Historical Events in 1848

  • Jan 1 Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
  • Jan 3 Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
  • Jan 8 Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
  • Jan 9 1st commercial bank in SF established
  • Jan 9 People's uprising in Palermo, Sicily
  • Jan 12 Palermo rising against the Bourbon Kingdom of the Two Sicilies takes place in Sicily
  • Jan 24 James Marshall finds gold in Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California
  • Jan 28 King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution
  • Jan 29 Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament/freedom of press)
  • Feb 2 1st ship load of Chinese arrive in SF
  • Feb 2 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico & Arizona for $15 million
  • Feb 12 Ballet "Faust" premieres in Milan
  • Feb 15 Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
  • Feb 17 Toscane gets liberal Constitution
  • Feb 24 King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French republic declared
  • Feb 26 2nd French Republic proclaimed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26 Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels publish their "Communist Manifesto"

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Feb 29 The Principality of Neuchâtel declares itself independent of Prussia
  • Mar 1 10th Grand National: Capt. Josey Little aboard Chandler wins
  • Mar 4 Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution
  • Mar 4 Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d'Italia
  • Mar 5 Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance.
  • Mar 7 In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed
  • Mar 11 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government.
  • Mar 12 2nd republic established in France
  • Mar 15 A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.
  • Mar 23 The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
  • Mar 24 State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
  • Mar 27 John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster

CommunicationNiagara Falls Stops Flowing

Mar 29 Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam

  • Apr 3 Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is seen for the last time at McPherson's Station, Coogoon, before he disappears on the same expedition to reach the Swan River

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Apr 6 Jews of Prussia granted equality
  • Apr 8 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • Apr 8 Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
  • Apr 11 Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under king Ferdinand of Aust
  • Apr 18 American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 26 Alfred Russel Wallace departs the U.K. for South America, beginning four years of travel, collecting, and research in the region

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • Apr 28 Free last slaves in French colonies
  • May 1 The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
  • May 6 Otto Tank ends slavery in Suriname colony
  • May 7 Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia
  • May 13 First performance of Finland's national anthem.
  • May 17 Gerrit, Count Schimmelpenninck resigns as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Netherlands
  • May 18 Opening of the first German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany.
  • May 19 1st department store opens
  • May 19 Mexico gives Texas to US, ending the war
  • May 29 Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
  • May 29 Wisconsin becomes 30th state
  • May 30 2nd battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • May 30 William G Young patents ice cream freezer
  • May 30 Mexico ratifies treaty giving US; New Mexico, California & parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona & Colorado in return for $15 million
  • Jun 2 The Slavic congress in Prague begins.
  • Jun 5 Statue of prince William the Silent, Prince of Orange, unveiled
  • Jun 10 1st telegraph link between NYC & Chicago
  • Jun 10 Battle at Vicenza: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 22 Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for President

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • Jun 22 Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
  • Jun 23 Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
  • Jun 26 1st pure food law enacted in US
  • Jun 26 End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
  • Jul 3 Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands)
  • Jul 6 Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo
  • Jul 11 Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent v England)
  • Jul 11 London's Waterloo Station opens

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 19 1st US women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls NY, organised by Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Lucretia Mott

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Jul 19 German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg
  • Jul 23 Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
  • Jul 25 1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
  • Jul 29 Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt - an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule put down by police
  • Aug 9 Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire
  • Aug 9 US Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominating Martin Van Buren for president
  • Aug 14 Oregon Territory created
  • Aug 15 M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair
  • Aug 18 Camila O'Gorman and Ladislao Gutierrez are executed on the orders of Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas
  • Aug 22 The United States annexes New Mexico
  • Sep 6 National Black Convention meets in Cleveland
  • Sep 12 Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
  • Sep 14 Alexander Stewart opens 1st US dept store
  • Sep 16 Slavery abolished in all French territories
  • Sep 18 Baseball rules 1st baseman can tag base for out instead of runner
  • Sep 19 Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) & Lassell (England)
  • Sep 20 The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.
  • Sep 29 Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence
  • Oct 16 1st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
  • Oct 28 The first railroad in Spain - between Barcelona and Mataró - is opened.
  • Nov 1 First US women's medical school opens (Boston)
  • Nov 3 Johan Thorbeckes revises the Constitution of the Netherlands

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7 General Zachary Taylor elected as 12th President of US

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Nov 9 Post office at Clay & Pike opens
  • Nov 9 Robert Blum, a German revolutionary and MP (Liberal), is executed in Vienna.
  • Nov 21 Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 21 Cincinnati Turngemeinde founded
  • Nov 23 Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston
  • Dec 2 Franz Josef I becomes Emperor of Austria & King of Hungary
  • Dec 5 President Polk triggers Gold Rush of 1849 by confirming gold discovery in California
  • Dec 25 New Haven Railroad opens
  • Dec 26 1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF
  • Dec 26 William & Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia
  • Dec 26 The Phi Delta Theta fraternity is founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
  • Dec 29 Gas lights 1st installed at White House (Polk's administration)