Historical Events in 1820

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  • Friday 30
  • Jan 12th Royal Astronomical Society founded in England
  • Jan 28th Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discover the continent of Antarctica
  • Jan 30th British explorer Edward Bransfield aboard Williams sights Trinity Peninsula, Antarctica claims for Britain
  • Feb 6th 1st organized emigration of blacks back to Africa (NY to Sierra Leone)
  • Feb 6th US population announced at 9,638,453, African Americans 1,771,656 (18.4%))
  • Feb 6th The first 86 African American immigrants sponsored by the American Colonization Society started a settlement in present-day Liberia.
  • Feb 23rd Cato Street conspiracy uncovered
  • Mar 3rd Missouri Compromise passes, allowing Missouri to join the United States despite slavery still being legal there.
  • Mar 5th Dutch city of Leeuwarden forbids Jews to go to synagogues on Sundays
  • Mar 9th -11) Philippines chases out foreigners; about 125 die
  • Mar 15th Maine admitted as 23rd state of the Union
  • Mar 25th Greece freedom revolt against anti Ottoman attack
  • Apr 8th The Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Melos.
  • Apr 12th Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 11th Launch of HMS Beagle, the ship that took young Charles Darwin on his scientific voyage.

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • May 13th Opera "Die Jagarsbrautt" is completed
  • Jun 28th Tomato is proven non-poisonous
  • Jul 1st 1st edition of newspaper "Courrier de la Meuse" published
  • Aug 1st London's Regent's Canal opens.
  • Aug 7th 1st potatoes planted in Hawaii
  • Aug 14th 1st US eye hospital, the NY Eye Infirmary, opens in NYC
  • Aug 24th Constitutionalist insurrection at Oporto, Portugal; see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century.
  • Sep 15th Constitutionalist revolution in Lisbon, Portugal; (see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century).
  • Sep 25th French Physicist Francois Arago announces electromagnetism in his discovery that a copper wire between the poles of a voltaic cell could laterally attract iron filings to itself
  • Oct 9th Guayaquil, Ecuador declares its freedom from Ecuador
  • Oct 20th Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million
  • Nov 3rd Cuenca Ecuador declares independence

Electoral-defeatElectoral Victory

Nov 7th James Monroe re-elected US president

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • Nov 18th Antarctica sighted by US Navy Capt Nathaniel B Palmer
  • Dec 15th 1st General pharmacopoeia in US published, Boston
  • Dec 20th Missouri imposes a $1 bachelor tax on unmarried men between 21 & 50