Historical Events in 1850

  • Jan 5 California Exchange opens
  • Jan 18 British blockade Piraeus, Greece, to enforce mercantile claims
  • Jan 20 Investigator, first ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
  • Jan 22 Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in Calif
  • Jan 26 1st German language daily newspaper in US published, NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to US Senate

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay
  • Feb 5 Adding machine employing depressible keys patented, New Paltz, NY
  • Feb 12 Original Washington's Farewell Address manuscript sells for $2,300
  • Feb 18 California Legislature creates nine Bay Area counties
  • Feb 27 12th Grand National: Chris Green aboard Abd-El-Kader wins
  • Feb 28 The University of Utah opens in Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • Mar 5 The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850

American Statesman Daniel Webster
American Statesman
Daniel Webster
  • Mar 11 Woman's Medical College of Penn (1st female medical school)
  • Mar 12 1st US $20 gold piece issued

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 16 Nathaniel Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter" published by Ticknor, Reed and Fields in Boston

  • Mar 18 Henry Wells & William Fargo forms American Express in Buffalo
  • Mar 29 SS Royal Adelaide sinks in storm; 200 die
  • Mar 31 US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))
  • Apr 1 SF County government established
  • Apr 4 City of Los Angeles incorporated
  • Apr 15 City of San Francisco incorporated
  • Apr 25 Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices
  • May 1 John Geary becomes 1st mayor of San Francisco
  • May 11 Work starts on 1st brick building in San Francisco
  • May 27 Mormon Temple in Nauvoo, Illinois, destroyed by tornado
  • Jun 4 Empire Engine Company No 1 organized
  • Jun 4 Self-deodorizing fertilizer patented in England
  • Jun 14 Fire destroys part of San Francisco, starts in bakery chimney
  • Jun 17 Paddle-wheeler "G P Griffith" burns off Mentor Ohio (206 die)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 29 British ex-Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel falls off his horse; he died three days later

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • Jun 29 Autocephaly Officially Granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to The Church of Greece.
  • Jul 1 At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
  • Jul 2 Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • Jul 7 Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 Millard Fillmore sworn in as president of US (replacing Taylor)

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore
  • Jul 12 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • Jul 14 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
  • Jul 15 John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North v South at Lord's
  • Jul 17 Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star (Vega)
  • Jul 19 Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
  • Jul 23 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K Hall of NY takes office
  • Jul 25 Gold discovered in Oregon (Rogue River)
  • Aug 23 1st US National Women's Rights Convention convenes in Worcester, Massachusetts

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Aug 28 Richard Wagner's opera "Lohengrin" premieres at Weimar, Germany

Composer Richard Wagner
Composer
Richard Wagner
  • Aug 30 Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes a city
  • Aug 31 California pioneers organized at Montgomery & Clay Streets
  • Sep 9 Territories of New Mexico & Utah created
  • Sep 9 California is admitted as the thirty-first state of the Union
  • Sep 11 "Swedish Nightingale" Jenny Lind gives 1st US concert
  • Sep 17 Great fire in San Francisco
  • Sep 18 Congress passes Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850
  • Sep 20 Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue
  • Sep 24 Papal Bull issued, establishes Roman Catholic hierarchy in England
  • Sep 28 US Navy abolishes flogging as punishment
  • Oct 12 First women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
  • Oct 17 Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
  • Nov 6 1st Hawaiian fire engine
  • Nov 6 Yerba Buena & Angel Islands (SF Bay) reserved for military use

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 19 Alfred Tennyson becomes British Poet Laureate, succeeding William Wordsworth

  • Nov 29 The treaty, Punctation of Olm├╝tz, signed in Olomouc means diplomatic capitulation of Prussia to Austrian Empire, which took over the leadership of German Confederation.
  • Dec 16 Ships the Charlotte-Jane and the Randolph bring the first of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton, New Zealand
  • Dec 20 Hawaiian post office established
  • Dec 27 Hawaiian Fire Dept established
  • Dec 28 Rangoon, Burma, destroyed by fire