Historical Events in 1849

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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 11th Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in US to earn medical degree

  • Jan 13th Vancouver Island granted to Hudson's Bay Co
  • Jan 23rd Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman physician in US
  • Jan 23rd Patent granted for an envelope-making machine
  • Jan 31st Corn Laws abolished in Britain
  • Feb 4th University of Wisconsin begins in 1 room with 20 students
  • Feb 8th New Roman Republic established.
  • Feb 9th Roman Republic declared in Rome replacing following flight of Pope Pius IX

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 14th In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes first serving US President to have his photograph taken (by Matthew Brady).

11th US President James Knox Polk
11th US President
James Knox Polk
  • Feb 18th 1st regular steamboat service to California starts (or 02/28)
  • Feb 28th 1st boat load of gold rush prospectors arrives in SF from east coast
  • Feb 28th 11th Grand National: Tom Cunningham aboard Peter Simple wins
  • Mar 3rd Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin
  • Mar 3rd Territory of Minnesota organizes
  • Mar 3rd US Home Department (later renamed the Department of the Interior) established by Congress
  • Mar 4th US had no president, Polks term ends on a Sunday, Taylor couldn't be sworn-in, Sen David Atchison (pres pro tem) term ended Mar 3rd

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5th Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th US president

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Mar 9th Carl Nikolais opera "Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10th Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent (only US president to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Mar 12th 1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to Calif
  • Mar 23rd Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic)
  • Mar 27th Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill
  • Mar 29th Great Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India
  • Mar 31st Col John W Geary arrives as 1st postmaster of SF
  • Apr 10th Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (NYC); sold rights for $400
  • Apr 13th Hungarian Republic proclaimed
  • Apr 14th Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader.
  • Apr 16th Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "Le proph├Ęte" premieres in Paris
  • Apr 25th The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal's English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.
  • May 3rd The May Uprising in Dresden begins - the last of the German revolutions of 1848.
  • May 10th Pack destroys Astor Place opera house in NYC (22 killed)
  • May 12th Willem Alexander PFL crowned king Willem III in Amsterdam
  • May 15th Philadelphia Turngemeinde founded
  • May 17th Fire destroy Centrum in St Louis Missouri
  • May 22nd Abraham Lincoln receives a patent (only US president to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions

CommunicationOpening of Euston Station

May 27th Opening of the Great Hall at Euston station in London

  • May 28th Princess Marianne of the Netherlands & Albrecht of Prussia separate
  • May 29th Lincoln says "You can fool some of the people all of the time, and all of the people some of the time, but you can not fool all of the people all of the time."
  • May 31st Last edition of Orange sheet "Journal de La Haye"
  • Jun 5th Danish National Day-Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy
  • Jun 12th Gas mask patented by Lewis Haslett (Louisville Ky)
  • Jun 21st Battle at Waghausel: Prussian troops beat Baden rebels
  • Jun 22nd Stephen C Massett opens concert at San Francisco courthouse using only piano in Calif

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2nd Giuseppe Garibaldi begins hunger strike in Rome

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • Jul 3rd The French entered Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.
  • Jul 8th St Paul's Place in the Bronx named
  • Jul 20th Start of 1st Lancashire-Yorkshire clash at Hyde Park, Sheffield
  • Jul 28th Memmon is first clipper to reach San Francisco, 120 days out of NY
  • Jul 31st Benjamin Chambers patents breech loading cannon
  • Aug 9th Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia
  • Aug 19th NY Herald reports gold discovery in California
  • Aug 22nd The first air raid in history; Austria launches pilotless balloons against the Italian city of Venice
  • Aug 28th Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, having been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence
  • Sep 1st California Constitutional Convention held in Monterey
  • Sep 3rd California State Constitutional Convention convenes in Monterey
  • Sep 10th 1st performance by US actor Edwin Booth (Richard III)
  • Sep 13th 1st US prize fight fatality (Tom McCoy)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 17th Harriet Tubman 1st escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
  • Sep 18th De Kempenae's Dutch government resigns
  • Sep 19th 1st commercial laundry established, in Oakland, California
  • Sep 29th 1st passenger train service to Peekskill NY (New Haven Railroad)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3rd American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.

  • Oct 6th The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence.
  • Oct 16th Avery College establishes in Allegheny, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 16th British seize Tigre Island in Gulf of Fonseca from Honduras
  • Nov 1st Dutch government of Thorbecke forms
  • Nov 13th Peter Burnett elected first governor of California
  • Nov 15th 1st US poultry show opens in Boston
  • Nov 16th A Russian court sentences Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor.
  • Nov 21st Friedrich Hebbel's "Der Rubin" premieres in Vienna
  • Dec 6th Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery in Maryland for the 2nd and final time

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Dec 8th Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Luisa Miller" premieres in Naples

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
  • Dec 14th 1st chamber music group in US gives their 1st concert (Boston)
  • Dec 18th William Bond obtains 1st photograph of Moon through a telescope
  • Dec 21st 1st US skating club formed (Philadelphia)
  • Dec 22nd The execution of Fyodor Dostoevsky is called off at the last second.
  • Dec 28th M Jolly-Bellin discovers dry-cleaning, he accidentally upset lamp containing turpentine & oil on his clothing & sees cleaning effect