the Red Sticks, part of the Creek Indian tribe near Dadeville, Alabama

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • Mar 30 Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris after defeating Napoleon.
  • Mar 30 Murat issues the Rimini Declaration which would later inspire Italian Unification.
  • Mar 31 Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris
  • Apr 4 Napoleon abdicates for the first time in favour of his son.
  • Apr 5 Netherlands Bank issues its 1st banknotes
  • Apr 9 Elias Canneman (L) resigns as minister of Finance of the Netherlands
  • Apr 11 Napoleon abdicates unconditionally; he is exiled to Elba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 26 King Louis XVIII lands at Calais from England

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII
  • May 4 Bourbon reign restored in France
  • May 4 King Ferdinand VII of Spain signs the Decree of the 4th of May, returning Spain to absolutism.
  • May 5 British attack Ft Ontario, Oswego, NY
  • May 17 Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden (National Day)
  • May 17 Norwegian constitution passed by constitutent assembly at Eidsvoll
  • May 17 Occupation of Monaco changes from French to Austrian.
  • May 30 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition - the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.
  • Jun 22 1st match at the present Lord's, MCC v Herefordshire
  • Jul 3 Americans capture Fort Erie, Canada (War of 1812)
  • Jul 5 Americans defeat British & Canadians at Chippewa, Ontario
  • Jul 7 Walter Scott's "Waverley" published
  • Jul 18 British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisc)
  • Jul 25 Battle of Niagara Falls (Lundy's Lane); Americans defeat British
  • Jul 25 English engineer George Stephenson introduces the 1st steam locomotive
  • Aug 1 Belgian King Willem I accepts blame in Southern defeat
  • Aug 7 Pope Pius VII reinstates the Society of Jesus (Jesuits)
  • Aug 8 Peace negotiations begin in Ghent, Belgium
  • Aug 13 Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to British by the Dutch
  • Aug 13 Treaty of London-Netherland stops transporting slaves
  • Aug 24 British forces capture Washington, D.C. and destroy many landmarks (War of 1812)
  • Aug 25 British forces destroy Library of Congress, containing 3,000 books (War of 1812)
  • Sep 5 -15] Battle of Masurische Meren: Germans chase Russians out of East Prussia
  • Sep 11 Begun on the 6th Sept, Americans defeat British at Battle of Plattsburgh during War of 1812
  • Sep 11 Battle of Lake Champlain, NY; American Navy defeats British
  • Sep 12 Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
  • Sep 14 Francis Scott Key inspired to write the poem "Defence of Fort M'Henry", later becomes lyrics of the "Star-Spangled Banner"
  • Sep 20 "Star Spangled Banner" published as a song, lyrics by Francis Scott Key, tune by John Stafford Smith
  • Oct 1 Opening of the Congress of Vienna, redrew Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Oct 17 A Beer Flood occurs in London killing nine.
  • Oct 23 1st plastic surgery is performed (England)
  • Oct 29 "Demologos", 1st steam-powered warship, is launched
  • Nov 1 Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars.
  • Nov 7 1st sitting of States-general in Hague
  • Nov 28 The Times of London first printed by automatic, steam powered presses built by German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer - makes newspapers available to a mass audience
  • Dec 14 The Battle of Lake Borgne in Louisiana: British victory over the United States
  • Dec 22 Samuel Marsden of the Church Missionary Society arrives in the Bay of Islands, New Zealand to establish the country's first mission station; Sheep, cattle, horses and poultry are introduced
  • Dec 24 Treaty of Ghent signed, ending US Britain War of 1812
  • Dec 25 Rev Samuel Marsden of the Church Missionary Society holds the first Christian service in New Zealand on land, at Rangihoua
  • Dec 27 Destruction of schooner Carolina, the last of Commodore Daniel Patterson's make-shift fleet that fought a series of delaying actions that contributed to Andrew Jackson's victory at the Battle of New Orleans.