Historical Events for Year 1848

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Months in Year 1848: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 101 of 101

Jan 1st - Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
Jan 3rd - Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
Jan 8th - Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
Jan 9th - 1st commercial bank in SF established
Jan 9th - People's uprising in Palermo Sicily
Jan 24th - James Marshall finds gold in Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California
Jan 28th - King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution
Jan 29th - Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament/freedom of press)
Feb 2nd - 1st ship load of Chinese arrive in SF
Feb 2nd - Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico & Arizona for $15 million
Feb 12th - Ballet "Faust" premieres in Milan
Feb 15th - Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
Feb 17th - Toscane gets liberal Constitution
Feb 24th - King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French republic declared
Feb 26th - 2nd French Republic proclaimed
Feb 26th - Marx & Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
Feb 29th - Neufchatel declares independence of Switzerland
Mar 1st - 10th Grand National: Capt. Josey Little aboard Chandler wins
Mar 4th - Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution
Mar 4th - Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d'Italia
Mar 5th - Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance.
Mar 7th - In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed
Mar 11th - Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government.
Mar 12th - 2nd republic established in France
Mar 15th - A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.
Mar 23rd - The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
Mar 24th - State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
Mar 27th - John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster
The flow of water stopps completely over both of Niagara's two falls due to an ice jam in the upper riverThe flow of water stopps completely over both of Niagara's two falls due to an ice jam in the upper river

Mar 29th - Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam
Apr 3rd - Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher
Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig LeichhardtExplorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt Apr 3rd - German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is seen for the last time at McPherson's Station, Coogoon, before he disappears on the same expedition to reach the Swan River
Apr 6th - Jews of Prussia granted equality
Apr 8th - 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
Apr 8th - Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
Apr 11th - Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under king Ferdinand of Aust
Apr 18th - American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.
Apr 26th - Alfred Russel Wallace departs the U.K. for South America, beginning four years of travel, collecting, and research in the region
Apr 28th - Free last slaves in French colonies
May 1st - The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel WallaceNaturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace May 6th - Otto Tank ends slavery in Suriname colony
May 7th - Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia
May 13th - First performance of Finland's national anthem.
May 17th - Gerrit, Count Schimmelpenninck resigns as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Netherlands
May 18th - Opening of the first German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany.
May 19th - 1st department store opens
May 19th - Mexico gives Texas to US, ending the war
May 29th - Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
May 29th - Wisconsin becomes 30th state
May 30th - 2nd battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
May 30th - William G Young patents ice cream freezer
May 30th - Mexico ratifies treaty giving US; New Mexico, California & parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona & Colorado in return for $15 million
Jun 2nd - The Slavic congress in Prague begins.
Jun 5th - Statue of prince William the Silent, Prince of Orange, unveiled
Jun 10th - 1st telegraph link between NYC & Chicago
Jun 10th - Battle at Vicenza: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
8th US President Martin Van Buren8th US President Martin Van Buren Jun 22nd - Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for Pres
Jun 22nd - Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
Jun 23rd - Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
Jun 26th - 1st pure food law enacted in US
Jun 26th - End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
Jul 3rd - Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands)
Jul 6th - Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo
Jul 11th - Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent v England)
Jul 11th - London's Waterloo Station opens
Jul 19th - 1st US women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls NY, organised by Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Lucretia Mott
Jul 19th - German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg
Jul 23rd - Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
Jul 25th - 1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady StantonWomen's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton Jul 26th - 1st Woman's Rights Convention (Senecca Falls NY)
Jul 29th - Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt - in Tipperary, an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule is put down by police.
Aug 9th - Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire
Aug 9th - US Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominating Martin Van Buren for president
Aug 14th - Oregon Territory created
Aug 15th - M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair
Aug 18th - Camila O'Gorman and Ladislao Gutierrez are executed on the orders of Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas.
Aug 22nd - The United States annexes New Mexico
Sep 6th - National Black Convention meets in Cleveland
Sep 12th - Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
Sep 14th - Alexander Stewart opens 1st US dept store
Sep 16th - Slavery abolished in all French territories
Sep 18th - Baseball rules 1st baseman can tag base for out instead of runner
Sep 19th - Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) & Lassell (England)
Sep 20th - The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.
Sep 29th - Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence.
Oct 16th - 1st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
Oct 28th - The first railroad in Spain - between Barcelona and Mataró - is opened.
Nov 1st - First US women's medical school opens (Boston)
Nov 3rd - Johan Thorbeckes revises the Constitution of the Netherlands
12th US President Zachary Taylor12th US President Zachary Taylor Nov 7th - General Zachary Taylor elected as 12th President of US
Nov 9th - Post office at Clay & Pike opens
Nov 9th - Robert Blum, a German revolutionary and MP (Liberal), is executed in Vienna.
Nov 21st - Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto" premieres in Paris
Nov 21st - Cincinnati Turngemeinde founded
Nov 23rd - Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston
Dec 2nd - Franz Josef I becomes Emperor of Austria & King of Hungary
Dec 5th - President Polk triggers Gold Rush of 1849 by confirming gold discovery in California
Dec 25th - New Haven Railroad opens
Dec 26th - 1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF
Dec 26th - William & Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia
Dec 26th - The Phi Delta Theta fraternity is founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
Dec 29th - Gas lights 1st installed at White House (Polk's administration)

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