Historical Events in 1849

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 11 Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in US to earn medical degree

  • Jan 13 Vancouver Island granted to Hudson's Bay Co
  • Jan 23 Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman physician in US
  • Jan 23 Patent granted for an envelope-making machine
  • Jan 31 Corn Laws abolished in Britain
  • Feb 4 University of Wisconsin begins in 1 room with 20 students
  • Feb 8 New Roman Republic established.
  • Feb 9 Roman Republic declared in Rome replacing following flight of Pope Pius IX

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 14 In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes first serving US President to have his photograph taken (by Matthew Brady).

11th US President James Knox Polk
11th US President
James Knox Polk
  • Feb 18 1st regular steamboat service to California starts (or 02/28)
  • Feb 28 1st boat load of gold rush prospectors arrives in SF from east coast
  • Feb 28 11th Grand National: Tom Cunningham aboard Peter Simple wins
  • Mar 3 Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin
  • Mar 3 Territory of Minnesota organizes
  • Mar 3 US Home Department (later renamed the Department of the Interior) established by Congress
  • Mar 4 US had no president, Polks term ends on a Sunday, Taylor couldn't be sworn-in, Sen David Atchison (pres pro tem) term ended Mar 3rd

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th US president

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Mar 9 Carl Nikolais opera "Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent (only US president to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Mar 12 1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to Calif
  • Mar 23 Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic)
  • Mar 27 Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill
  • Mar 29 Great Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India
  • Mar 31 Col John W Geary arrives as 1st postmaster of SF
  • Apr 10 Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (NYC); sold rights for $400
  • Apr 13 Hungarian Republic proclaimed
  • Apr 14 Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader.
  • Apr 16 Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "Le proph├Ęte" premieres in Paris
  • Apr 25 The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal's English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.
  • May 3 The May Uprising in Dresden begins - the last of the German revolutions of 1848.
  • May 10 Pack destroys Astor Place opera house in NYC (22 killed)
  • May 12 Willem Alexander PFL crowned king Willem III in Amsterdam
  • May 15 Philadelphia Turngemeinde founded
  • May 17 Fire destroy Centrum in St Louis Missouri
  • May 22 Abraham Lincoln receives a patent (only US president to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions

CommunicationOpening of Euston Station

May 27 Opening of the Great Hall at Euston station in London

  • May 28 Princess Marianne of the Netherlands & Albrecht of Prussia separate
  • May 29 Lincoln says "You can fool some of the people all of the time, and all of the people some of the time, but you can not fool all of the people all of the time."
  • May 31 Last edition of Orange sheet "Journal de La Haye"
  • Jun 5 Danish National Day-Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy
  • Jun 12 Gas mask patented by Lewis Haslett (Louisville Ky)
  • Jun 21 Battle at Waghausel: Prussian troops beat Baden rebels
  • Jun 22 Stephen C Massett opens concert at San Francisco courthouse using only piano in Calif

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 Giuseppe Garibaldi begins hunger strike in Rome

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • Jul 3 The French entered Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.
  • Jul 8 St Paul's Place in the Bronx named
  • Jul 20 Start of 1st Lancashire-Yorkshire clash at Hyde Park, Sheffield
  • Jul 28 Memmon is first clipper to reach San Francisco, 120 days out of NY
  • Jul 31 Benjamin Chambers patents breech loading cannon
  • Aug 9 Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia
  • Aug 19 NY Herald reports gold discovery in California
  • Aug 22 The first air raid in history; Austria launches pilotless balloons against the Italian city of Venice
  • Aug 28 Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, having been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence
  • Sep 1 California Constitutional Convention held in Monterey
  • Sep 3 California State Constitutional Convention convenes in Monterey
  • Sep 10 1st performance by US actor Edwin Booth (Richard III)
  • Sep 13 1st US prize fight fatality (Tom McCoy)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 17 Harriet Tubman 1st escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
  • Sep 18 De Kempenae's Dutch government resigns
  • Sep 19 1st commercial laundry established, in Oakland, California
  • Sep 29 1st passenger train service to Peekskill NY (New Haven Railroad)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.

  • Oct 6 The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence.
  • Oct 16 Avery College establishes in Allegheny, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 16 British seize Tigre Island in Gulf of Fonseca from Honduras
  • Nov 1 Dutch government of Thorbecke forms
  • Nov 13 Peter Burnett elected first governor of California
  • Nov 15 1st US poultry show opens in Boston
  • Nov 16 A Russian court sentences Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor.
  • Nov 21 Friedrich Hebbel's "Der Rubin" premieres in Vienna
  • Dec 6 Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery in Maryland for the 2nd and final time

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Dec 8 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Luisa Miller" premieres in Naples

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
  • Dec 14 1st chamber music group in US gives their 1st concert (Boston)
  • Dec 18 William Bond obtains 1st photograph of Moon through a telescope
  • Dec 21 1st US skating club formed (Philadelphia)
  • Dec 22 The execution of Fyodor Dostoevsky is called off at the last second.
  • Dec 28 M Jolly-Bellin discovers dry-cleaning, he accidentally upset lamp containing turpentine & oil on his clothing & sees cleaning effect