Historical Events in 1850

  • Jan 5 California Exchange opens
  • Jan 18 British blockade Piraeus, Greece, to enforce mercantile claims
  • Jan 20 Investigator, first ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
  • Jan 22 Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in Calif
  • Jan 26 1st German language daily newspaper in US published, NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to US Senate

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay
  • Feb 5 Adding machine employing depressible keys patented, New Paltz, NY
  • Feb 12 Original Washington's Farewell Address manuscript sells for $2,300
  • Feb 18 California Legislature creates nine Bay Area counties
  • Feb 27 12th Grand National: Chris Green aboard Abd-El-Kader wins
  • Feb 28 The University of Utah opens in Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • Mar 5 The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850

American Statesman Daniel Webster
American Statesman
Daniel Webster
  • Mar 11 Woman's Medical College of Penn (1st female medical school)
  • Mar 12 1st US $20 gold piece issued

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 16 Nathaniel Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter" published by Ticknor, Reed and Fields in Boston

  • Mar 18 Henry Wells & William Fargo forms American Express in Buffalo
  • Mar 29 SS Royal Adelaide sinks in storm; 200 die
  • Mar 31 US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))
  • Apr 1 SF County government established
  • Apr 4 City of Los Angeles incorporated
  • Apr 15 City of San Francisco incorporated
  • Apr 25 Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices
  • May 1 John Geary becomes 1st mayor of San Francisco
  • May 11 Work starts on 1st brick building in San Francisco
  • May 27 Mormon Temple in Nauvoo, Illinois, destroyed by tornado
  • Jun 4 Empire Engine Company No 1 organized
  • Jun 4 Self-deodorizing fertilizer patented in England
  • Jun 14 Fire destroys part of San Francisco, starts in bakery chimney
  • Jun 17 Paddle-wheeler "G P Griffith" burns off Mentor Ohio (206 die)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 29 British ex-Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel falls off his horse; he died three days later

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • Jun 29 Autocephaly Officially Granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to The Church of Greece.
  • Jul 1 At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
  • Jul 2 Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • Jul 7 Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 Millard Fillmore sworn in as president of US (replacing Taylor)

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore
  • Jul 12 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • Jul 14 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
  • Jul 15 John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North v South at Lord's
  • Jul 17 Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star (Vega)
  • Jul 19 Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
  • Jul 23 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K Hall of NY takes office
  • Jul 25 Gold discovered in Oregon (Rogue River)
  • Aug 23 1st US National Women's Rights Convention convenes in Worcester, Massachusetts

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Aug 28 Richard Wagner's opera "Lohengrin" premieres at Weimar, Germany

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
  • Aug 30 Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes a city
  • Aug 31 California pioneers organized at Montgomery & Clay Streets
  • Sep 9 Territories of New Mexico & Utah created
  • Sep 9 California is admitted as the thirty-first state of the Union
  • Sep 11 "Swedish Nightingale" Jenny Lind gives 1st US concert
  • Sep 17 Great fire in San Francisco
  • Sep 18 Congress passes Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850
  • Sep 20 Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue
  • Sep 24 Papal Bull issued, establishes Roman Catholic hierarchy in England
  • Sep 28 US Navy abolishes flogging as punishment
  • Oct 12 First women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
  • Oct 17 Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
  • Nov 6 1st Hawaiian fire engine
  • Nov 6 Yerba Buena & Angel Islands (SF Bay) reserved for military use

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 19 Alfred Tennyson becomes British Poet Laureate, succeeding William Wordsworth

  • Nov 29 The treaty, Punctation of Olm├╝tz, signed in Olomouc means diplomatic capitulation of Prussia to Austrian Empire, which took over the leadership of German Confederation.
  • Dec 16 Ships the Charlotte-Jane and the Randolph bring the first of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton, New Zealand
  • Dec 20 Hawaiian post office established
  • Dec 27 Hawaiian Fire Dept established
  • Dec 28 Rangoon, Burma, destroyed by fire