Historical Events in 1844

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  • Jan 1st 1st edition of New Rotterdam's Daily (3x per week)
  • Jan 15th University of Notre Dame receives its charter in Indiana
  • Jan 25th Recontre between Reps Weller & Shriver, US House of Representative
  • Feb 3rd Hector Berlioz' "Carnaval Romain" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 14th Lt. John C. Frémont first European to discover Lake Tahoe in the US
  • Feb 27th Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti (National Day)
  • Feb 28th 12-inch gun aboard USS Princeton explodes, killing Secretary of State Abel P. Upshur, Secretary of the Navy Thomas Gilmer, and other high-ranking U.S. federal officials
  • Feb 28th 6th Grand National: Mr John Crickmere aboard Discount wins
  • Mar 8th King Oscar I ascends to the throne of Sweden-Norway.

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 9th Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Hernani" premieres in Venice

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
  • Mar 21st Origin of Baha'i Era-Baha'i calendar starts here (Baha 1, 1)
  • Mar 21st The original date predicted by William Miller of Massachusetts for the return of Christ and the end of the world.
  • Mar 28th Jose Zorilla's "Don Juan Tenorio" premieres in Madrid
  • Apr 12th Texan envoys sign Treaty of Annexation with the United States

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

May 1st Whig convention nominates Henry Clay as presidential candidate

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay
  • May 6th Johan Thorbecke argues general right to vote
  • May 23rd Declaration of Bab (Baha'i festival) ('Azamat 7, 1)

CommunicationHistoric Communication

May 24th Samuel Morse taps out "What hath God wrought" in the world's 1st telegraph message

Inventor Samuel Morse
Samuel Morse
  • May 25th 1st telegraphed news dispatch is published in Baltimore Patriot
  • Jun 6th Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) forms in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 15th Charles Goodyear patents the vulcanization of rubber

  • Jun 22nd Influential North American fraternity Delta Kappa Epsilon is founded at Yale University.
  • Jul 3rd The last pair of Great Auks is killed.
  • Jul 27th Fire destroys US mint at Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Jul 30th 1st US yacht club - NY Yacht Club organized by John Cox Stevens and 8 friends aboard the Gimcrack

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8th Brigham Young chosen as head of Mormon Church following the death of Joseph Smith

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Aug 29th 1st white-indian lacrosse game in Montreal, Indians win
  • Sep 5th Iron ore discovered in Minnesota's Mesabi Mountains
  • Sep 25th Canada defeats USA by 23 runs in the 1st cricket international
  • Sep 28th Oscar I of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1st German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt departs Jimbour, the farthest outpost of settlement on the Queensland Darling Downs, to begin his exploration of Australia's Northern Territory from Moreton Bay to Port Essington

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Oct 22nd Millerite Adventists wait for appearance of Jesus
  • Nov 6th Spain grants Dominican Republic independence
  • Nov 23rd Independence of the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark.
  • Dec 3rd RC Society Apostole of Prayer forms

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 4th James Knox Polk elected 11th US President

11th US President James Knox Polk
11th US President
James Knox Polk
  • Dec 11th 1st dental use of nitrous oxide, Hartford, Ct
  • Dec 21st The Rochdale Pioneers commence business at their cooperative in Rochdale, England, starting the Cooperative movement.
  • Dec 30th Opera "Stradella" after being rewritten is produced (Hamburg)