Historical Events in 1837

  • Jan 22 Earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands
  • Jan 26 Michigan admitted as 26th US state
  • Feb 8 1st VP chosen by Senate, Richard Johnson (Van Buren admin)
  • Feb 10 Russian poet Alexander Pushkin is fatally injured in a duel with French officer Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anth├Ęs (1/29 OS)
  • Feb 11 American Physiological Society organizes in Boston
  • Feb 13 Riot in New York due to a combination of poverty and increase in the cost of flour

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 Charles Lyell makes his presidential address to the Geographical Society, London and announces that Richard Owen has concluded from Darwin's fossils that extinct species were related to current species in the same locality

Geologist Charles Lyell
Geologist
Charles Lyell
  • Feb 25 1st US electric printing press patented by Thomas Davenport
  • Mar 3 Congress increases US Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 US President Andrew Jackson & Congress recognizes Republic of Texas

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Martin Van Buren inaugrated as 8th president

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • Mar 4 Weekly Advocate changes its name to the Colored American
  • Mar 4 Chicago becomes incorporated as a city.
  • Mar 24 Canada gives its black citizens the right to vote
  • Apr 19 Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth
  • May 3 The University of Athens is founded.
  • May 9 "Sherrod" burns in Mississippi River below Natchez Miss; 175 dies
  • May 10 Panic of 1837: New York City banks fail, and unemployment reaches record levels.
  • May 25 The Patriots of Lower Canada (Quebec) rebel against the British for freedom.
  • May 31 Astor Hotel opens in NYC, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria
  • Jun 11 The Broad Street Riot occurres in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans.
  • Jun 13 1st Mormon missionaries to British Isles leave Kirtland, Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 17 Charles Goodyear obtains his 1st rubber patent

  • Jun 18 Spain gets new Constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 20 Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV. She ruled for 63 years ending in 1901

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • Jul 4 Grand Junction Railway, the world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool.
  • Jul 13 Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace

CommunicationOpening of Euston Station

Jul 20 Euston railway station opens in London as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR), the city's 1st intercity railway station

  • Jul 25 The first commercial use of an electric telegraph was successfully demonstrated by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone on 25 July 1837 between Euston and Camden Town in London.
  • Jul 27 US Mint opens in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Aug 5 1st ascent of Mt Marcy (5,344') highest in Adirondack, NY
  • Aug 28 Pharmacists John Lea & William Perrins manufacture Worcestershire Sauce
  • Sep 6 Oberlin Collegiate Institute of Ohio goes co-ed (4 women, 30 men)
  • Sep 21 Charles Tiffany founded his jewelry & china stores
  • Oct 1 "Racer's" Hurricane (Gulf of Mexico)
  • Oct 1 Treaty with Winnebago Indians
  • Oct 9 Steamboat "Home" sinks off Okracoke NC killing 100
  • Oct 9 Meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute.
  • Oct 31 Collision of river boat Monmouth & Trement on Miss; 300 die
  • Nov 7 In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy shot dead (age 34) by pro-slavery mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.
  • Nov 8 Mount Holyoke Seminary in Mass-1st US college founded for women
  • Nov 15 Isaac Pitman introduces his shorthand system
  • Nov 19 Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens
  • Nov 21 Thomas Morris of Australia skips rope 22,806 times
  • Dec 5 Hector Berlioz' "Requiem" premieres
  • Dec 5 Uprising under William Lyon Mackenzie in Canada
  • Dec 25 Battle of Okeechobee-US forces defeat Seminole Indians
  • Dec 29 Canadian militia destroy Caroline, a US steamboat docked at Buffalo
  • Dec 29 Steam-powered threshing machine patented, Winthrop, Maine