Historical Events in 1845

  • Jan 1 The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 10 Poets Elizabeth Barrett & Robert Browning begin corresponding

  • Jan 23 Uniform US election day for president & VP authorized
  • Jan 29 Edgar Allen Poe's "Raven" 1st published (NYC)
  • Feb 15 William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72 inch (183 cm) reflector

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 1 US President John Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler
  • Mar 3 1st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
  • Mar 3 Florida becomes 27th state of the Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 James K. Polk inaugurated as 11th US President

11th US President James Knox Polk
11th US President
James Knox Polk
  • Mar 5 7th Grand National: Mr William Loft aboard Cure-All wins

AgreementTreaty of Waitangi

Mar 11 The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Māoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.

  • Mar 14 -5.3°F (-20.7°C) in Groningen
  • Mar 17 Bristol man, Henry Jones, patents self-raising flour
  • Mar 17 Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
  • Mar 26 Joseph Francis, NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
  • Mar 26 Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precusor of bandaid
  • Mar 28 Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US
  • Apr 2 H L Fizeau & Leon Foucault take 1st photo of the Sun
  • Apr 10 More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh, Pa
  • Apr 29 Macon B Allen & Robert Morris Jr, 1st African Americans to open a law practice in the US
  • May 2 Argentinian Domingo Sarmiento publishes his anti-tyranny work "Facundo Civilización y Barbarie"
  • May 3 1st African American lawyer (Macon B Allen) admitted to the bar (Mass)
  • May 3 Fire kills 1,600 in popular theater in Canton, China
  • May 14 Utrecht-Arnhem Railway opens
  • May 20 1st legislative assembly convenes in Hawaii
  • May 20 HMS Erebus and HMS Terror with 134 men under John Franklin sail from the River Thames in England, beginning a disastrous expedition to find the Northwest Passage. All hands are lost.
  • May 28 Fire in Quebec, Canada, 1,500 houses destroyed
  • Jun 1 Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
  • Jun 12 George Abernethy becomes 1st governor of Oregon Country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4 Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Naturalist/Pacifist
Henry David Thoreau
  • Jul 4 Texas Congress votes for annexation to US
  • Jul 14 1st postmasters' provisional stamps issued, NYC
  • Jul 16 NY Yacht Club holds its 1st regatta
  • Jul 19 Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes & kills many
  • Aug 6 The Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg.
  • Aug 28 Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue.
  • Sep 10 King Willem II opens Amsterdam Stock exchange
  • Sep 23 1st baseball team, NY Knickerbockers organize, adopt rule code
  • Sep 23 Hunger strike in Hague
  • Oct 9 The eminent and controversial Anglican, John Henry Newman, is received into the Roman Catholic Church.
  • Oct 10 Naval School (now called US Naval Academy) opens at Annapolis
  • Oct 13 Texas ratifies a state constitution

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Oct 19 Richard Wagner's opera "Tannhäuser" premieres in Dresden

Composer Richard Wagner
Composer
Richard Wagner
  • Nov 4 First nationally observed uniform election day in US
  • Nov 15 Opera "Maritana" is produced (London)
  • Nov 29 The Sonderbund is defeated by the joint forces of other Swiss cantons under General Guillaume-Henri Dufour.
  • Dec 2 Manifest Destiny: US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West
  • Dec 6 Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity is founded at Yale College.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 17 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt arrives in Port Essington after a nearly 4,800 km (3,000 mi) overland journey to explore Australia's Northern Territory

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Dec 27 Ether 1st used in childbirth in US in Jefferson, Georgia
  • Dec 29 Texas admitted as 28th state of the Union