Historical Events in 1815

  • Jan 3rd France, the United Kingdom, and Austria form an alliance against Russia and Prussia
  • Jan 8th Battle of New Orleans (War of 1812); the war had ended on 24th December 1814 but none of the combatants knew
  • Jan 15th War of 1812: the USS President, an American frigate, is captured by four British frigates

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 30th Burned US Library of Congress re-established with Thomas Jefferson's 6,500 volumes

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Feb 3rd World's first commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland
  • Feb 6th NJ issues 1st US railroad charter (John Stevens)
  • Feb 13th The Cambridge Union Society is founded.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 26th Napoleon & 1,200 leave Elba to start 100-day re-conquest of France

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Mar 1st Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law
  • Mar 2nd Signing of Kandyan treaty by British invaders and Sri Lankan King.
  • Mar 3rd US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute
  • Mar 16th Willem I proclaimed king of the Netherlands, including Belgium
  • Mar 20th Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule
  • Mar 24th Handel & Haydn Society of Boston founded
  • Apr 5th Eruption of Tambora volcano (Sumbawa Java)
  • Apr 6th English militia shoots prisoners, 100's killed
  • Apr 10th Austria declares war on realm of Naples
  • May 3rd Battle at Tolentino: Austria beats king Joachim of Naples
  • May 16th The Governor of New South Wales, Lachlan Macquarie, officially names the town of Blackheath in the upper Blue Mountains.
  • May 24th George Evans discovers Lachlan River, Australia
  • Jun 1st Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.
  • Jun 8th 39 German states unite under Act of Confederation
  • Jun 9th End of the Congress of Vienna: New European political situation is set.
  • Jun 16th Battle at Ligny: French army under Napoleon beats Prussia
  • Jun 16th Battle at Quatre-Bras: allies strike French
  • Jun 17th Stephen Decatur conquerors Algerian frigate Mashouda
  • Jun 18th Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher
  • Jun 22nd 2nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo)
  • Jun 30th US naval hero Stephen Decatur ends attacks by Algerian pirates
  • Jul 9th 1st natural gas well in US is discovered

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 9th King Louis XVIII leaves Ghent for France

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
  • Jul 9th Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Prince de Benevente becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • Jul 15th Napoleon surrenders to Captain Frederick Maitland of HMS Bellerophon at Rochefort after his earlier defeat at the Battle of Waterloo
  • Jul 15th 1st flat horse race held at English race track Cheltenham on Nottingham Hill
  • Aug 6th US flotilla ends piracy by Algiers, Tunis & Tripoli
  • Aug 9th Napoleon Bonaparte sets sail for exile on St Helena on board British ship the Northumberland
  • Sep 21st King Willem I takes oath in Brussels
  • Sep 26th Russia, Prussia & Austria sign Holy Alliance
  • Sep 28th Joachim Murats fleet sails from Corsica to Naples
  • Sep 29th King Willem I forms Dutch Order of the Lion
  • Oct 8th Joachim Murat's forces land at Pizzo, Italy
  • Oct 12th Ex-king Joachim Murat van Naples sentenced to death
  • Oct 15th Napoleon Bonaparte arrives on island of St Helena to begin his exile
  • Oct 31st Sir Humphrey Davy of London patents miner's safety lamp
  • Nov 20th 2nd Peace of Paris: France & allies after 2nd defeat and abdication of Napoleon Bonaparte.
  • Nov 20th Russia, Prussia, Austria & England signs Alliance "for the maintenance of peace in Europe" same day as Treaty of Paris
  • Nov 27th City of Kraków (Poland) declared a free republic state by the Congress of Vienna
  • Nov 27th Adoption of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland
  • Dec 5th Foundation of Maceió in Brazil.
  • Dec 15th Rossini gets assignment for Il barbiere di Siviglia

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Dec 23rd "Emma" By Jane Austen by published by John Murray in London

Novelist Jane Austen
Jane Austen