Historical Events in 1850

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  • Jan 5th California Exchange opens
  • Jan 18th British blockade Piraeus, Greece, to enforce mercantile claims
  • Jan 20th Investigator, first ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
  • Jan 22nd Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in Calif
  • Jan 26th 1st German language daily newspaper in US published, NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29th Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to US Senate

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay
  • Feb 5th Adding machine employing depressible keys patented, New Paltz, NY
  • Feb 12th Original Washington's Farewell Address manuscript sells for $2,300
  • Feb 18th California Legislature creates nine Bay Area counties
  • Feb 27th 12th Grand National: Chris Green aboard Abd-El-Kader wins
  • Feb 28th The University of Utah opens in Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • Mar 5th The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7th Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850

American Statesman Daniel Webster
American Statesman
Daniel Webster
  • Mar 11th Woman's Medical College of Penn (1st female medical school)
  • Mar 12th 1st US $20 gold piece issued

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 16th Nathaniel Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter" published by Ticknor, Reed and Fields in Boston

  • Mar 18th Henry Wells & William Fargo forms American Express in Buffalo
  • Mar 29th SS Royal Adelaide sinks in storm; 200 die
  • Mar 31st US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))
  • Apr 1st SF County government established
  • Apr 4th City of Los Angeles incorporated
  • Apr 15th City of San Francisco incorporated
  • Apr 25th Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices
  • May 1st John Geary becomes 1st mayor of San Francisco
  • May 11th Work starts on 1st brick building in San Francisco
  • May 27th Mormon Temple in Nauvoo, Illinois, destroyed by tornado
  • Jun 4th Empire Engine Company No 1 organized
  • Jun 4th Self-deodorizing fertilizer patented in England
  • Jun 14th Fire destroys part of San Francisco, starts in bakery chimney
  • Jun 17th Paddle-wheeler "G P Griffith" burns off Mentor Ohio (206 die)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 29th British ex-Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel falls off his horse; he died three days later

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • Jun 29th Autocephaly Officially Granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to The Church of Greece.
  • Jul 1st At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
  • Jul 2nd Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • Jul 7th Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10th Millard Fillmore sworn in as president of US (replacing Taylor)

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore
  • Jul 12th Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • Jul 14th 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
  • Jul 15th John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North v South at Lord's
  • Jul 17th Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star (Vega)
  • Jul 19th Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
  • Jul 23rd 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K Hall of NY takes office
  • Jul 25th Gold discovered in Oregon (Rogue River)
  • Aug 23rd 1st US National Women's Rights Convention convenes in Worcester, Massachusetts

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Aug 28th Richard Wagner's opera "Lohengrin" premieres at Weimar, Germany

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
  • Aug 30th Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes a city
  • Aug 31st California pioneers organized at Montgomery & Clay Streets
  • Sep 9th Territories of New Mexico & Utah created
  • Sep 9th California is admitted as the thirty-first state of the Union
  • Sep 11th "Swedish Nightingale" Jenny Lind gives 1st US concert
  • Sep 17th Great fire in San Francisco
  • Sep 18th Congress passes Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850
  • Sep 20th Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue
  • Sep 24th Papal Bull issued, establishes Roman Catholic hierarchy in England
  • Sep 28th US Navy abolishes flogging as punishment
  • Oct 12th First women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
  • Oct 17th Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
  • Nov 6th 1st Hawaiian fire engine
  • Nov 6th Yerba Buena & Angel Islands (SF Bay) reserved for military use

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 19th Alfred Tennyson becomes British Poet Laureate, succeeding William Wordsworth

  • Nov 29th The treaty, Punctation of Olm├╝tz, signed in Olomouc means diplomatic capitulation of Prussia to Austrian Empire, which took over the leadership of German Confederation.
  • Dec 16th Ships the Charlotte-Jane and the Randolph bring the first of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton, New Zealand
  • Dec 20th Hawaiian post office established
  • Dec 27th Hawaiian Fire Dept established
  • Dec 28th Rangoon, Burma, destroyed by fire