Historical Events in 1815

  • Jan 3rd France, the United Kingdom, and Austria form an alliance against Russia and Prussia
  • Jan 8th Battle of New Orleans (War of 1812); the war had ended on 24th December 1814 but none of the combatants knew
  • Jan 15th War of 1812: the USS President, an American frigate, is captured by four British frigates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 30th Burned US Library of Congress re-established with Thomas Jefferson's 6,500 volumes

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Feb 3rd World's first commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland
  • Feb 6th NJ issues 1st US railroad charter (John Stevens)
  • Feb 13th The Cambridge Union Society is founded.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26th Napoleon Bonaparte & his supporters leave Elba to start a 100-day re-conquest of France

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Mar 1st Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law
  • Mar 2nd Signing of Kandyan treaty by British invaders and Sri Lankan King.
  • Mar 3rd US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute
  • Mar 16th Willem I proclaimed king of the Netherlands, including Belgium
  • Mar 20th Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule
  • Mar 24th Handel & Haydn Society of Boston founded
  • Apr 5th Eruption of Tambora volcano (Sumbawa Java)
  • Apr 6th British militia shoots prisoners, 100's killed
  • Apr 10th Austria declares war on realm of Naples
  • May 3rd Battle at Tolentino: Austria beats king Joachim of Naples
  • May 16th The Governor of New South Wales, Lachlan Macquarie, officially names the town of Blackheath in the upper Blue Mountains.
  • May 24th George Evans discovers Lachlan River, Australia
  • Jun 1st Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.
  • Jun 8th 39 German states unite under Act of Confederation
  • Jun 9th End of the Congress of Vienna: New European political situation is set.
  • Jun 16th Battle at Ligny: French army under Napoleon beats Prussia
  • Jun 16th Battle at Quatre-Bras: allies strike French
  • Jun 17th Stephen Decatur conquerors Algerian frigate Mashouda
  • Jun 18th Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher
  • Jun 22nd 2nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo)
  • Jun 30th US naval hero Stephen Decatur ends attacks by Algerian pirates
  • Jul 9th 1st natural gas well in US is discovered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9th King Louis XVIII leaves Ghent for France

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
  • Jul 9th Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Prince de Benevente becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • Jul 15th Napoleon surrenders to Captain Frederick Maitland of HMS Bellerophon at Rochefort after his earlier defeat at the Battle of Waterloo
  • Jul 15th 1st flat horse race held at English race track Cheltenham on Nottingham Hill
  • Aug 6th US flotilla ends piracy by Algiers, Tunis & Tripoli
  • Aug 9th Napoleon Bonaparte sets sail for exile on St Helena on board British ship the Northumberland
  • Sep 21st King Willem I takes oath in Brussels
  • Sep 26th Russia, Prussia & Austria sign the Holy Alliance
  • Sep 28th Joachim Murats fleet sails from Corsica to Naples
  • Sep 29th King Willem I forms Dutch Order of the Lion
  • Oct 8th Joachim Murat's forces land at Pizzo, Italy
  • Oct 12th Ex-king Joachim Murat van Naples sentenced to death
  • Oct 15th Napoleon Bonaparte arrives on island of St Helena to begin his exile
  • Oct 31st Sir Humphrey Davy of London patents miner's safety lamp
  • Nov 20th 2nd Peace of Paris: France & allies after 2nd defeat and abdication of Napoleon Bonaparte.
  • Nov 20th Russia, Prussia, Austria & England signs Alliance "for the maintenance of peace in Europe" same day as Treaty of Paris
  • Nov 27th City of Kraków (Poland) declared a free republic state by the Congress of Vienna
  • Nov 27th Adoption of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland
  • Dec 5th Foundation of Maceió in Brazil.
  • Dec 15th Rossini gets assignment for Il barbiere di Siviglia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 23rd "Emma" By Jane Austen by published by John Murray in London

Novelist Jane Austen
Jane Austen