Historical Events in 1820

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  • Jan 12th Royal Astronomical Society founded in England
  • Jan 28th Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discover the continent of Antarctica
  • Jan 30th British explorer Edward Bransfield aboard Williams sights Trinity Peninsula, Antarctica claims for Britain
  • Feb 6th 1st organized emigration of blacks back to Africa (NY to Sierra Leone)
  • Feb 6th US population announced at 9,638,453, African Americans 1,771,656 (18.4%)
  • Feb 6th The first 86 African American immigrants sponsored by the American Colonization Society started a settlement in present-day Liberia.
  • Feb 23rd Cato Street conspiracy uncovered
  • Mar 3rd Missouri Compromise passes, allowing Missouri to join the United States despite slavery still being legal there.
  • Mar 5th Dutch city of Leeuwarden forbids Jews to go to synagogues on Sundays
  • Mar 9th -11) Philippines chases out foreigners; about 125 die
  • Mar 15th Maine admitted as 23rd state of the Union
  • Mar 25th Greece freedom revolt against anti Ottoman attack
  • Apr 8th The famous ancient Greek statue, Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Melos
  • Apr 12th Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11th Launch of HMS Beagle, the ship that took young Charles Darwin on his scientific voyage.

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • May 13th Opera "Die Jagarsbrautt" is completed
  • Jun 28th Tomato is proven non-poisonous
  • Jul 1st 1st edition of newspaper "Courrier de la Meuse" published
  • Aug 1st London's Regent's Canal opens.
  • Aug 7th 1st potatoes planted in Hawaii
  • Aug 14th 1st US eye hospital, the NY Eye Infirmary, opens in NYC
  • Aug 24th Constitutionalist insurrection at Oporto, Portugal; see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century.
  • Sep 15th Constitutionalist revolution in Lisbon, Portugal; (see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century).
  • Sep 25th French Physicist Francois Arago announces electromagnetism in his discovery that a copper wire between the poles of a voltaic cell could laterally attract iron filings to itself
  • Oct 9th Guayaquil, Ecuador declares its freedom from Ecuador
  • Oct 20th Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million
  • Nov 3rd Cuenca Ecuador declares independence

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7th James Monroe re-elected US president

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • Nov 18th Antarctica sighted by US Navy Capt Nathaniel B Palmer
  • Dec 15th 1st General pharmacopoeia in US published, Boston
  • Dec 20th Missouri imposes a $1 bachelor tax on unmarried men between 21 & 50