Historical Events in 1846

  • Jan 1st Yucatan declares independence from Mexico
  • Jan 5th The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 21st 1st edition of Charles Dickens' "Daily News"

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • Jan 28th Battle of Allwal, British beat Sikhs in Punjab
  • Jan 31st After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
  • Feb 1st Theophile Gautier publishes "Hashish Club" about his initiation
  • Feb 4th Mormons leave Nauvoo, Illinois, for settlement in the west
  • Feb 5th "Oregon Spectator" is 1st newspaper to be published on the West Coast
  • Feb 10th Beginning of Mormon march to western US
  • Feb 10th British defeat Sikhs in battle of Sobraon, India
  • Feb 16th Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
  • Feb 19th Texas state government formally installed in Austin
  • Feb 20th British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
  • Feb 21st 1st US woman telegrapher, Sarah G Bagley, Lowell, Mass
  • Feb 23rd Polish revolutionaries march on Kraków, but are defeated
  • Mar 4th 8th Grand National: William Taylor aboard Pioneer wins
  • Mar 13th Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena" premieres in Königsberg

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 25th German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt arrives in Sydney to a hero's welcome after completing his exploration of Australia's Northern Territory

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Apr 25th Thornton Affair: Open conflict begins over the disputed border of Texas, triggering the Mexican-American War.
  • May 1st Ida Pfeiffer (48) begins trip around world
  • May 3rd Mexican army surrounds fort in Texas
  • May 4th US state Michigan ends death penalty
  • May 8th 1st major battle of Mexican War fought at Palo Alto, Texas
  • May 9th Battle of Resaca de la Palma-US sends Mexico back to Rio Grande
  • May 13th US declares war on Mexico, 2 months after fighting begins
  • May 18th US troops attack Rio Grande occupying Matamoros
  • May 21st 1st steamship arrives in Hawaii

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 24th General Zachary Taylor captures Monterey in Mexican War

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Jun 5th Telegraph line opens between Phila & Balt
  • Jun 8th Battle at Gwanga: British troops beat Bantu
  • Jun 10th Robert Thomson obtains an English patent on a rubber tyre
  • Jun 14th Belgian Liberal Party forms
  • Jun 14th California (Bear Flag) Republic proclaimed in Sonoma, declaring independence from Mexico
  • Jun 15th Oregon Treaty signed, setting US-British boundary at 49°N
  • Jun 19th First offically recognised baseball game (played by Cartwright Rules) - NY Nines 23 defeat Knickerbockers 1 at Hoboken, New Jersey
  • Jun 24th Residency tax on Jews of Hungary abolished
  • Jun 28th Saxophone is patented by Antoine Joseph Sax
  • Jul 7th US annexs California
  • Jul 9th Capt Montgomery claims Yerba Buena (SF) for US
  • Jul 9th The territory of the District of Columbia south of the Potomac River (39 mi² or about 100 km²) is returned to Virginia through an Act of Congress.
  • Jul 21st Mormons found 1st English settlement in California (San Joaquin Valley)
  • Aug 5th Oregon territory divided between US & Britain at 49th parallel
  • Aug 10th US Act of Congress passes establishing the Smithsonian Institution, now world's largest museum and research complex

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Aug 14th Henry David Thoreau jailed for refusing to pay taxes

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau
  • Aug 14th The Cape Girardeau meteorite, a 2.3 kg chondrite-type meteorite strikes near the town of Cape Girardeau in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri.
  • Aug 17th Commodore Robert F Stockton, US Navy, annexes California
  • Aug 18th Gen Stephen W Kearney's US forces captures Santa Fe NM
  • Aug 26th Felix Mendelssohn's "Elijah" premieres
  • Aug 26th W A Bartlett appointed 1st US mayor of Yerba Buena (SF)
  • Sep 10th Elias Howe patents sewing machine
  • Sep 15th Jung Bahadur Rana grabs power in Nepal

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Sep 18th Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning exchange last letters before eloping

  • Sep 23rd Johann Gottfried Galle & Heinrich d'Arrest find Neptune
  • Sep 25th US troops under Gen Taylor occupies Monterey Mexico
  • Sep 30th Anesthetic ether used for 1st time by American dentist Dr William Morton who extracts a tooth
  • Oct 10th Alexis de Tocqueville writes about "Algerian problem"
  • Oct 10th Neptune's moon Triton discovered by William Lassell
  • Oct 15th Dr William Thomas Green Morton 1st public use of ether
  • Oct 16th Dentist William T Morton demonstrates effectiveness of ether
  • Oct 28th Pioneers suffer blizzard in Sierra Nevada; 42 die
  • Oct 31st Donner party, unable to cross the Donner Pass, construct a winter camp
  • Nov 4th Benjamin Palmer patents artificial leg
  • Nov 5th Robert Schumann's 2nd Symphony in C premieres
  • Dec 5th C F Schoenbein obtains patent for cellulose nitrate explosive
  • Dec 6th Opera "La Damnation de Faust" is produced (Paris)
  • Dec 8th Hector Berlioz's "La Damnation de Faust" premieres
  • Dec 28th Iowa becomes 29th state the Union