Historical Events in 1843

  • Jan 2 Wagner's opera "Der Fliegende Holländer" premieres, Dresden
  • Jan 4 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Don Pasquale" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 4 Royal Academy (Technical Hague court) Delft opens
  • Feb 2 US & British settlers in Oregon Country choose government committee
  • Feb 6 The first minstrel show in the United States The Virginia Minstrels opens (Bowery Amphitheatre in New York City).
  • Feb 11 Opera "I Lombardi" premieres in Milan
  • Mar 1 5th Grand National: Tom Olliver aboard Vanguard wins
  • Mar 3 Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
  • Mar 7 1st Catholic governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
  • Mar 14 Boston conducts its 1st town meeting (Faneuil Hall)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 6 William Wordsworth is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Victoria

Poet William Wordsworth
William Wordsworth
Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • May 4 Great Britain annexes Natal
  • May 18 United Free Church of Scotland forms
  • May 22 1st wagon train with 700 - 1000 migrants, departs Independence, Missouri for Oregon
  • Jun 1 It snows in Buffalo & Rochester NY & Cleveland Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1 Sojourner Truth leaves NY to begin her career as antislavery activist

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • Jun 24 Vincenzo Soliva decrees no Jew can live outside ghetto in Italy
  • Jun 26 Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony

CommunicationThe Day an Alligator Fell from the Sky

Jul 2 An alligator falls from sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina

  • Jul 5 Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 12 Mormon leader Joseph Smith says God allows polygamy

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith Jr
  • Jul 19 Brunel's steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becomes first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and the largest vessel afloat in the world
  • Aug 8 Natal (in South Africa) is made a British colony
  • Aug 15 National black convention meets (Buffalo NY)
  • Aug 15 Tivoli Gardens amusement park opens in Copenhagen, world's 2nd oldest
  • Aug 26 Charles Thurber patents a typewriter
  • Aug 30 1st time African-Americans participate in a national political convention (Liberty Party)
  • Aug 31 Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate
  • Oct 1 News of the World begins publication in London
  • Oct 13 B'nai B'rith founded (NY)
  • Oct 14 British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy
  • Oct 16 Sir William Rowan Hamilton comes up with the idea of quaternions, a non-commutative extension of complex numbers.
  • Oct 20 1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
  • Nov 13 Mt Rainier in Washington State erupts
  • Nov 27 Opera "Bohemian Girl" is produced (London)
  • Nov 28 Ka Lahui: Hawaiian Independence Day - The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.
  • Dec 1 1st chartered mutual life insurance company opens
  • Dec 4 Manila paper (made from sails, canvas & rope) patented, Mass
  • Dec 4 Robert Schumann's "Das Paradies und die Peri" premieres in Leipzig
  • Dec 6 Amsterdam-Utrecht railway opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 19 "A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens is published, 6,000 copies sold

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • Dec 25 1st theatre matinee (Olympic Theatre, NYC)