Historical Events in 1845

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  • Jan 1st The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 10th Poets Elizabeth Barrett & Robert Browning begin corresponding

  • Jan 23rd Uniform US election day for president & VP authorized
  • Jan 29th Edgar Allen Poe's "Raven" 1st published (NYC)
  • Feb 15th William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72 inch (183 cm) reflector

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 1st US President John Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler
  • Mar 3rd 1st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
  • Mar 3rd US Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
  • Mar 3rd Florida becomes 27th state of the Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4th James K. Polk inaugurated as 11th US President

11th US President James Knox Polk
11th US President
James Knox Polk
  • Mar 5th 7th Grand National: Mr William Loft aboard Cure-All wins

AgreementTreaty of Waitangi

Mar 11th The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Māoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.

  • Mar 14th -5.3°F (-20.7°C) in Groningen
  • Mar 17th Bristol man, Henry Jones, patents self-raising flour
  • Mar 17th Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
  • Mar 26th Joseph Francis, NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
  • Mar 26th Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precusor of bandaid
  • Mar 28th Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US
  • Apr 2nd H L Fizeau & J Leon Foucault take 1st photo of Sun
  • Apr 10th More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh, Pa
  • Apr 29th Macon B Allen & Robert Morris Jr, 1st African Americans to open a law practice in the US
  • May 2nd Argentinian Domingo Sarmiento publishes his anti-tyranny work "Facundo Civilización y Barbarie"
  • May 3rd 1st African American lawyer (Macon B Allen) admitted to the bar (Mass)
  • May 3rd Fire kills 1,600 in popular theater in Canton, China
  • May 14th Utrecht-Arnhem Railway opens
  • May 20th 1st legislative assembly convenes in Hawaii
  • May 20th HMS Erebus and HMS Terror with 134 men under John Franklin sail from the River Thames in England, beginning a disastrous expedition to find the Northwest Passage. All hands are lost.
  • May 28th Fire in Quebec, Canada, 1,500 houses destroyed
  • Jun 1st Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
  • Jun 12th George Abernethy becomes 1st governor of Oregon Country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4th Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau
  • Jul 4th Texas Congress votes for annexation to US
  • Jul 14th 1st postmasters' provisional stamps issued, NYC
  • Jul 16th NY Yacht Club holds its 1st regatta
  • Jul 19th Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes & kills many
  • Aug 6th The Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg.
  • Aug 28th Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue.
  • Sep 10th King Willem II opens Amsterdam Stock exchange
  • Sep 23rd 1st baseball team, NY Knickerbockers organize, adopt rule code
  • Sep 23rd Hunger strike in Hague
  • Oct 9th The eminent and controversial Anglican, John Henry Newman, is received into the Roman Catholic Church.
  • Oct 10th Naval School (now called US Naval Academy) opens at Annapolis
  • Oct 13th Texas ratifies a state constitution

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Oct 19th Richard Wagner's opera "Tannhäuser" premieres in Dresden

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
  • Nov 4th First nationally observed uniform election day in US
  • Nov 15th Opera "Maritana" is produced (London)
  • Nov 29th The Sonderbund is defeated by the joint forces of other Swiss cantons under General Guillaume-Henri Dufour.
  • Dec 2nd Manifest Destiny: US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.
  • Dec 6th Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity is founded at Yale College.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 17th German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt arrives in Port Essington after a nearly 4,800 km (3,000 mi) overland journey to explore Australia's Northern Territory

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Dec 27th Ether 1st used in childbirth in US in Jefferson, Georgia
  • Dec 29th Texas admitted as 28th state of the Union