Historical Events for Year 1849
Events 1 - 77 of 77
Jan 11th - Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in US to earn medical degree
Jan 13th - Vancouver Island granted to Hudson's Bay Co
Jan 23rd - Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman physician in US
Jan 23rd - Patent granted for an envelope-making machine
Jan 31st - Corn Laws abolished in Britain
Feb 4th - University of Wisconsin begins in 1 room with 20 students
Feb 8th - New Roman Republic established.
Feb 9th - Roman Republic declared in Rome replacing following flight of Pope Pius IX
Feb 14th - In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes first serving US President to have his photograph taken (by Matthew Brady).
Feb 18th - 1st regular steamboat service to California starts (or 02/28)
Feb 28th - 1st boat load of gold rush prospectors arrives in SF from east coast
Feb 28th - 11th Grand National: Tom Cunningham aboard Peter Simple wins
Mar 3rd - Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin
11th US President James Knox Polk Mar 3rd - Territory of Minnesota organizes
Mar 3rd - US Home Department (later renamed the Department of the Interior) established by Congress
Mar 4th - US had no president, Polks term ends on a Sunday, Taylor couldn't be sworn-in, Sen David Atchison (pres pro tem) term ended Mar 3rd
Mar 5th - Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th US president
Mar 9th - Carl Nikolais opera "Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor" premieres
Mar 10th - Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent (only US president to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions
Mar 12th - 1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to Calif
Mar 23rd - Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic)
Mar 27th - Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill
Mar 29th - Great Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India
Mar 31st - Col John W Geary arrives as 1st postmaster of SF
US President Abraham Lincoln Apr 10th - Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (NYC); sold rights for $400
Apr 13th - Hungarian Republic proclaimed
Apr 14th - Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader.
Apr 16th - Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "Le prophète" premieres in Paris
Apr 25th - The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal's English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.
May 3rd - The May Uprising in Dresden begins - the last of the German revolutions of 1848.
May 10th - Pack destroys Astor Place opera house in NYC (22 killed)
May 12th - Willem Alexander PFL crowned king Willem III in Amsterdam
May 15th - Philadelphia Turngemeinde founded
May 17th - Fire destroy Centrum in St Louis Missouri
May 22nd - Abraham Lincoln receives a patent (only US president to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions
May 27th - The Great Hall of Euston station in London is opened.
May 28th - Princess Marianne of the Netherlands & Albrecht of Prussia separate
May 29th - Lincoln says "You can fool some of the people all of the time, and all of the people some of the time, but you can not fool all of the people all of the time."
May 31st - Last edition of Orange sheet "Journal de La Haye"
Jun 5th - Danish National Day-Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy
Jun 12th - Gas mask patented by Lewis Haslett (Louisville Ky)
Jun 21st - Battle at Waghausel: Prussian troops beat Baden rebels
Jun 22nd - Stephen C Massett opens concert at San Francisco courthouse using only piano in Calif
Jul 2nd - Garibaldi begins hunger strike in Rome
Jul 3rd - The French entered Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.
Jul 8th - St Paul's Place in the Bronx named
Jul 20th - Start of 1st Lancashire-Yorkshire clash at Hyde Park, Sheffield
Jul 28th - Memmon is first clipper to reach San Francisco, 120 days out of NY
Jul 31st - Benjamin Chambers patents breech loading cannon
Aug 9th - Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia
Aug 19th - NY Herald reports gold discovery in California
Aug 22nd - The first air raid in history; Austria launches pilotless balloons against the Italian city of Venice.
Aug 28th - Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, having been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence
Sep 1st - California Constitutional Convention held in Monterey
Sep 3rd - California State Constitutional Convention convenes in Monterey
Sep 10th - 1st performance by US actor Edwin Booth (Richard III)
Sep 13th - 1st US prize fight fatality (Tom McCoy)
Abolitionist Harriet Tubman Sep 17th - Harriet Tubman 1st escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers
Sep 18th - De Kempenae's Dutch government resigns
Sep 19th - 1st commercial laundry established, in Oaklan, California
Sep 29th - 1st passenger train service to Peekskill NY (New Haven Railroad)
Oct 3rd - American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.
Oct 6th - The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence.
Oct 16th - Avery College establishes in Allegheny, Pennsylvania
Oct 16th - British seize Tigre Island in Gulf of Fonseca from Honduras
Nov 1st - Dutch government of Thorbecke forms
Author Edgar Allan Poe Nov 13th - Peter Burnett elected first governor of California
Nov 15th - 1st US poultry show opens in Boston
Nov 16th - A Russian court sentences Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor.
Nov 21st - Friedrich Hebbel's "Der Rubin" premieres in Vienna
Dec 6th - Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery in Maryland for the 2nd and final time
Dec 8th - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Luisa Miller" premieres in Naples
Dec 14th - 1st chamber music group in US gives their 1st concert (Boston)
Dec 18th - William Bond obtains 1st photograph of Moon through a telescope
Dec 21st - 1st US skating club formed (Phila)
Dec 22nd - The execution of Fyodor Dostoevsky is called off at the last second.
Composer Giuseppe Verdi Dec 28th - M Jolly-Bellin discovers dry-cleaning, he accidentally upset lamp containing turpentine & oil on his clothing & sees cleaning effect