Historical Events in 1848

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  • Jan 1st Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
  • Jan 3rd Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
  • Jan 8th Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
  • Jan 9th 1st commercial bank in SF established
  • Jan 9th People's uprising in Palermo, Sicily
  • Jan 12th Palermo rising against the Bourbon Kingdom of the Two Sicilies takes place in Sicily
  • Jan 24th James Marshall finds gold in Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California
  • Jan 28th King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution
  • Jan 29th Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament/freedom of press)
  • Feb 2nd 1st ship load of Chinese arrive in SF
  • Feb 2nd Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico & Arizona for $15 million
  • Feb 12th Ballet "Faust" premieres in Milan
  • Feb 15th Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
  • Feb 17th Toscane gets liberal Constitution
  • Feb 24th King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French republic declared
  • Feb 26th 2nd French Republic proclaimed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26th Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels publish their "Communist Manifesto"

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Feb 29th The Principality of Neuchâtel declares itself independent of Prussia
  • Mar 1st 10th Grand National: Capt. Josey Little aboard Chandler wins
  • Mar 4th Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution
  • Mar 4th Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d'Italia
  • Mar 5th Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance.
  • Mar 7th In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed
  • Mar 11th Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government.
  • Mar 12th 2nd republic established in France
  • Mar 15th A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.
  • Mar 23rd The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
  • Mar 24th State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
  • Mar 27th John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster

CommunicationNiagara Falls Stops Flowing

Mar 29th Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam

  • Apr 3rd Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3rd German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is seen for the last time at McPherson's Station, Coogoon, before he disappears on the same expedition to reach the Swan River

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Apr 6th Jews of Prussia granted equality
  • Apr 8th 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • Apr 8th Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
  • Apr 11th Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under king Ferdinand of Aust
  • Apr 18th American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 26th Alfred Russel Wallace departs the U.K. for South America, beginning four years of travel, collecting, and research in the region

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • Apr 28th Free last slaves in French colonies
  • May 1st The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
  • May 6th Otto Tank ends slavery in Suriname colony
  • May 7th Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia
  • May 13th First performance of Finland's national anthem.
  • May 17th Gerrit, Count Schimmelpenninck resigns as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Netherlands
  • May 18th Opening of the first German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany.
  • May 19th 1st department store opens
  • May 19th Mexico gives Texas to US, ending the war
  • May 29th Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
  • May 29th Wisconsin becomes 30th state
  • May 30th 2nd battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • May 30th William G Young patents ice cream freezer
  • May 30th Mexico ratifies treaty giving US; New Mexico, California & parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona & Colorado in return for $15 million
  • Jun 2nd The Slavic congress in Prague begins.
  • Jun 5th Statue of prince William the Silent, Prince of Orange, unveiled
  • Jun 10th 1st telegraph link between NYC & Chicago
  • Jun 10th Battle at Vicenza: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 22nd Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for President

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • Jun 22nd Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
  • Jun 23rd Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
  • Jun 26th 1st pure food law enacted in US
  • Jun 26th End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
  • Jul 3rd Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands)
  • Jul 6th Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo
  • Jul 11th Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent v England)
  • Jul 11th London's Waterloo Station opens

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 19th 1st US women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls NY, organised by Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Lucretia Mott

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Jul 19th German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg
  • Jul 23rd Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
  • Jul 25th 1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
  • Jul 29th Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt - an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule put down by police
  • Aug 9th Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire
  • Aug 9th US Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominating Martin Van Buren for president
  • Aug 14th Oregon Territory created
  • Aug 15th M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair
  • Aug 18th Camila O'Gorman and Ladislao Gutierrez are executed on the orders of Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas
  • Aug 22nd The United States annexes New Mexico
  • Sep 6th National Black Convention meets in Cleveland
  • Sep 12th Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
  • Sep 14th Alexander Stewart opens 1st US dept store
  • Sep 16th Slavery abolished in all French territories
  • Sep 18th Baseball rules 1st baseman can tag base for out instead of runner
  • Sep 19th Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) & Lassell (England)
  • Sep 20th The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.
  • Sep 29th Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence
  • Oct 16th 1st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
  • Oct 28th The first railroad in Spain - between Barcelona and Mataró - is opened.
  • Nov 1st First US women's medical school opens (Boston)
  • Nov 3rd Johan Thorbeckes revises the Constitution of the Netherlands

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7th General Zachary Taylor elected as 12th President of US

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Nov 9th Post office at Clay & Pike opens
  • Nov 9th Robert Blum, a German revolutionary and MP (Liberal), is executed in Vienna.
  • Nov 21st Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 21st Cincinnati Turngemeinde founded
  • Nov 23rd Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston
  • Dec 2nd Franz Josef I becomes Emperor of Austria & King of Hungary
  • Dec 5th President Polk triggers Gold Rush of 1849 by confirming gold discovery in California
  • Dec 25th New Haven Railroad opens
  • Dec 26th 1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF
  • Dec 26th William & Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia
  • Dec 26th The Phi Delta Theta fraternity is founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
  • Dec 29th Gas lights 1st installed at White House (Polk's administration)