Historical Events in 1846

  • Jan 1st Yucatan declares independence from Mexico
  • Jan 5th The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 21st 1st edition of Charles Dickens' "Daily News"

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • Jan 28th Battle of Allwal, British beat Sikhs in Punjab
  • Jan 31st After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
  • Feb 1st Theophile Gautier publishes "Hashish Club" about his initiation
  • Feb 4th Mormons leave Nauvoo, Illinois, for settlement in the west
  • Feb 5th "Oregon Spectator" is 1st newspaper to be published on the West Coast
  • Feb 10th Beginning of Mormon march to western US
  • Feb 10th British defeat Sikhs in battle of Sobraon, India
  • Feb 16th Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
  • Feb 19th Texas state government formally installed in Austin
  • Feb 20th British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
  • Feb 21st 1st US woman telegrapher, Sarah G Bagley, Lowell, Mass
  • Feb 23rd Polish revolutionaries march on Kraków, but are defeated
  • Mar 4th 8th Grand National: William Taylor aboard Pioneer wins
  • Mar 13th Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena" premieres in Königsberg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25th German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt arrives in Sydney to a hero's welcome after completing his exploration of Australia's Northern Territory

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Apr 25th Thornton Affair: Open conflict begins over the disputed border of Texas, triggering the Mexican-American War.
  • May 1st Ida Pfeiffer (48) begins trip around world
  • May 3rd Mexican army surrounds fort in Texas
  • May 4th US state Michigan ends death penalty
  • May 8th 1st major battle of Mexican War fought at Palo Alto, Texas
  • May 9th Battle of Resaca de la Palma-US sends Mexico back to Rio Grande
  • May 13th US declares war on Mexico, 2 months after fighting begins
  • May 18th US troops attack Rio Grande occupying Matamoros
  • May 21st 1st steamship arrives in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24th General Zachary Taylor captures Monterey in Mexican War

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Jun 5th Telegraph line opens between Philadelphia & Balt
  • Jun 8th Battle at Gwanga: British troops beat Bantu
  • Jun 10th Robert Thomson obtains an English patent on a rubber tyre
  • Jun 14th Belgian Liberal Party forms
  • Jun 14th California (Bear Flag) Republic proclaimed in Sonoma, declaring independence from Mexico
  • Jun 15th Oregon Treaty signed, setting US-British boundary at 49°N
  • Jun 19th First offically recognised baseball game (played by Cartwright Rules) - NY Nines 23 defeat Knickerbockers 1 at Hoboken, New Jersey
  • Jun 24th Residency tax on Jews of Hungary abolished
  • Jun 28th Saxophone is patented by Antoine Joseph Sax
  • Jul 9th Capt Montgomery claims Yerba Buena (SF) for US
  • Jul 9th The territory of the District of Columbia south of the Potomac River (39 mi² or about 100 km²) is returned to Virginia through an Act of Congress.
  • Jul 21st Mormons found 1st English settlement in California (San Joaquin Valley)
  • Aug 5th Oregon territory divided between US & Britain at 49th parallel
  • Aug 10th US Act of Congress passes establishing the Smithsonian Institution, now world's largest museum and research complex

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 14th Henry David Thoreau jailed for refusing to pay taxes

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau
  • Aug 14th The Cape Girardeau meteorite, a 2.3 kg chondrite-type meteorite strikes near the town of Cape Girardeau in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri.
  • Aug 17th Commodore Robert F Stockton, US Navy, annexes California
  • Aug 18th General Stephen W Kearney's US forces captures Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • Aug 26th Felix Mendelssohn's "Elijah" premieres
  • Aug 26th W A Bartlett appointed 1st US mayor of Yerba Buena (SF)
  • Sep 10th Elias Howe takes out a patent for the sewing machine
  • Sep 15th Jung Bahadur Rana grabs power in Nepal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 18th Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning exchange last letters before eloping

  • Sep 23rd Johann Gottfried Galle & Heinrich d'Arrest find Neptune
  • Sep 25th US troops under Gen Taylor occupies Monterey Mexico
  • Sep 30th Anesthetic ether used for 1st time by American dentist Dr William Morton who extracts a tooth
  • Oct 10th Alexis de Tocqueville writes about "Algerian problem"
  • Oct 10th Neptune's moon Triton discovered by William Lassell
  • Oct 15th Dr William Thomas Green Morton 1st public use of ether
  • Oct 16th Dentist William T Morton demonstrates effectiveness of ether
  • Oct 28th Pioneers suffer blizzard in Sierra Nevada; 42 die
  • Oct 31st Donner party, unable to cross the Donner Pass, construct a winter camp
  • Nov 4th Benjamin Palmer patents artificial leg
  • Nov 5th Robert Schumann's 2nd Symphony in C premieres
  • Dec 5th C F Schoenbein obtains patent for cellulose nitrate explosive
  • Dec 6th Opera "La Damnation de Faust" is produced (Paris)
  • Dec 8th Hector Berlioz's "La Damnation de Faust" premieres
  • Dec 28th Iowa becomes 29th state the Union