Historical Events in 1847

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  • Jan 1st Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment
  • Jan 1st Neth's Haarlem's Current newspaper starts publishing

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4th Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government.

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt
  • Jan 9th 1st SF newspaper published (California Star)
  • Jan 15th 1st Swedish magazine in US, Skandinavia, published in NYC
  • Jan 16th John C. Fremont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.
  • Jan 24th 1,500 New Mexican Indians & Mexicans defeated by US Col Price
  • Jan 30th Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
  • Feb 4th 1st US telegraph company established in Maryland
  • Feb 22nd Battle of Buena Vista: US troops beat Mexican army

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Feb 23rd Battle of Buena Vista Mexico; Zachary Taylor defeats Mexicans

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Feb 25th State University of Iowa is approved
  • Feb 28th US defeats Mexico in battle of Sacramento
  • Mar 1st Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
  • Mar 3rd US Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps
  • Mar 3rd 9th Grand National: Denny Wynne aboard Mathew IRE wins
  • Mar 7th US General Scott occupies Vera Cruz Mexico
  • Mar 10th 1st money minted in Hawaii
  • Mar 14th Premiere of Verdi's "Macbeth" at the Teatro della Pergola, Florence
  • Mar 18th 1st Dutch public telegram
  • Mar 25th Pope Pius IX encyclical "On aid for Ireland"
  • Mar 29th 12,000 US troops capture Vera Cruz, Mexico
  • Apr 14th Persia & Ottoman Turkey sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
  • Apr 28th George B Vashon becomes 1st black to enter NY State Bar
  • May 4th NY State creates a Board of Commissioners of Emigration
  • May 5th American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia)
  • May 7th American Medical Association organizes (Philadelphia)
  • May 8th Scot Robert Thompson patents rubber tyre

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24th German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is awarded the Patron's Medal by the Royal Geographical Society, London in recognition of 'the increased knowledge of the great continent of Australia' gained by his Moreton Bay-Port Essington journey

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • May 31st Rotterdam-Hague Railway opens
  • Jun 10th Chicago Tribune begins publishing
  • Jun 14th Robert von Bunsen invents the Bunsen burner
  • Jun 22nd First ring doughnut supposedly created by Hanson Gregory
  • Jun 27th New York & Boston linked by telegraph wires
  • Jul 1st 1st US postage stamps go on sale, 5 cent Franklin & 10 cent Washington, NYC
  • Jul 2nd Envelope bearing 1st US 10 cent stamps used (still exists today)
  • Jul 10th Urbain J J Leverrier & John Couch Adams, codiscoverers of Neptune, meet for 1st time at home of John Herschel
  • Jul 20th German astronomer Theodor discovers Comet Brorsen-Metcalf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 24th Brigham Young & his Mormon followers arrive at Salt Lake City, UT

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Jul 24th Rotary-type printing press patents by Richard March Hoe, NYC
  • Jul 26th Moses Garrish Farmer builds 1st miniature train for children to ride
  • Jul 26th The Liberian Declaration of Independence is signed making Liberia a sovereign nation, independent from the American Colonization Society
  • Jul 29th Cumberland School of Law founded in Lebanon, Tennessee, USA. At the end of 1847 only 15 law schools exist in the United States

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 24th Charlotte Brontë finishes manuscript of "Jane Eyre"

  • Sep 8th US under Gen Scott defeat Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey
  • Sep 10th 1st theater opens in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11th 1st singing of Stephen Foster's "Susanna" (in Pittsburgh)

Father of American Music Stephen Foster
Father of American Music
Stephen Foster
  • Sep 12th Mexican-American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins.
  • Sep 13th American-Mexican war: US General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City
  • Sep 14th US Marines under General Scott enter Mexico City (halls of Montezuma)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 16th Shakespeare Birthplace Trust buys bard's birthplace in Stratford-upon-Avon

  • Oct 1st Maria Mitchell discovers a non-naked-eye comet
  • Oct 1st German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske
  • Oct 16th Charlotte Brontë's book "Jane Eyre" published
  • Oct 20th 12 year old English boy William Nelman poisons his grandpa with arsenic, would become famous court case
  • Nov 10th The passenger ship Stephen Whitney is wrecked in thick fog off the southern coast of Ireland, killing 92 of the 110 on board. The disaster results in the construction the Fastnet Rock lighthouse.
  • Nov 12th Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
  • Nov 21st Steamer "Phoenix" is lost on Lake Michigan, kills 200
  • Nov 25th Opera "Marta" is produced (Vienna)
  • Nov 26th Alfred de Mussets "Un Caprice" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 28th Bologna: church of San Francisco dei Minori Conventuali initiated with premier of Rossini's Tantum ergo
  • Nov 29th Indians kill Washington state pioneers Marcus & Narcissa Whitman, and 12 others in Walla Walla Ore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 3rd Frederick Douglass publishes first issue of his newspaper "North Star"

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 5th Jefferson Davis is elected to the US senate, his first political post.

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis