Historical Events in 1838

  • Jan 1 1st official horse race in South Australia-Adelaide
  • Jan 6 The forerunner of Morse code, the telegraph system, is first demonstrated by Alfred Vail
  • Jan 8 Rebellion at Amherstburg, Ontario breaks out

CommunicationHistoric Communication

Jan 11 1st public demonstration of telegraph message sent using dots & dashes at Speedwell Ironworks, Morristown, New Jersey by Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail

Inventor Samuel Morse
Samuel Morse
  • Jan 26 Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States
  • Feb 16 Kentucky passes law permitting women to attend school under conditions
  • Feb 16 Weenen Massacre: Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal are killed by Zulu warriors
  • Feb 25 London pedestrian walks 20 miles backward then forward in 8 hours
  • Feb 28 Robert Nelson, leader of the Patriotes, proclaims the independence of Lower Canada (today Qu├ębec)
  • Mar 3 Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario, Canada
  • Mar 6 Franz Grillparzer's "Weh dem, der Lugt" premieres in Vienna
  • Mar 8 US mint in New Orleans begins operation (producing dimes)
  • Apr 8 Steamship "Great Western" maiden voyage (Bristol, England, to NYC)
  • Apr 9 UK National Gallery re-opens in its new dedicated building in Trafalgar Square, London
  • Apr 18 Wilkes' expedition to South Pole sails
  • Apr 22 English steamship "Sirius" docks in NYC after crossing the Atlantic, first transatlantic steam passenger service
  • Apr 23 English steamship "Great Western" crossing Atlantic docks in NYC
  • Apr 27 Fire destroys half of Charleston
  • Apr 30 Nicaragua declares independence from Central American federation
  • Jun 10 Myall Creek Massacre in Australia: 28 Aboriginal Australians are murdered.
  • Jun 11 Iowa Territory is organized
  • Jun 12 Hopkins Observatory, dedicated in Williamstown, Mass
  • Jun 12 Iowa Territory forms with Burlington as its capital

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 28 Coronation of Queen Victoria in Westminster Abbey, London

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Jul 4 Huskar Colliery Mining Disaster in Silkstone England: mining pit floods drown 26 children, leads to 1842 'Mines and Collieries Act' bans women and children working underground
  • Jul 7 Central American federation is dissolved
  • Jul 8 Arabs attack Jewish community of Safed
  • Aug 1 Apprenticeship system abolished in most of the British Empire. Former slaves no longer indentured to former owners.
  • Aug 18 1st United States Exploring Expedition departs headed by Charles Wilkes
  • Aug 23 Mt Holyoke Female Seminary (South Hadley, Mass) 1st graduating class

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 3 Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery disguised as a sailor

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • Sep 5 Central Museum opens in Utrecht Netherlands
  • Sep 10 Hector Berlioz' opera "Benvenuto Cellini" premieres in Paris
  • Sep 18 Anti-Corn Law League established by Richard Cobden
  • Sep 19 Ephraim Morris patents railroad brake
  • Sep 24 Anti-Corn-Law League forms to repeal English Corn Law
  • Oct 1 Civil Code enforced (- Jan 1, 1992)
  • Oct 27 Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state or be exterminated.
  • Nov 3 The Times of India, the world's largest circulated English language daily broadsheet newspaper is founded as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce.
  • Nov 5 Honduras declares independence of Central American Federation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 8 Victor Hugo's "Ruy Blas" premieres in Paris

Author Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo
  • Nov 30 Mexico declares war on France
  • Dec 16 Boers beat Zulu chieftain Dingaan in South Africa
  • Dec 16 Battle of Blood River: Zulu impis defeated by Voortrekkers in South Africa (Great Trek)