Historical Events in 1821

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 17 Mexico permits Moses Austin & 300 US families to settle in Texas, after his death leaves to son Stephen

Founder of Texas Stephen F. Austin
Founder of Texas
Stephen F. Austin
  • Jan 21 Paramaribo Suriname catches fire, 4 die
  • Feb 12 Mercantile Library of City of NY opens
  • Feb 22 Spain sells (east) Florida to United States for $5 million
  • Feb 23 College of Apothecaries organized in Phil; 1st US pharmacy college
  • Feb 24 Mexico gains independence from Spain
  • Mar 5 Monroe is 1st US president inaugurated on March 5th, because 4th was Sun
  • Mar 14 African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (NY)
  • Mar 21 First revolutionary act in Monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta, Greek War of Independence.
  • Mar 23 Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence.
  • Mar 25 Greece gains independence from Turkey (National Day)
  • Mar 26 Franz Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess" premieres in Vienna
  • Apr 10 Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople is hanged by the Turks from the main gate of the Patriarchate and his body is thrown into the Bosphorus.
  • May 8 Greek War of Independence: Greeks defeat the Turks in Gravia
  • May 12 The first major battle of the Greek War of Independence against the Turks occurs in Valtetsi.
  • May 30 James Boyd patents Rubber Fire Hose
  • May 31 Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st US Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore
  • Jun 14 Badi VII, king of Sennar, surrenders his throne and realm to Ismail Pasha, general of the Ottoman Empire, bringing the 300 year old Sudanese kingdom to an end
  • Jun 18 Opera "Der Freischutz" is produced (Berlin)
  • Jun 19 Decisive defeat of the Greek revolutionary society Philikí Etaireía by the Ottomans at Drăgăşani (in Wallachia).
  • Jun 21 African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organizes (NYC)
  • Jun 23 Dutch troops conquer Palembang
  • Jun 24 Battle of Carabobo; Bolívar defeats royalists outside Caracas
  • Jul 17 Spain cedes Florida to US
  • Jul 28 Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • Aug 4 1st edition of Saturday Evening Post (publishes until 1969)
  • Aug 4 Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen and Russian polar expedition returns to Kronshtadt after becoming 1st to circumnavigate Antarctica
  • Aug 6 1st edition of "Courrier of Pays-Bas" newspaper published in Brussels
  • Aug 10 Missouri admitted as 24th US state

BattleCoup d'état

Aug 19 Failed liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII
  • Aug 21 Jarvis Island is discovered by the crew of the ship, Eliza Frances
  • Aug 23 Mexico declares independence
  • Sep 1 1st colonies along Santa Fe Trail
  • Sep 15 Act of Independence of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua declare their independence from the Spanish Empire
  • Sep 23 Fall of Tripolitsa, Greek forces massacre 30,000 Turks during Greek War of Independence
  • Sep 27 Mexican Empire declares its independence; Mexican revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 The government of General José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy.

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • Nov 9 1st US pharmacy college holds 1st classes, Philadelphia
  • Nov 28 Panama declares independence from Spain
  • Dec 1 Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain
  • Dec 17 Kentucky abolishes debtors' prisons
  • Dec 28 Naples: Gioacchini Rossini moves to Bologna