Historical Events in 1847

  • Jan 1 Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment
  • Jan 1 Neth's Haarlem's Current newspaper starts publishing

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government.

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Inventor/Industrialist
Samuel Colt
  • Jan 9 1st SF newspaper published (California Star)
  • Jan 15 1st Swedish magazine in US, Skandinavia, published in NYC
  • Jan 16 John C. Fremont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.
  • Jan 24 1,500 New Mexican Indians & Mexicans defeated by US Col Price
  • Jan 30 Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
  • Feb 4 1st US telegraph company established in Maryland
  • Feb 22 Battle of Buena Vista: US troops beat Mexican army

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Feb 23 Battle of Buena Vista Mexico; Zachary Taylor defeats Mexicans

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Feb 25 State University of Iowa is approved
  • Feb 28 US defeats Mexico in battle of Sacramento
  • Mar 1 Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
  • Mar 3 US Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps
  • Mar 3 9th Grand National: Denny Wynne aboard Mathew IRE wins
  • Mar 7 US General Scott occupies Vera Cruz Mexico
  • Mar 10 1st money minted in Hawaii
  • Mar 14 Premiere of Verdi's "Macbeth" at the Teatro della Pergola, Florence
  • Mar 18 1st Dutch public telegram
  • Mar 25 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On aid for Ireland"
  • Mar 29 12,000 US troops capture Vera Cruz, Mexico
  • Apr 14 Persia & Ottoman Turkey sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
  • Apr 28 George B Vashon becomes 1st black to enter NY State Bar
  • May 4 NY State creates a Board of Commissioners of Emigration
  • May 5 American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia)
  • May 7 American Medical Association organizes (Philadelphia)
  • May 8 Scot Robert Thompson patents rubber tyre

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is awarded the Patron's Medal by the Royal Geographical Society, London in recognition of 'the increased knowledge of the great continent of Australia' gained by his Moreton Bay-Port Essington journey

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • May 31 Rotterdam-Hague Railway opens
  • Jun 10 Chicago Tribune begins publishing
  • Jun 14 Robert von Bunsen invents the Bunsen burner
  • Jun 22 First ring doughnut supposedly created by Hanson Gregory
  • Jun 27 New York & Boston linked by telegraph wires
  • Jul 1 1st US postage stamps go on sale, 5 cent Franklin & 10 cent Washington, NYC
  • Jul 2 Envelope bearing 1st US 10 cent stamps used (still exists today)
  • Jul 10 Urbain J J Leverrier & John Couch Adams, codiscoverers of Neptune, meet for 1st time at home of John Herschel
  • Jul 20 German astronomer Theodor discovers Comet Brorsen-Metcalf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 24 Brigham Young & his Mormon followers arrive at Salt Lake City, UT

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Jul 24 Rotary-type printing press patents by Richard March Hoe, NYC
  • Jul 26 Moses Garrish Farmer builds 1st miniature train for children to ride
  • Jul 26 The Liberian Declaration of Independence is signed making Liberia a sovereign nation, independent from the American Colonization Society
  • Jul 29 Cumberland School of Law founded in Lebanon, Tennessee, USA. At the end of 1847 only 15 law schools exist in the United States

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 24 Charlotte Brontë finishes manuscript of "Jane Eyre"

  • Sep 8 US under Gen Scott defeat Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey
  • Sep 10 1st theater opens in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 1st singing of Stephen Foster's "Susanna" (in Pittsburgh)

Father of American Music Stephen Foster
Father of American Music
Stephen Foster
  • Sep 12 Mexican-American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins.
  • Sep 13 American-Mexican war: US General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City
  • Sep 14 US Marines under General Scott enter Mexico City (halls of Montezuma)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 16 Shakespeare Birthplace Trust buys bard's birthplace in Stratford-upon-Avon

  • Oct 1 Maria Mitchell discovers a non-naked-eye comet
  • Oct 1 German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske
  • Oct 16 Charlotte Brontë's book "Jane Eyre" published
  • Oct 20 12 year old English boy William Nelman poisons his grandpa with arsenic, would become famous court case
  • Nov 10 The passenger ship Stephen Whitney is wrecked in thick fog off the southern coast of Ireland, killing 92 of the 110 on board. The disaster results in the construction the Fastnet Rock lighthouse.
  • Nov 12 Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
  • Nov 21 Steamer "Phoenix" is lost on Lake Michigan, kills 200
  • Nov 25 Opera "Marta" is produced (Vienna)
  • Nov 26 Alfred de Mussets "Un Caprice" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 28 Bologna: church of San Francisco dei Minori Conventuali initiated with premier of Rossini's Tantum ergo
  • Nov 29 Indians kill Washington state pioneers Marcus & Narcissa Whitman, and 12 others in Walla Walla Ore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 3 Frederick Douglass publishes first issue of his newspaper "North Star"

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 5 Jefferson Davis is elected to the US senate, his first political post.

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis