Historical Events in 1818

  • Jan 1 Official reopening of the White House

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus" is published anonymously by the small London publishing house of Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones

Frankenstein Author Mary Shelley
Frankenstein Author
Mary Shelley
  • Jan 2 Lord Byron completes "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage" (4th canto)
  • Jan 2 The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded.
  • Jan 21 Keats writes his poem "On a Lock of Milton's Hair"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 30 John Keats composes his sonnet "When I Have Fears"

Romantic Poet John Keats
Romantic Poet
John Keats
  • Feb 5 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway.
  • Feb 7 1st successful US educational magazine "Academician" begins (NYC)
  • Feb 12 Chile gains independence from Spain
  • Feb 17 Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun patents "draisine" (early bicycle)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Mar 16 Second Battle of Cancha Rayada - Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín.

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • Mar 18 Congress approves 1st pensions for government service
  • Apr 4 Congress decides on the US flag: 13 red & white stripes & 20 stars
  • Apr 5 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Apr 7 General Andrew Jackson conquers St Marks Fla from Seminole indians

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • Apr 14 US Medical Corps forms
  • Apr 16 Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)
  • Apr 21 Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho" premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 28 US President James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes & Lake Champlain

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • May 4 Netherlands & Britain sign treaty against illegal slave handling
  • May 24 General Andrew Jackson captures Pensacola Florida
  • May 28 1st steam vessel to sail Great Lakes launched
  • Jun 3 Maratha Wars between British & Maratha Confederacy in India ends
  • Jun 10 Pesaro opera theater opens with Rossini's "La gaza ladra"
  • Jul 11 Keats writes "In the Cottage Where Burns is Born," "Lines Written in the Highlands," & "Gadfly"
  • Sep 7 Carl III of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim.
  • Sep 23 Border demarcation markers for Moresnet formally installed.
  • Sep 30 Congress of Aken: Russia, Austria, Prussia, France & England
  • Oct 8 Two English boxers are first to use padded gloves
  • Oct 9 Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • Oct 19 US Government & Chickasaw Indians sign a treaty
  • Oct 20 49th parallel forms as border between US & Canada
  • Oct 20 US & Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country
  • Oct 24 Felix Mendelssohn, 9, performs his first public concert (Berlin)
  • Nov 21 Russia's Tsar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine
  • Dec 3 Illinois becomes 21st state USA (Admission day)
  • Dec 24 Christmas carol "Silent Night" composed by Franz Xaver Gruber is first sung at St Nicholas parish church in Oberndorf, Austria
  • Dec 25 1st known Christmas carol ("Silent Night, Holy Night" - "Stille Nacht, Heilige Nacht) sung (Austria)
  • Dec 25 Handel's Messiah, premieres in the US in Boston