Historical Events in 1831

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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1st William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal

  • Jan 2nd Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston
  • Jan 3rd 1st US building & loan association organized, Frankford, Penn
  • Jan 15th 1st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run
  • Jan 15th 1st US railroad honeymoon trip, Mr & Mrs Pierson, Charleston, SC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 22nd Charles Darwin takes his Bachelors of Art exam

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • Feb 5th Jan van Speijk blows up his gunboat in Antwerp, killing about 30
  • Feb 7th Belgium adopts its Constitution
  • Feb 14th Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay.
  • Feb 19th 1st practical US coal-burning locomotive makes 1st trial run, Penn
  • Feb 20th Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow
  • Mar 2nd John Frazee becomes 1st US sculptor to receive a federal commission
  • Mar 6th Edgar Allen Poe removed from West Point military academy
  • Mar 6th Vincenzo Bellini's opera "La Sonnambula" premieres in Milan
  • Mar 10th The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria.
  • Mar 19th 1st US bank robbery (City Bank, NY/$245,000)
  • Mar 29th Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniak rebel against Turkey.
  • Mar 31st Mainzer Rijnvaart Convention ends
  • Mar 31st Quebec & Montreal incorporated
  • Apr 7th Dom Pedro abdicates to son, Dom Pedro II crowned emperor of Brazil
  • Apr 14th Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England, cause it to collapse.
  • Jun 4th National Congress selects Leopold von Saksen-Coburg as King of Belgium
  • Jun 6th 2nd national black convention (Philadelphia)
  • Jul 1st Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole
  • Jul 4th "America (My Country 'Tis of Thee)" is 1st sung in Boston
  • Jul 21st Belgium gains independence from Netherlands, Leopold I made king
  • Aug 1st London Bridge opens to traffic
  • Aug 2nd Ten day campaign begins, Dutch army occupies Belgium
  • Aug 8th Battle of Hasselt - Dutch army drives out Belgians
  • Aug 9th 1st US steam engine train run (Albany to Schenectady, NY)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 10th Former slave Nat Turner leads uprising against slavery

Rebel Slave Nat Turner
Rebel Slave
Nat Turner
  • Aug 10th Hurricane hits Barbados; about 1,500 die
  • Aug 12th Dutch troops conquer Leuven
  • Aug 12th Netherlands & Belgium sign peace treaty
  • Aug 21st Nat Turner slave revolt kills 55 (Southampton County, Virginia)
  • Aug 24th John Henslow asks Charles Darwin to travel with him on HMS Beagle
  • Aug 29th Michael Faraday demonstrates 1st electric transformer
  • Sep 8th William IV is crowned King of Great Britain.
  • Sep 11th Charles Darwin meets with capt Fitzroy at Plymouth
  • Sep 15th The locomotive John Bull operates for the first time in New Jersey on the Camden and Amboy Railroad.
  • Sep 26th Robert Montgomery Bird's "Gladiator" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 9th Ioannis Kapodistrias, first Head of State of modern Greece, assassinated in Nafplion
  • Oct 17th Felix Mendelssohn's 1st Piano concert in G, premieres
  • Nov 7th State of Gran Colombia disbands
  • Nov 17th Ecuador and Venezuela were separated from Greater Colombia.
  • Nov 22nd Opera "Robert Le Diable" is produced (Paris)
  • Dec 1st Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather
  • Dec 5th Former US President John Q Adams takes his seat as a member of House of Representatives
  • Dec 10th "Spirit of the Times" begins publishing (weekly horse racing sheet)
  • Dec 25th Louisiana & Arkansas are first states to observe Christmas as holiday
  • Dec 26th Vincenzo Bellini's opera "Norma" premieres in Milan
  • Dec 27th HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin on board, departs England for a survey of South America
  • Dec 31st Gramercy Park is deeded to New York City.