Historical Events in 1850

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  • Sunday 30
  • Jan 5th California Exchange opens
  • Jan 18th British blockade Piraeus, Greece, to enforce mercantile claims
  • Jan 20th Investigator, first ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
  • Jan 22nd Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in Calif
  • Jan 26th 1st German language daily newspaper in US published, NYC

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 29th Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to US Senate

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay
  • Feb 5th Adding machine employing depressible keys patented, New Paltz, NY
  • Feb 12th Original Washington's Farewell Address manuscript sells for $2,300
  • Feb 18th California Legislature creates nine Bay Area counties
  • Feb 27th 12th Grand National: Chris Green aboard Abd-El-Kader wins
  • Feb 28th The University of Utah opens in Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • Mar 5th The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 7th Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850

American Statesman Daniel Webster
American Statesman
Daniel Webster
  • Mar 11th Woman's Medical College of Penn (1st female medical school)
  • Mar 12th 1st US $20 gold piece issued

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 16th Nathaniel Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter" published by Ticknor, Reed and Fields in Boston

  • Mar 18th Henry Wells & William Fargo forms American Express in Buffalo
  • Mar 29th SS Royal Adelaide sinks in storm; 200 die
  • Mar 31st US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))
  • Apr 1st SF County government established
  • Apr 4th City of Los Angeles incorporated
  • Apr 15th City of San Francisco incorporated
  • Apr 25th Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices
  • May 1st John Geary becomes 1st mayor of San Francisco
  • May 11th Work starts on 1st brick building in San Francisco
  • May 27th Mormon Temple in Nauvoo, Illinois, destroyed by tornado
  • Jun 4th Empire Engine Company No 1 organized
  • Jun 4th Self-deodorizing fertilizer patented in England

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 6th Levi Strauss make his 1st pair of blue jeans

Fashion Designer Levi Strauss
Fashion Designer
Levi Strauss
  • Jun 14th Fire destroys part of San Francisco, starts in bakery chimney
  • Jun 17th Paddle-wheeler "G P Griffith" burns off Mentor Ohio (206 die)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 29th British ex-Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel falls off his horse; de died three days later

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • Jun 29th Autocephaly Officially Granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to The Church of Greece.
  • Jul 1st At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
  • Jul 2nd Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • Jul 7th Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 10th Millard Fillmore sworn in as president of US (replacing Taylor)

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore
  • Jul 12th Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • Jul 14th 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
  • Jul 15th John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North v South at Lord's
  • Jul 17th Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star (Vega)
  • Jul 19th Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
  • Jul 23rd 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K Hall of NY takes office
  • Jul 25th Gold discovered in Oregon (Rogue River)
  • Aug 23rd 1st national women's rights convention convenes in Worcester Mass

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Aug 28th Richard Wagner's opera "Lohengrin" premieres at Weimar, Germany

Composer Richard Wagner
Composer
Richard Wagner
  • Aug 30th Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes a city
  • Aug 31st California pioneers organized at Montgomery & Clay Streets
  • Sep 9th Territories of New Mexico & Utah created
  • Sep 9th California is admitted as the thirty-first U.S. state
  • Sep 11th "Swedish Nightingale" Jenny Lind gives 1st US concert
  • Sep 17th Great fire in San Francisco
  • Sep 18th Congress passes Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850
  • Sep 20th Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue
  • Sep 24th Papal Bull issued, establishes Roman Catholic hierarchy in England
  • Sep 28th US Navy abolishes flogging as punishment
  • Oct 12th First women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
  • Oct 17th Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
  • Nov 6th 1st Hawaiian fire engine
  • Nov 6th Yerba Buena & Angel Islands (SF Bay) reserved for military use

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 19th Alfred Tennyson becomes British Poet Laureate, succeeding William Wordsworth

  • Nov 29th The treaty, Punctation of Olm├╝tz, signed in Olomouc means diplomatic capitulation of Prussia to Austrian Empire, which took over the leadership of German Confederation.
  • Dec 16th Ships the Charlotte-Jane and the Randolph bring the first of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton, New Zealand
  • Dec 20th Hawaiian post office established
  • Dec 27th Hawaiian Fire Dept established
  • Dec 28th Rangoon, Burma, destroyed by fire