Historical Events in 1821

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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 17th Mexico permits Moses Austin & 300 US families to settle in Texas, after his death leaves to son Stephen

Founder of Texas Stephen F. Austin
Founder of Texas
Stephen F. Austin
  • Jan 21st Paramaribo Suriname catches fire, 4 die
  • Feb 12th Mercantile Library of City of NY opens
  • Feb 22nd Spain sells (east) Florida to United States for $5 million
  • Feb 23rd College of Apothecaries organized in Phil; 1st US pharmacy college
  • Feb 24th Mexico gains independence from Spain
  • Mar 5th Monroe is 1st US president inaugurated on March 5th, because 4th was Sun
  • Mar 14th African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (NY)
  • Mar 21st First revolutionary act in Monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta, Greek War of Independence.
  • Mar 23rd Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence.
  • Mar 25th Greece gains independence from Turkey (National Day)
  • Mar 26th Franz Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess" premieres in Vienna
  • Apr 10th Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople is hanged by the Turks from the main gate of the Patriarchate and his body is thrown into the Bosphorus.
  • May 8th Greek War of Independence: Greeks defeat the Turks in Gravia
  • May 12th The first major battle of the Greek War of Independence against the Turks occurs in Valtetsi.
  • May 30th James Boyd patents Rubber Fire Hose
  • May 31st Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st US Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore
  • Jun 14th Badi VII, king of Sennar, surrenders his throne and realm to Ismail Pasha, general of the Ottoman Empire, bringing the 300 year old Sudanese kingdom to an end
  • Jun 18th Opera "Der Freischutz" is produced (Berlin)
  • Jun 19th Decisive defeat of the Greek revolutionary society Philikí Etaireía by the Ottomans at Drăgăşani (in Wallachia).
  • Jun 21st African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organizes (NYC)
  • Jun 23rd Dutch troops conquer Palembang
  • Jun 24th Battle of Carabobo; Bolívar defeats royalists outside Caracas
  • Jul 17th Spain cedes Florida to US
  • Jul 28th Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • Aug 4th 1st edition of Saturday Evening Post (publishes until 1969)
  • Aug 4th Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen and Russian polar expedition returns to Kronshtadt after becoming 1st to circumnavigate Antarctica
  • Aug 6th 1st edition of "Courrier of Pays-Bas" newspaper published in Brussels
  • Aug 10th Missouri admitted as 24th US state

BattleCoup d'état

Aug 19th Failed liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
  • Aug 21st Jarvis Island is discovered by the crew of the ship, Eliza Frances
  • Aug 23rd Mexico declares independence
  • Sep 1st 1st colonies along Santa Fe Trail
  • Sep 15th Act of Independence of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua declare their independence from the Spanish Empire
  • Sep 23rd Fall of Tripolitsa, Greek forces massacre 30,000 Turks during Greek War of Independence
  • Sep 27th Mexican Empire declares its independence; Mexican revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8th The government of General José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy.

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • Nov 9th 1st US pharmacy college holds 1st classes, Philadelphia
  • Nov 28th Panama declares independence from Spain
  • Dec 1st Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain
  • Dec 17th Kentucky abolishes debtors' prisons
  • Dec 28th Naples: Gioacchini Rossini moves to Bologna